Watershed - Blue River (LW09)
Blue River Watershed

Details

The Blue River Watershed, located in Grant and Iowa Counties, drains to the Wisconsin River from Military Ridge, which is the feature that divides the Lower Wisconsin and the Grant-Platte river drainage basins. Many of the streams in the watershed are spring fed and have high gradients. The watershed is located in the driftless region of Wisconsin. Overall, land cover in the watershed is predominantly broad-leaf deciduous forest and agriculture, although a large portion of the watershed is grassland.

Date  2001

Population, Land Use

Population in the watershed for the year 2000 was estimated to be close to 6,554. These are several small municipalities in the watershed including Blue River, Muscoda, Highland, Montfort and Fennimore. Overall population growth in the communities is low.

Date  2001

Nonpoint and Point Sources

There are several permitted discharges in the watershed. The villages of Blue River, Highland and Montfort wastewater treatment plants discharge to the Blue River, Big Spring Branch and Blue River respectively, while Muscoda discharges to groundwater. An industrial facility also discharges to groundwater. Overall, nonpoint source pollution is considered the primary cause of water quality problems in the watershed. The watershed has been ranked as a high priority for nonpoint source pollution reduction. In addition, a portion of the watershed on the Lower Wisconsin River Valley is in an atrazine prohibition area. These areas indicate that elevated levels of atrazine, an herbicide used on corn, has been found in some tested private water wells. Soils are permeable, which has allowed atrazine to reach groundwater in some locations.

Date  2001

Ecological Landscapes for Blue River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Western Coulee and Ridges Ecological Landscape in southwestern and west central Wisconsin is characterized by its highly eroded, driftless topography and relatively extensive forested landscape. Soils are silt loams (loess) and sandy loams over sandstone residuum over dolomite. Several large rivers including the Wisconsin, Mississippi, Chippewa, Kickapoo and Black flow through or border the Ecological Landscape. Historical vegetation consisted of southern hardwood forests, oak savanna, scattered prairies, and floodplain forests and marshes along the major rivers. With Euro-American settlement, most of the land on ridgetops and valley bottoms was cleared of oak savanna, prairie, and level forest for agriculture. The steep slopes between valley bottom and ridgetop, unsuitable for raising crops, grew into oak-dominated forests after the ubiquitous presettlement wildfires were suppressed. Current vegetation is a mix of forest (40%), agriculture, and grassland with some wetlands in the river valleys. The primary forest cover is oak-hickory (51%) dominated by oak species and shagbark hickory. Maple-basswood forests (28%), dominated by sugar maple, basswood and red maple, are common in areas that were not subjected to repeated presettlement wildfires. Bottomland hardwoods (10%) are common in the valley bottoms of major rivers and are dominated by silver maple, ashes, elms, cottonwood, and red maple. Relict conifer forests including white pine, hemlock and yellow birch are a rarer natural community in the cooler, steep, north slope microclimates. The Blue River Watershed has a variety of good quality habitats and rare plant communities that are listed on the state's Natural Heritage Inventory (NHI) kept by the Bureau of Endangered Resources. These communities include: cedar glade, sand prairie, dry cliff, dry prairie, dry-mesic prairie, moist cliff, oak barrens, pine barrens, pine relict, sand barrens, springs and spring runs, southern dry forest, southern dry-mesic forest, calcareous fen, emergent aquatic, ephemeral pond, floodplain forest, oxbow lake, southern sedge meadow and fast, hard and cold streams.

Date  2001

Recreational Opportunities

The watershed contains public land that can be used for a variety of recreational purposes from fishing and boating to hiking and birdwatching. The Blue River and Muscoda Units of the Lower Wisconsin Riverway are in this watershed. The Blue River Unit is 1,904 acres and has fishing and birdwatching. The Muscoda Unit is a bit larger and contains 2,291 acres that are primarily used for fishing and birdwatching. The Muscoda Unit has a boat launch located in Muscoda and contains trails for snowmobiles and horses. The Big Spring Fishery Area is also in the watershed. Trout fishing and hiking are the most common recreational uses on the 286 acres of state-owned land.

Date  2001

Wildlife and Habitat

The watershed is also home for a variety of rare plant and animal species including; 2 bird species, 2 species of beetles, 6 species of butterflies, 4 species of dragonflies, 12 species of fish, 1 species of frog, 1 species of grasshopper, 2 species of mayflies, 2 species of moths, 12 species of mussels, 24 plant species, 1 species of snake and 1 species of turtle. These plants and animals are listed on the state"s natural heritage inventory.

Date  2001

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Castle Rock Ditch
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Cruson Slough
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Lake Du Bay
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Little Pine Creek
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Wisconsin River
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
River Planning Grant
Date
10/18/2000
Waters Involved
Castle Rock Creek
Status
Complete

Grant County: Castle Rock Creek Watershed Committee: The Grant County LCD will work with local groups to generate data and distribute information in order to build public understanding of the unique character of the Upper Fennimore Fork (Castle Rock Creek) watershed and increase public support for efforts to protect it. Specifically the project will: 1) establish a one year stream assessment and monitoring network; 2) provide additional information concerning the local impact of proposed NPS Rules; 3) provide a listing and description of stream restoration alternatives, design considerations, and costs; 4) assist the WDNR and Grant County LCD to complete contracts for Best management Practices (BMPs); and 5) distribute the results, conclusions, and information via brochures, local newspapers, and other media, at field and indoor workshops, and by constructing an educational kiosk located near the creek.

A full description of the project scope and deliverables is available in the grant application, which is part of this agreement. The DNR will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. Information will be disseminated to the public as described in the grant application.


Grant Details
River Protection Grant
Date
7/1/2013
Waters Involved
Big Rock Br
Status
Proposed

Harry & Laura Nohr Chapter Of Trout Unlimite: Blue River/Big Rock Branch Project: The Harry and Laura Nohr Chapter of Trout Unlimited will undertake River Management Project for trout stream restoration along approximately 1700 feet of the Blue River and Big Rock Branch in Grant and Iowa Counties. The goal is to reduce erosion and siltation to improve water quality, improve substrate quality, and provide more cover for trout. Project deliverables are as follows: 1.) Tapering eroding banks with a goal of 8:1 where possible and armoring the toe, 2.) creating weirs to narrow the flow and create holes, 3.) Using root wads to create structure, 4.) Build and install hides/cribs/lunker structures in critical points, 5.) Increase and improve gravel riffle areas, 6.) Seed and mulch disturbed soil with grass mixes, 7.) Install structures as outlined in the grant application, table of structures, 8.) Provide pre-restoration and post-restoration photos taken at several locations on each stream.


Grant Details
River Protection Grant
Date
7/1/2006
Waters Involved
Blue River
Status
Complete

Harry & Laura Nohr Chapter Of Trout Unlimite: Blue River Project 2006: The 2006 Blue River project presents opportunities for a diverse and dynamic protection and managment program. The goal of this grant is to implement a streambank restoration project which is part of a larger watershed management effort. Specific objectives include the performance of in-stream restoration of the Blue River to improve trout habitat and improve spawning potential and to work with the landowners, other agencies, and volunteers.

A full description of the project goal and objectives are in the grant application. The DNR will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report.


Grant Details
River Protection Grant
Date
7/1/2007
Waters Involved
Blue River
Status
Complete

Harry & Laura Nohr Chapter Of Trout Unlimite: Blue River Project 2007: The 2007 Blue River project presents opportunities for a continuing diverse and dynamic protection and management program. The goal of this grant is to implement a streambank restoration project which is part of a larger watershed management effort. Specific objectives include the performance of in-stream restoration of the Blue River to improve trout habitat and improve spawning potential and to work with the landowners, other agencies, and volunteers.

Please note: Final report deliverables help us ensure that the grant has been satisfactorily completed, and that state dollars are being spent wisely. Every deliverable, no matter how minor, must be completed in order to receive full reimbursement for the state share of costs. Ranking questions used to obtain this award, and specific deliverables mentioned in your grant description, constitute final report deliverables. If any deliverable is not adequately provided in the final report, only partial reimbursement, at the department's discretion, will be made. The only exception will be if there is a well-justified and department-approved scope amendment. If you have any question about what a specific ranking question or other deliverable means, please contact your river coordinator BEFORE you sign this agreement.


Grant Details
River Protection Grant
Date
7/1/2009
Waters Involved
Blue River
Status
Complete

Harry & Laura Nohr Chapter Of Trout Unlimite: Blue River Project 2009: The Harry and Laura Nohr Chapter of Trout Unlimited will conduct a restoration project on the Blue River, a Class II Trout stream, and an Exceptional Water Resource in Iowa and Grant counties. This instream habitat restoration project will reduce erosion and siltation and provide more cover and habitat for brown trout. Along with a final report, specific project methods and deliverables include: 1)tapering eroding banks; 2)creating weirs to narrow the flow and create holes; 3)use of root wads to create structure; 4)build and install bank hides/cribs/lunker structures in critical points; increase and improve gravel riffle area; and 5)seed and mulch disturbed soil with grass mixes.

Special condition: The Sponsor agrees to abide by the ""Conditions of Approval"" contained in the Chapter 30 Regulated Activities approval issued by the Department of Natural Resources signed on 6/3/09.



Grant Details
River Protection Grant
Date
7/1/2013
Waters Involved
Blue River
Status
Complete

Harry & Laura Nohr Chapter Of Trout Unlimite: Blue River/Big Rock Branch Project: The Harry and Laura Nohr Chapter of Trout Unlimited will undertake River Management Project for trout stream restoration along approximately 1700 feet of the Blue River and Big Rock Branch in Grant and Iowa Counties. The goal is to reduce erosion and siltation to improve water quality, improve substrate quality, and provide more cover for trout. Project deliverables are as follows: 1.) Tapering eroding banks with a goal of 8:1 where possible and armoring the toe, 2.) creating weirs to narrow the flow and create holes, 3.) Using root wads to create structure, 4.) Build and install hides/cribs/lunker structures in critical points, 5.) Increase and improve gravel riffle areas, 6.) Seed and mulch disturbed soil with grass mixes, 7.) Install structures as outlined in the grant application, table of structures, 8.) Provide pre-restoration and post-restoration photos taken at several locations on each stream.


Grant Details
River Protection Grant
Date
4/15/2016
Waters Involved
Blue River
Status
Complete

Harry & Laura Nohr Chapter Of Trout Unlimite: 2016 Blue River Project: The Harry and Laura Nohr Chapter of TU will undertake a River Management Grant that will enhance and protect water quality and aquatic habitat for trout and forage fishes for approximately 5,000 linear feet of the Blue River between Shemak Road and Biba Road.

1. **9** Reduce soil erosion, stream siltation and thermal loading through stream bank sloping and stabilization practices using rock riprap and vegetation.
2. **9** Increase stream flow rates in riffles to help increase oxygen for aquatic invertebrates, fish spawning and rearing and increase depth of scour holes using a variety of habitat BMP\2019s such as log deflectors, root wads, vortex and half weirs.

Deliverables: Control bank erosion. Improved habitat and increased stream flow for fish and aquatic insects, reductions in stream sediment in the substrate, and increased rock and gravel habitat for fish and aquatic insects reproduction. Provide photographs showing improved habitat and bank stability. Cooperate with UW-Platteville Biology Department to have interns monitor the stream post \2013 BMP implementation, and present information at TU\2019s annual meeting. Post accomplishments on-line through a TU webpage and USF&W service webpage.


Grant Details
River Protection Grant
Date
7/1/2009
Waters Involved
Bronson Creek
Status
Complete

Harry & Laura Nohr Chapter Of Trout Unlimite: Bronson Creek Project 2009: The Harry and Laura Nohr Chapter of Trout Unlimited will conduct a restoration project on Bronson Creek a tributary of the Blue River, a Class II Trout stream and an Exceptional Water Resource in Iowa and Grant counties. This instream habitat restoration project will reduce erosion and siltation and provide more cover and habitat for trout. Along with a final report, specific project methods and deliverables include: 1)tapering eroding banks; 2)creating weirs to narrow the flow and create holes; 3)use of root wads to create structure; 4)build and install bank hides/cribs/lunker structures in critical points; increase and improve gravel riffle area; and 5)seed and mulch disturbed soil with grass mixes.

Special condition: The Sponsor agrees to abide by the ""Conditions of Approval"" contained in the Chapter 30 Regulated Activities approval issued by the Department of Natural Resources signed on 6/3/09.



Grant Details
River Protection Grant
Date
7/1/2013
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Harry & Laura Nohr Chapter Of Trout Unlimite: Blue River/Big Rock Branch Project: The Harry and Laura Nohr Chapter of Trout Unlimited will undertake River Management Project for trout stream restoration along approximately 1700 feet of the Blue River and Big Rock Branch in Grant and Iowa Counties. The goal is to reduce erosion and siltation to improve water quality, improve substrate quality, and provide more cover for trout. Project deliverables are as follows: 1.) Tapering eroding banks with a goal of 8:1 where possible and armoring the toe, 2.) creating weirs to narrow the flow and create holes, 3.) Using root wads to create structure, 4.) Build and install hides/cribs/lunker structures in critical points, 5.) Increase and improve gravel riffle areas, 6.) Seed and mulch disturbed soil with grass mixes, 7.) Install structures as outlined in the grant application, table of structures, 8.) Provide pre-restoration and post-restoration photos taken at several locations on each stream.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Monitoring Studies

In the watershed, there are two stream flow gauging stations in operation. These stations are owned by the USGS and are used to continually measure the flow in select streams and rivers throughout the United States. In the Blue River watershed, these stations are located on the Wisconsin River at Muscoda and on Fennimore Fork (or Castle Rock Creek) at Homer Road.

Date  2010

Grants and Management Projects
Blue River Watershed

Goals

7/11/2002
Phosphorus WDNR will consider that Castle Rock Creek and Gunderson Valley Creek are meeting the narrative WQSs when the algal growth is reduced and DO targets are met. To do this, WDNR has established a water quality target of 0.095 mg/l of TP. Table 2 (below) shows the total loading capacity for the two creeks. WDNR established loading capacities for phosphorus for Castle Rock Creek at two locations, Baumgartner Road and Homer Road. Baumgartner Road is an intermediate location on the creek which has a substantial amount of data, and Homer Road is at the downstream end of the watershed. The loading capacity at Baumgartner Road is 2.5 lbs/day of TP, and the loading capacity at Homer road is 3.0 lbs/day of TP. The loading capacity for Gunderson Valley Creek is 0.42 lbs/day (page 9 of the final TMDL submittal).

Sediment: WDNR will consider that Castle Rock Creek is meeting the narrative WQSs when the habitat improves and the coldwater fishery is restored. To do this, WDNR has determined the loading capacity to be 24,000 tons/yr for Castle Rock Creek, and 3,400 tons/yr for Gunderson Valley Creek. This represents a reduction of 33% in sediment loads for Castle Rock Creek, and an 18% reduction in sediment loads for Gunderson Valley Creek page 13 of the final TMDL submittal).

Priorities

3/10/2010
Implement the Castle Rock and Gunderson Creek TMDL. Additional concerns and issues: Nonpoint source pollution, ditching and hydrologic modification, and atrazine contamination in shallow aquifers - groundwater for drinking water.

Initiatives and Projects include Wild trout reintroduction
Watershed Recommendations
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
 
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
4/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
 
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
4/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Monitor Fish Community
Blue River fIBI
Date
Status
AU 13271, poo fIBI, Station 10021311
1/1/2018
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor or Propose 303(d) Listing
Castle Rock, Gunderson Creek, Wisconsin River, Blue River
Date
Status
Monitor listed impaired waters for water quality changes over time.
7/1/2011
In Progress
Projects
 
Monitor to Evaluate Projects
 
Date
Status
Monitoring to evaluate the outcome of the River Management Grant awarded to the Trout Unlimited group.
7/1/2010
Proposed
 
Monitor with Baseline Survey
 
Date
Status
Baseline monitoring on the Blue River is needed.
1/1/2010
Proposed
 
TMDL Development
Castle Rock Creek TMDL WBIC 1211300
Date
Status
Castle Rock and Gunderson Creek TMDL was created to address phosphorus, sediment, and for at least one creek biological oxygen demand.
6/28/2004
In Progress
Projects
 
TMDL Implementatoin
Gunderson Valley Creek TMDL, WBIC 1212600
Date
Status
Castle Rock and Gunderson Creek TMDL was created to address phosphorus, sediment, and for at least one creek biological oxygen demand.
6/28/2004
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Blue River WatershedWatershed History Note

The Village of Muscoda is located on the south bank of the Wisconsin River in the Blue River Watershed. Muscoda was originally known as English Prairie until 1840. The named originated after the two English fur traders, Abraham Lansing and Garrit Roseboom, opened a post on the river at the close of the French and Indian War. The name Muscoda may be a corruption of the Ojibwa word for prairie.

Muscoda was incorporated in 1894 and started out as a major Wisconsin River port for the lead mining industry in the hills to the south, but with the introduction of the railroad, it moved to a farming and industrial community. In 1982, Muscoda became known as "Wisconsin's Morel Capital" and celebrates with the Morel Mushroom Festival every year on the weekend after Mother's Day.

Date  2010