Watershed - Lower Yellow (Chippewa Co.) River (LC19)
Lower Yellow (Chippewa Co.) River Watershed

Details

The Yellow River has been split into two watersheds, an upper and lower portion. The Lower Yellow River watershed includes the streams draining to the Yellow River from Lake Wissota to Hay Creek, just west of the Chippewa/Taylor County border. Agriculture is the major land use in this watershed. There are some expansive wetland complexes. A study was completed in 1996 which quantified the impacts of the Yellow River watershed on Lake Wissota. Streams that were monitored for this study include: Stillson Creek, Lotz Creek, Little Drywood Creek, Big Drywood Creek, Paint Creek, South Fork Paint Creek, Pike Creek, Otter Creek and the Yellow River. The final report will be a site-specific water quality management plan for Lake Wissota and the Lower Yellow River watershed. The final report and recommendations should be considered as part of the overall water quality management plan for the Lower Chippewa River basin.

Date  1996

Ecological Landscapes for Lower Yellow (Chippewa Co.) River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Lower Yellow (Chippewa Co.) River Watershed is located in three ecological landscapes: the Western Coulee and Ridges, the Forest Transition and the North Central Forest. The Western Coulee and Ridges Ecological Landscape in southwestern and west central Wisconsin is characterized by its highly eroded, driftless topography and relatively extensive forested landscape. Soils are silt loams (loess) and sandy loams over sandstone residuum over dolomite. Several large rivers including the Wisconsin, Mississippi, Chippewa, Kickapoo and Black flow through or border the Ecological Landscape. Historical vegetation consisted of southern hardwood forests, oak savanna, scattered prairies, and floodplain forests and marshes along the major rivers. With Euro-American settlement, most of the land on ridgetops and valley bottoms was cleared of oak savanna, prairie, and level forest for agriculture. The steep slopes between valley bottom and ridgetop, unsuitable for raising crops, grew into oak-dominated forests after the ubiquitous presettlement wildfires were suppressed. Current vegetation is a mix of forest (40%), agriculture, and grassland with some wetlands in the river valleys. The primary forest cover is oak-hickory (51%) dominated by oak species and shagbark hickory. Maple-basswood forests (28%), dominated by sugar maple, basswood and red maple, are common in areas that were not subjected to repeated presettlement wildfires. Bottomland hardwoods (10%) are common in the valley bottoms of major rivers and are dominated by silver maple, ashes, elms, cottonwood, and red maple. Relict conifer forests including white pine, hemlock and yellow birch are a rarer natural community in the cooler, steep, north slope microclimates. The Forest Transition Ecological Landscape lies along the northern border of Wisconsin's Tension Zone, through the central and western part of the state, and supports both northern forests and agricultural areas. The central portion of the Forest Transition lies primarily on a glacial till plain deposited by glaciation between 25,000 and 790,000 years ago. The eastern and western portions are on moraines of the Wisconsin glaciation. The growing season in this part of the state is long enough that agriculture is viable, although climatic conditions are not as favorable as in southern Wisconsin. Soils are diverse, ranging from sandy loam to loam or shallow silt loam, and from poorly drained to well drained. The historic vegetation of the Forest Transition was primarily northern hardwood forest. These northern hardwoods were dominated by sugar maple and hemlock, and contained some yellow birch, red pine and white pine. Currently, over 60% of this Ecological Landscape is non-forested. Forested areas consist primarily of northern hardwoods and aspen, with smaller amounts of oak and lowland hardwoods. The eastern portion of the Ecological Landscape differs from the rest of the area in that it remains primarily forested, and includes some ecologically significant areas. Throughout the Ecological Landscape, small areas of conifer swamp are found near the headwaters of streams, and associated with lakes in kettle depressions on moraines. Ground flora show characteristics of both northern and southern Wisconsin, as this Ecological Landscape lies along the Tension Zone. The North Central Forest Ecological Landscape occupies much of the northern third of Wisconsin. Its landforms are characterized by end and ground moraines with some pitted outwash and bedrock controlled areas. Kettle depressions and steep ridges are found in the northern portion. Two prominent areas in this Ecological Landscape are the Penokee-Gogebic Iron Range in the north extending into Michigan, and Timm's Hill, the highest point in Wisconsin (1,951 feet) in the south. Soils consist of sandy loam, sand, and silts. The vegetation is mainly forest, with many wetlands and some agriculture, though the growing season is not as favorable as it is in southern Wisconsin. Lake Superior greatly influences the northern portion of the Ecological Landscape especially during the winter season, producing greater snowfall than in most areas in Wisconsin. The historic vegetation was primarily hemlock-hardwood forest dominated by hemlock, sugar maple, and yellow birch. There were some smaller areas of white and red pine forest scattered throughout the Ecological Landscape, and individual white pines trees were a component of the hemlock-hardwood forest. Harvesting hemlock to support the tanneries was common at the turn of the century, and the species soon became a minor component of forests due to over-harvesting and lack of regeneration. Currently, forests cover approximately 80% of this Ecological Landscape. The northern hardwood forest is dominant, made up of sugar maple, basswood, and red maple, and also including some scattered hemlock and white pine pockets within stands. The aspen-birch forest type group is also relatively abundant, followed by spruce-fir. A variety of wetland community types also are present, both forested and non-forested.

Date  2010

Wildlife and Habitat

The Green Faced Clubtail, a state special concern dragonfly, has been identified in the lower section of the Yellow River. This species requires clean, fast-moving streams, since the first phase of its life begins in water. The existence of this dragonfly indicates good water quality. Deterioration of water quality would harm this population.

Date  1996

Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
4/23/2007
Waters Involved
Chippewa Falls Flowage 5555
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Ewm '07: The Lake Wissota IPA proposes to treat 18 acres of Chippewa County's Lake Wissota for Eurasian Watermilfoil, to train volunteers for Clean Boats, Clean Waters outreach, and to prepare and distribute CBCW materials.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
5/4/2006
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Milfoil Response: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to chemically treat a monitor a new outbreak of Eurasion Watermilfoil on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County. Major project elements to include: 1) Chemical treatment, 2) Post application monitoring, 3) Information and Education.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
4/23/2007
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Ewm '07: The Lake Wissota IPA proposes to treat 18 acres of Chippewa County's Lake Wissota for Eurasian Watermilfoil, to train volunteers for Clean Boats, Clean Waters outreach, and to prepare and distribute CBCW materials.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
4/15/2008
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Ewm '08: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to contract for chemical treatment of Eurasian Watermilfoil, and to conduct volunteer AIS monitoring on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
5/1/2009
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Ewm '09: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to continue with its effort to control pioneer infestations of Eurasian Watermilfoil at six sites on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County. Major project elements to include: 1) Contract for chemical treatment of 20 approx. acres, 2) Volunteer AIS monitoring and project coordination.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
5/4/2006
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Milfoil Response: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to chemically treat a monitor a new outbreak of Eurasion Watermilfoil on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County. Major project elements to include: 1) Chemical treatment, 2) Post application monitoring, 3) Information and Education.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
4/23/2007
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Ewm '07: The Lake Wissota IPA proposes to treat 18 acres of Chippewa County's Lake Wissota for Eurasian Watermilfoil, to train volunteers for Clean Boats, Clean Waters outreach, and to prepare and distribute CBCW materials.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
4/15/2008
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Ewm '08: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to contract for chemical treatment of Eurasian Watermilfoil, and to conduct volunteer AIS monitoring on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
5/1/2009
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Ewm '09: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to continue with its effort to control pioneer infestations of Eurasian Watermilfoil at six sites on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County. Major project elements to include: 1) Contract for chemical treatment of 20 approx. acres, 2) Volunteer AIS monitoring and project coordination.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
4/15/2008
Waters Involved
Yellow River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Ewm '08: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to contract for chemical treatment of Eurasian Watermilfoil, and to conduct volunteer AIS monitoring on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
5/1/2009
Waters Involved
Yellow River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Ewm '09: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to continue with its effort to control pioneer infestations of Eurasian Watermilfoil at six sites on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County. Major project elements to include: 1) Contract for chemical treatment of 20 approx. acres, 2) Volunteer AIS monitoring and project coordination.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
4/1/2008
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Apm Plan-Cbcw: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to develop and implement an aquatic plant management plan on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County. Major project elements to include: 1) review of existing data, 2) lake mapping, 3) plan development, 4) public meeting, 5) development of web site and other outreach tools, 6) Clean Boats, Clean Water monitoring.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
4/1/2008
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Apm Plan-Cbcw: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to develop and implement an aquatic plant management plan on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County. Major project elements to include: 1) review of existing data, 2) lake mapping, 3) plan development, 4) public meeting, 5) development of web site and other outreach tools, 6) Clean Boats, Clean Water monitoring.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
4/1/2008
Waters Involved
Yellow River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Apm Plan-Cbcw: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to develop and implement an aquatic plant management plan on Lake Wissota in Chippewa County. Major project elements to include: 1) review of existing data, 2) lake mapping, 3) plan development, 4) public meeting, 5) development of web site and other outreach tools, 6) Clean Boats, Clean Water monitoring.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Research Grant
Date
4/1/2012
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Golden Sands Rc&D: Weevil Rearing 2&3: Golden Sands RC&D proposes to continue it Milfoil Weevil Mass Rearing Study, building on past work on the Holcombe Flowage in Rusk and Chippewa Counties, and expanding its studies to Perch Lake Wissota in St. Croix County, and the Minong Flowage in Douglas and Washburn Counties. Major project elements to include: 1) Volunteer group training, 2) Weevil acquisition, rearing, and release 3) Sample collection and analysis, 4) development of a comprehensive biological control manual, and 5) Final report.


Grant Details
Clean Boats, Clean Waters
Date
2/15/2017
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Chippewa Rod And Gun Club, Inc: Chippewa Rod And Gun Club, Inc 2017 Cbcw: Chippewa Rod And Gun Club, Inc is sponsoring a Clean Boats Clean Waters project in 2017 at 1 single public boat landings and 0 public boat landing pairs on LAKE WISSOTA.


Grant Details
Clean Boats, Clean Waters
Date
2/15/2017
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Chippewa Rod And Gun Club, Inc: Chippewa Rod And Gun Club, Inc 2017 Cbcw: Chippewa Rod And Gun Club, Inc is sponsoring a Clean Boats Clean Waters project in 2017 at 1 single public boat landings and 0 public boat landing pairs on LAKE WISSOTA.


Grant Details
Clean Boats, Clean Waters
Date
2/15/2017
Waters Involved
Yellow River
Status
Complete

Chippewa Rod And Gun Club, Inc: Chippewa Rod And Gun Club, Inc 2017 Cbcw: Chippewa Rod And Gun Club, Inc is sponsoring a Clean Boats Clean Waters project in 2017 at 1 single public boat landings and 0 public boat landing pairs on LAKE WISSOTA.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2008
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Chippewa County Land Conservation Dept: Little Wissota Nutrients: The Chippewa County Land Conservation Department proposes to conduct a study of soil chemistry and hydrological characteristics within the Little Lake Wissota watershed in Chippewa County, and to identify land owners who may be interested in restoring buffers and wetland functions on their properties. Major project elements to include: 1) Outreach to land owners, 2) Soil sampling and analysis.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2009
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Macro-Invert. Assess 1: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to document the response of the benthic invertebrate community in Lake Wissota in Chippewa County since changes have been incorporated into the lake's winter drawdown regimen, and to document the value of critical habitat areas as fish and wildlife food sources. Major project elements to include: 1) collection of samples, 2) sample study and species identification, 3) documentation of sample results in database, 4) journal publication of study results, 5) final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2009
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Macro-Invert. Assess 2: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to document the response of the benthic invertebrate community in Lake Wissota in Chippewa County since changes have been incorporated into the lake's winter drawdown regimen, and to document the value of critical habitat areas as fish and wildlife food sources. Major project elements to include: 1) collection of samples, 2) sample study and species identification, 3) documentation of sample results in database, 4) journal publication of study results, 5) final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/16/1991
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Chippewa County Land Conservation Dept: Lake Wissota Land Use Assessment And Bathymetric Map: Conduct watershed land use and nonpoint source pollution assessment for the Lower Yellow River watershed using remote sensing.Develop new bathymetric map of the lake and comparing it to 1940 map to identify areas and amounts of sedimentation which has occurred since 1940.Hold public informational meetings during all phases of study to gather comments on management recommendations.Disseminate project information to the public by public meeting. 12/19/96 Variance Approval to consider $1,075 of project costs eligible for reimbursement under LPL-197.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/28/1993
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Chippewa County Land Conservation Dept: Lake Wissotat Nonpoint Pollution Assessment & Land Use Study: Conduct an assessment of land use in the watershed. Identify areas of high soil erosion. Prepare water budgets for Moon Bay and Little Lake Wissota. Conduct an animal waste assessment to estimate annual phosphorus loading from barnyards in thewatershed, divided into subbasin. Complete stream corridor inventory and estimate sediment load by subbasin. Determine areas of watershed where appropriate nonpoint source controls would be effective in reducing nutrient loading to the lake.Information will be disseminated to the public by local newspaper articles, report mailings and public meetings. Project results will reposited at Chippeaw Falls Library. 12/19/96 Variance Approval to consider $1,075 of project costs occuring during phase 1 (LPL-035) eligible for reimbursement under LPL-197.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2002
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Taylor County: Lake Wissota/ Rice Lake Watershed Land Use Inventory: Taylor county proposes to collect land use information form landowners in both the Uppper Yellow River watershed and the Rice Lake watershed to be incorporated into Surface Water Assessment Tool land use models. The project activities include: 1) Hydrological budget and evaluation of external loadings, 2) Evaluations of internal loadings from sediments in Little Wissota and Moon Bay embayments of Lake Wissota, and 3) Reporting.

he findings of this study will be disseminated to the public through a report and the information will be included in the SWAT land use model. The DNR will be provided with both a paper and electronic copy of the final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2005
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Friends Of Beaver Creek Reserve, Inc.: Wissota Drawdown Recovery: Friends of the Beaver Creek Reserve, working in cooperation with the Citizen Science Center and DNR WCR staff, propose to resurvey aquatic plant life in Lake Wissota, in Chippewa County, to assess the lake's recovery from the annual drawdown regimen implemented by the Northern States Power Company through the late 1900s. Major project elements to include: 1) Aquatic plant survey, 2) data analysis, 3) report development. Results of the project to be shared with project partners, local town boards, participants at the 2006 Chippewa Valley Environmental Forum and an applicable peer review journal. (add std plan, report language).


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2008
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Chippewa County Land Conservation Dept: Little Wissota Nutrients: The Chippewa County Land Conservation Department proposes to conduct a study of soil chemistry and hydrological characteristics within the Little Lake Wissota watershed in Chippewa County, and to identify land owners who may be interested in restoring buffers and wetland functions on their properties. Major project elements to include: 1) Outreach to land owners, 2) Soil sampling and analysis.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2009
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Macro-Invert. Assess 1: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to document the response of the benthic invertebrate community in Lake Wissota in Chippewa County since changes have been incorporated into the lake's winter drawdown regimen, and to document the value of critical habitat areas as fish and wildlife food sources. Major project elements to include: 1) collection of samples, 2) sample study and species identification, 3) documentation of sample results in database, 4) journal publication of study results, 5) final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2009
Waters Involved
Lake Wissota
Status
Complete

Lake Wissota Improvement And Protection Asso: Wissota Macro-Invert. Assess 2: The Lake Wissota Improvement and Protection Association proposes to document the response of the benthic invertebrate community in Lake Wissota in Chippewa County since changes have been incorporated into the lake's winter drawdown regimen, and to document the value of critical habitat areas as fish and wildlife food sources. Major project elements to include: 1) collection of samples, 2) sample study and species identification, 3) documentation of sample results in database, 4) journal publication of study results, 5) final report.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Planning
Date
1/1/2004
Waters Involved
Yellow River
Status
Complete

Chippewa County Land Conservation Dept: Joint Storm Water Planning Project: to costshare at 70% development of a joint stormwater management program for participating towns


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Lower Yellow (Chippewa Co.) River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Chippewa
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Monitor biology on WBIC: 2156300
Date
Status
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Coldwater Creek, WBIC: 2156300, AU:18847
5/21/2016
Proposed
 
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Monitor biology on WBIC: 2156800
Date
Status
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Otter Creek, WBIC: 2156800, AU:16196
5/21/2016
Proposed
 
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Monitor biology on WBIC: 2155000
Date
Status
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Chap Creek, WBIC: 2155000, AU:18845
5/21/2016
Proposed
 
TMDL Implementation
Little Lake Wissota TMDL
Date
Status
Little Lake Wissota (South Bay on Lake Wissota) Listed for pH, eutrophication (sediment and total phosphorus). TMDL submitted to USEPA for approval in 2010..
11/24/2010
In Progress
 
Wastewater Monitoring, Management
 
Date
Status
Wastewater Management and WRM should reexamine the effluent limits for the Cadott wastewater treatment plant once ammonia standards and policies are revised (Type B).
1/1/2010
Proposed
 
Lower Yellow (Chippewa Co.) River WatershedWatershed History Note

The Village of Cadott is located in the Lower Yellow River watershed in Chippewa County, and has the distinction of being geographically halfway between the Equator and the North Pole. Originally named "Cadotte Falls", it was founded in 1875 by Robert Mariner. Mariner named it after Jean Baptiste Cadotte, son of French Canadian fur trader Michel Cadotte in the Madeline Island area. Cadotte established a trading post on the Yellow River north of Cadott. North of Cadott, an influx of Czech people settled. Some came to America to escape religious, political or military oppression. Some came for land ownership and economic opportunity. Once in America, it was important to the Czech immigrants to settle close together to preserve their ethnic identity and culture and to support and protect their families. To that end, fraternal organizations were formed and a Bohemian Hall was constructed for meetings and activities. There is also the Bohemian National Cemetery, which is the final resting place for many of the Cadott area’s pioneer Czech settlers and their descendents. The cemetery is still in use today.

Date  2010