Watershed - Knapp Creek (LW08)
Knapp Creek Watershed

Details

The Knapp Creek watershed covers approximately 154 square miles and is located in the driftless area of western Richland and eastern Crawford counties. There are no major municipalities in the watershed and overall population in 2000 was estimated to be fewer than 2,000. Most of the streams in the watershed drain to Knapp Creek. Knapp Creek empties into the Wisconsin River above Boscobel. Land cover in the watershed is mostly broad leaf deciduous forest, although a large portion of the watershed is used for agricultural production. The primary land use is forest (broadleaf deciduous), agriculture, grassland and wetlands. There are no point source discharges to streams in the watershed. The primary surface water quality problems are the result of nonpoint source pollution. In addition, a portion of the watershed on the Lower Wisconsin River Valley is in an atrazine prohibition area, which indicates that elevated levels of atrazine, an herbicide used on corn, has been found in some tested private water wells. Permeable soils have allowed atrazine to reach groundwater in some locations. Another concern in the watershed is the impoundment of natural springs throughout the watershed. Springs are critical to the success of trout streams since they introduce water with minimal temperature fluctuations throughout both summer and winter (approximately 52 degrees Fahrenheit). This has caused stream temperatures that are warmer in the summer and colder in the winter, which stresses coldwater fish species in the summer and reduces spawning success through the winter The Knapp Creek Watershed has a variety of good quality habitats and rare plant communities that are listed on the state’s Natural Heritage Inventory, (NHI), which is kept by the Bureau of Endangered Resources. The watershed is also home for a variety of rare plant and animal species including; 13 species of fish, 5 species of birds, 12 mussel species, 2 species of snakes, 1 species of beetle, 7 different species of dragonflies, 5 species of mayflies, 20 types of plants and 1 mammal species. These species are also listed on the NHI survey. The Knapp Creek, and Marietta Units of the Lower Wisconsin State Riverway (LWSR) are in this watershed. The Knapp Creek Unit is 5,001 acres, of which 2,998 are DNR owned and 2,003 contain DNR easements. The Marietta Unit is 1,956 acres of publicly owned land. Both areas offer a variety of recreational opportunities.

Date  2001

Details

The Knapp Creek watershed covers approximately 154 square miles and is located in the driftless area of western Richland and eastern Crawford counties. There are no major municipalities in the watershed and overall population in 2000 was estimated to be fewer than 2,000. Most of the streams in the watershed drain to Knapp Creek. Knapp Creek empties into the Wisconsin River above Boscobel. Land cover in the watershed is mostly broad leaf deciduous forest, although a large portion of the watershed is used for agricultural production. In the watershed, there are no point source discharges to streams. The primary surface water quality problem is the result of nonpoint source pollution and the watershed has been ranked as a medium priority for nonpoint source pollution. In addition, a portion of the watershed on the Lower Wisconsin River Valley is in an atrazine prohibition area, which indicates that elevated levels of atrazine, an herbicide used on corn, has been found in some tested private water wells. Permeable soils have allowed atrazine to reach groundwater in some locations. Another concern in the watershed is the impoundment of natural springs throughout the watershed. Springs are critical to the success of trout streams since they introduce water with minimal temperature fluctuations throughout both summer and winter (approximately 52 degrees Fahrenheit). This has caused stream temperatures that are warmer in the summer and colder in the winter, which stresses coldwater fish species in the summer and reduces spawning success through the winter.

Date  2001

Nonpoint and Point Sources

The Knapp Creek Watershed drains to the Wisconsin River in Richland and Crawford Counties. No municipal wastewater facilities discharge in the watershed, The only industrial dischargers, two dairies, discharge lo groundwater. According to the draft Richland County Soil Erosion Control Plan, the Knapp Creek watershed has the second highest average erosion rate in the county, 5.2 tons per acre per year, The Crawford County Erosion Control Plan indicates the Crawford County portion of the watershed has an average soil erosion rate of 7.4. tons per acre per year. There is limited information available evaluating the ability of the streams to improve if nonpoint source pollution is controlled. Portions of the Lower Wisconsin Riverway are in this watershed.

Date  1994

Ecological Landscapes for Knapp Creek Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Western Coulee and Ridges Ecological Landscape in southwestern and west central Wisconsin is characterized by its highly eroded, driftless topography and relatively extensive forested landscape. Soils are silt loams (loess) and sandy loams over sandstone residuum over dolomite. Several large rivers including the Wisconsin, Mississippi, Chippewa, Kickapoo and Black flow through or border the Ecological Landscape. Historical vegetation consisted of southern hardwood forests, oak savanna, scattered prairies, and floodplain forests and marshes along the major rivers. With Euro-American settlement, most of the land on ridgetops and valley bottoms was cleared of oak savanna, prairie, and level forest for agriculture. The steep slopes between valley bottom and ridgetop, unsuitable for raising crops, grew into oak-dominated forests after the ubiquitous presettlement wildfires were suppressed. Current vegetation is a mix of forest (40%), agriculture, and grassland with some wetlands in the river valleys. The primary forest cover is oak-hickory (51%) dominated by oak species and shagbark hickory. Maple-basswood forests (28%), dominated by sugar maple, basswood and red maple, are common in areas that were not subjected to repeated presettlement wildfires. Bottomland hardwoods (10%) are common in the valley bottoms of major rivers and are dominated by silver maple, ashes, elms, cottonwood, and red maple. Relict conifer forests including white pine, hemlock and yellow birch are a rarer natural community in the cooler, steep, north slope microclimates. The Knapp Creek Watershed has a variety of good quality habitats and rare plant communities that are listed on the state's Natural Heritage Inventory, (NHI), which is kept by the Bureau of Endangered Resources. The communities found in the watershed include: Dry cliff, Emergent aquatic, Dry prairie. Floodplain forest, Dry-mesic prairie, Shrub-carr, Southern dry-mesic forest, Southern sedge meadow, Southern mesic forest, Wet-mesic prairie. In addition to these special communities, the watershed is also home for a variety of rare plant and animal species including; 13 species of fish, 5 species of birds, 12 mussel species, 2 species of snakes, 1 species of beetle, 7 different species of dragonflies, 5 species of mayflies, 20 types of plants and 1 mammal species. These species are also listed on the NHI survey.

Date  2001

Recreational Opportunities

The Knapp Creek, and Marietta Units of the Lower Wisconsin State Riverway (LWSR) are in this watershed. The Knapp Creek Unit is 5,001 acres, of which 2,998 are DNR owned and 2,003 contain DNR easements. The Marietta Unit is 1,956 acres of publicly owned land. Both areas offer a variety of recreational opportunities.

Date  2001

Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Kickapoo River
Status
Complete

Crawford County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Crawford County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: 1. The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Crawford County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Crawford County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: 1. The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Castle Rock Ditch
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Cruson Slough
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Lake Du Bay
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Little Pine Creek
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Wisconsin River
Status
Complete

Lake Alice Association, Inc: Lake Alice Stewardship Program Phase Ii - Understanding The Biota Of Lake Alice: Lake Alice Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Lake Alice, in Lincoln County. The project will focus on developing and updating an Adaptive Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Lake Alice. Phase 2 was funded in this grant cycle and Phases 3-5 will be submitted for funding starting in 2011.

Project activities for Phase 2 include: 1) Educational program, meetings and educational events with lake association and Tomahawk High School students, written educational materials, news releases, and website updates; 2) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey; 3) Aquatic plant community and substrate mapping; 4) Water quality assessment; 5) Volunteer amphibian monitoring and angler survey; 6) Update LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Educational materials and news releases; 2) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 3) PI, water quality, amphibian, and angler data; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, news releases, any other educational materials/products, all data, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Knapp Creek Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
 
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
9/10/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
1179900 name Wisconsin River TMDL ID 530 Start Mile 268 End Mile 289.17
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Knapp Creek WatershedWatershed History Note