Watershed - Little Lake Butte des Morts (LF06)
Little Lake Butte des Morts Watershed

Details

The Little Lake Butte Des Morts (LLBDM) Watershed drains to the Fox River beginning at the outlet of Lake Winnebago (Neenah & Menasha dams) to where the Appleton dam is located, which holds back the Fox River to form the impoundment. The 44 square mile (113 square Kilometers) watershed includes many unnamed tributaries to the Fox River as well as one named stream, Neenah Slough. The Little Lake Butte des Morts Watershed was added to the Lower Fox River Basin in 1995, when the basin and watershed boundaries of the Upper & Lower Fox River basins were revised. Modifications were made to the boundaries to show correct drainage to Lake Winnebago and to the Lower Fox River Basin. The Little Lake Butte Des Morts ranked as a High priority for streams under the Nonpoint Source Pollution Abatement Program basin plan ranking process. The watershed's land area is almost entirely within Winnebago County with the remaining small percent in Calumet County. The watershed also includes the cities of Neenah, Menasha and the southern edge of Appleton. Many of the small, urbanized unnamed tributaries to LLBDM are severely impacted by stormwater runoff via storm sewers and direct runoff. Many industrial and municipal dischargers are located within the basin. Agriculture is the predominant land use in the outlying areas of the watershed. Many of the unnamed streams have been ditched and are heavily impacted by stormwater runoff. There are two municipal point source dischargers and 15 industrial point source dischargers in the Little Lake Butte des Morts Watershed: Grand Chute Menasha West, Neenah Menasha Sewerage Commission, American National Can Co. (2 facilities), Beloit Manhattan Inc., Galloway Co., James River Corp. (Fort-James) (2 facilities), Kimberly Clark Corp. (3 facilities), Mead Corp. Gilbert Paper Co., Menasha Electric & Water Utility, PH Glatfelter Co. Bergstrom Paper Div., US Papers Mills Menasha and Wis. Tissue Mills.

Date  1999

Ecological Landscapes for Little Lake Butte des Morts Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Southeast Glacial Plains Ecological Landscape makes up the bulk of the non-coastal land area in southeast Wisconsin. This Ecological Landscape is made up of glacial till plains and moraines. Most of this Ecological Landscape is composed of glacial materials deposited during the Wisconsin Ice Age, but the southwest portion consists of older, pre-Wisconsin till with a more dissected topography. Soils are lime-rich tills overlain in most areas by a silt-loam loess cap. Agricultural and residential interests throughout the landscape have significantly altered the historical vegetation. Most of the rare natural communities that remain are associated with large moraines or in areas where the Niagara Escarpment occurs close to the surface. Historically, vegetation in the Southeast Glacial Plains consisted of a mix of prairie, oak forests and savanna, and maple-basswood forests. Wet-mesic prairies, southern sedge meadows, emergent marshes, and calcareous fens were found in lower portions of the Landscape. End moraines and drumlins supported savannas and forests. Agricultural and urban land use practices have drastically changed the land cover of the Southeast Glacial Plains since Euro-American settlement. The current vegetation is primarily agricultural cropland. Remaining forests occupy only about 10% of the land area and consist of maple-basswood, lowland hardwoods, and oak. No large mesic forests exist today except on the Kettle Interlobate Moraine which has topography too rugged for agriculture. Some existing forest patches that were formerly savannas have succeeded to hardwood forest due to fire suppression.

Date  2010

Little Lake Butte des Morts Watershed At-a-Glance

Impaired Water in Little Lake Butte des Morts Watershed
River and Stream QualityAll Waters in Watershed

Silt and nutrients comprise the most abundant pollutants in this watershed. The major river channels are affected by siltation, which reduces the fish habitat and increases the severity of flooding. Little Lake Butte des Morts (LLBDM) is also affected by sedimentation and algal blooms. Sediments contaminated with PCBs in LLBDM is a large problem. Deposit "A", is located on the upstream (south) end of Little Lake Butte des Morts. The deposit is mapped to be 43 acres in size, averages 2-3 feet in thickness and contains 1500 pounds of PCBs (Turville-Heitz 1992). Remediation efforts are ongoing to remove the PCBs from the system. Refer to the Little Lake Butte des Morts narrative for detailed information on the remediation process. Routine fish monitoring identified high levels of PCB in fish from LLBDM. A Fish Consumption Advisory exists for LLBDM and the Lower Fox River. Additional monitoring will be conducted to determine trend levels of PCBs and mercury to update the Fish Consumption Advisory. Presently, the fish consumption advisory splits the Lower Fox River into two sections, Little Lake Butte des Morts to the De Pere dam and the De Pere dam to the mouth of the Fox River. Collections should continue to occur in both sections of the river. Walleye, northern pike, white bass, yellow perch, white perch, smallmouth bass, channel catfish and carp should be collected in the section of the Fox River from LLBDM to the De Pere dam. Walleye, northern pike, white sucker, white bass, white perch, yellow perch, smallmouth bass, channel catfish, carp and sheepshead should be collected from the De Pere dam to the mouth of the Fox River. Monitoring in the above two reaches of river will cover fish populations in watersheds LF06, LF04, LF03, LF02 and LF01. The last remnant of a northern pike spawning marsh is located along the inside (west side) of Streobe Island. Northern pike is an important predator species and this spawning marsh should be protected from future dredging or fill (Meyers, 1998).

Date  1999

Watershed Trout Streams
Watershed Outstanding & Exceptional Resources

Lakes and Impoundments

Impaired Waters

List of Impaired Waters
Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
10/5/2011
Waters Involved
Little Lake Butte Des Morts
Status
Complete

City Of Neenah: City Of Neenah-Arrowhead Park Rapid Respons: The City of Neenah proposes to control Phragmites within the city's Little Lake Butte des Morts Park property - Arrow Head Park. These control measures will take place during the period of 2011-2012. The project elements and deliverables are specified in the City of Neenah's Aquatic Invasive Emergency Response Grant application dated 9/14/11. The project includes conducting pre- and post-treatment monitoring. Results will be illustrated using GIS software andaerial photography. Herbicides will be used to control Phragmites.

Annual progress reports anda final report summarizing the project will be provided to DNR. Any publications produced as part of the project will incorporate the "Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers!" brand. If a consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR will be provided bothpapaer and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee's finaly payment request.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2007
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

Winnebago Lakes Council, Inc.: Winnebago Pool Lakes Outreach And Forum Development: The Winnebago Lakes Counsil proposes to hire an organization coordinator to support the following:

1. Newsletter development
2. Website development and maintenance
3. Issue summaries
4. Mining community information realative to board and membership development
5. Event planning, lake forums


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2007
Waters Involved
Menasha Channel
Status
Complete

Winnebago Lakes Council, Inc.: Winnebago Pool Lakes Outreach And Forum Development: The Winnebago Lakes Counsil proposes to hire an organization coordinator to support the following:

1. Newsletter development
2. Website development and maintenance
3. Issue summaries
4. Mining community information realative to board and membership development
5. Event planning, lake forums


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Planning
Date
8/10/2005
Waters Involved
Little Lake Butte Des Morts
Status
Complete

City Of Menasha: Sw Plan & Utility Implementation: To develop municipal runoff ordinances in compliance with Chapter NR151, map the area's drainage systems, develop a stormwater management plan, provide for public involvement & education, and examine options for dedicated revenue sources.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Planning
Date
1/1/2007
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Town Of Oshkosh: Winnebagoco Towns Planning: To cost-share development of storm water plans for the Winnebago County towns of Oshkosh, Neenah, Black Wolf & Vinland.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Little Lake Butte des Morts Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Biomonitoring/Toxicity Tests
Neenah Slough, N. Foundry WET
Date
Status
Neenah Slough at Neenah Foundry/Byrd Avenue Outfall.
7/1/2011
Proposed
Projects
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Winnebago
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW listed from pre-year 2000 FCA data
Date
Status
117900 name Lower Fox River (Depere Dam To Middle Appleton Dam) TMDL ID 150 Start Mile 7.39 End Mile 32.18
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW listed from pre-year 2000 FCA data
Date
Status
130800 name Neenah Slough TMDL ID 308 Start Mile 3.55 End Mile 6.12
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW listed from pre-year 2000 FCA data
Date
Status
130800 name Neenah Slough TMDL ID 308 Start Mile 0 End Mile 2.77
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW listed from pre-year 2000 FCA data
Date
Status
130800 name Neenah Slough TMDL ID 308 Start Mile 2.77 End Mile 3.54
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Targeted Watershed Area (TWA)
Neenah Slough and Mud Creek TWA
Date
Status
Neenah Slough and Mud Creek are highly impacted urban streams that are listed on the State's list of impaired waters for Total Phosphorous, Total Suspended Sediment, Chlorides, and PCBs. East District Biologists propose to monitor Mud Creek and Neenah Slough which will complete the assessments within the remaining two HUC 12's in the Lower Fox River Basin that have not had contemporary water quality data collected.
7/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Little Lake Butte des Morts WatershedWatershed History Note

Little Lake Butte des Morts is a lake in Winnebago County, eight miles north of Lake Butte Des Morts. It is part of the Fox-Wisconsin Waterway and receives its inflow from a short segment of the Fox River which drains from the north end of Lake Winnebago around Doty Island. The north end of Little Lake Butte des Morts becomes the section of the Fox River that flows into Green Bay. The southern half of the lake is located within the cities of Menasha and Neenah. The name "Butte des Morts" was given by French settlers and means "Hill of the Dead", in reference to a nearby Indian burial mound. French archives state that in 1716, over 8,000 civilians and over 500 soldiers lived within the fortified walls of Little Lake Butte des Morts. In 1716, during the Fox Wars, French expeditionary forces laid siege to the fort, in the battle of the Siege of Little Butte des Mortes. Most of the Native American inhabitants were massacred. Similar events occurred in another siege in 1730.

Date  2010