Watershed - South Fork Eau Claire River (LC16)
South Fork Eau Claire River Watershed

Details

Low-gradient warm water streams abound in ths watershed. Only Black, Dickison, Horse, and Scott Creeks are classified as trout waters. Mead Lake is the largest impoundment in the South Fork of the Eau Claire River watershed. This lake has been designated as a priority lakes project to begin in 1996. The watershed upstream of the Mead Lake dam is targeted for implementation of practices to control sources of polluted runoff. The southern half of this watershed is primarily county forest, while the northern half is used for agriculture.

Date  1996

Ecological Landscapes for South Fork Eau Claire River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The South Fork Eau Claire River Watershed is located in two ecological landscapes: the Forest Transition and the Central Sand Plains. The Forest Transition Ecological Landscape lies along the northern border of Wisconsin's Tension Zone, through the central and western part of the state, and supports both northern forests and agricultural areas. The central portion of the Forest Transition lies primarily on a glacial till plain deposited by glaciation between 25,000 and 790,000 years ago. The eastern and western portions are on moraines of the Wisconsin glaciation. The growing season in this part of the state is long enough that agriculture is viable, although climatic conditions are not as favorable as in southern Wisconsin. Soils are diverse, ranging from sandy loam to loam or shallow silt loam, and from poorly drained to well drained. The historic vegetation of the Forest Transition was primarily northern hardwood forest. These northern hardwoods were dominated by sugar maple and hemlock, and contained some yellow birch, red pine and white pine. Currently, over 60% of this Ecological Landscape is non-forested. Forested areas consist primarily of northern hardwoods and aspen, with smaller amounts of oak and lowland hardwoods. The eastern portion of the Ecological Landscape differs from the rest of the area in that it remains primarily forested, and includes some ecologically significant areas. Throughout the Ecological Landscape, small areas of conifer swamp are found near the headwaters of streams, and associated with lakes in kettle depressions on moraines. Ground flora show characteristics of both northern and southern Wisconsin, as this Ecological Landscape lies along the Tension Zone. The Central Sand Plains Ecological Landscape, located in central Wisconsin, occurs on a flat, sandy lake plain, and supports agriculture, forestry, recreation, and wildlife management. The Ecological Landscape formed in and around what was once Glacial Lake Wisconsin, which contained glacial meltwater extending over 1.1 million acres at its highest stage. Soils are primarily sandy lake deposits, some with silt-loam loess caps. Sandstone buttes carved by rapid drainage of the glacial lake, or by wave action when they existed as islands in the lake, are distinctive features of this landscape. The historic vegetation of the area included extensive wetlands of many types, including open bogs, shrub swamps, and sedge meadows. Prairies, oak forests, savannas and barrens also occurred in the Ecological Landscape. An area of more mesic forest with white pine and hemlock was found in the northwest portion, including a significant pinery in eastern Jackson County. Today, nearly half of the Ecological Landscape is nonforested, in agriculture and grassland. Most of the historic wetlands were drained early in the 1900s and are now used for vegetable cropping. The forested portion is mostly oak-dominated forest, followed by aspen and pines. A minor portion is maple-basswood forest and lowland hardwoods.

Date  2010

Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
10/1/2011
Waters Involved
Mead Lake
Status
Complete

Friends Of Beaver Creek Reserve, Inc.: Beaver Creek Cbcw-Monitor 2: The Friends of Beaver Creek Reserve (BCR), in conjunction with BCR's Citizen Science Center (CSC), proposes to continue coordination of Clean Boats, Clean Waters (CBCW) outreach and monitoring at boat landings on 18 lakes and the St. Croix River in Chippewa, Clark, Dunn, Eau Claire and St. Croix Counties. Key project elements to include: 1) Funding for Regional AIS Coordinator, CSC Director, and four Watercraft inspector positions; 2) Travel and registration costs associated with staff training and CBCW activities; 3) Outreach to lake associations and garden centers; 4) Other outreach events and signage; 5) Water access inventory, and 6) Rearing Purple Loosestrife Beetles.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
1/3/1991
Waters Involved
Mead Lake
Status
Complete

Mead Lake Club Limited: Mead Lake Usgs Water Quality Monitoring: Water quality sampling at two sites by the U.S. Geological Survey for 1991 through 1995. Sampling parameters are as described in table 1 and the project description of the application with the following modifications; - fecal coliform bacteria samplingto be performed twice a month during the summer sampling period, - spring turnover parameter list should delete Cl, Ca, Na, K, Mn, and SO4 if necessary, to compensate for the bacteria analyses. An annual progress report is to be submitted at the end ofeach year of sampling. Project includes preparation of a final report and formal presentation to the public in 1995. Data reporting format to be worked out in consultation with Buzz Sorge, DNR District contact. Project results will be reposited at theTown of Mead Town Hall and Will's Gas Company.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1996
Waters Involved
Mead Lake
Status
Complete

Clark County: Mead Lake Sanitary Survey: Clark County proposes to survey approximately 129 septic system sites around Mead Lake to determine each systems compliance with state codes. A final report will be prepared including the survey results. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. Information about the project's results will be disseminated to the public by entire report mailing, public meeting, and local newspaper article.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2001
Waters Involved
Mead Lake
Status
Complete

Clark County Land Conservation Committee: Mead Lake Watershed Land Use Inventory And Modeling: In an attempt to define the source of nutrients into Mead Lake, the Clark County Land Conservation Department, in conjunction with Water Resources Management Staff in the WCR DNR office, propose to implement a river basin computer model called the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). It is the intent of this grant application to obtain additional funding to conduct:
1) a field by field land use and management inventory
2) input data into the SWAT model
3) predict nutrient sources to Mead Lake


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2002
Waters Involved
Mead Lake
Status
Complete

Clark County Land Conservation Committee: Mead Lake Aquatic Ecosystem Assessment- Phase 1, Task 1&2: Clark County proposes to do a study on Mead Lake that examines water qualitiy conditions and nutrient fluxes from tributary inflows and the sediment.

Project activities include: 1) External loading-water sampling, and 2) Internal loading.

The Department wil be provided with both a paper and electronic copy of the final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2002
Waters Involved
Mead Lake
Status
Complete

Clark County Land Conservation Committee: Mead Lake Aquatic Ecosystem Assessment- Phase 2, Tasks 3&4: Clark County proposes to do a study on Mead Lake that examines water qualitiy conditions and nutrient fluxes from tributary inflows and the sediment.

Project activities include: 1) In-lake monitoring, 2) Research the impacts of macrophytes on pH and sediment phospherous release.

The Department will be provided with both a paper copy and electronic copy of the report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2002
Waters Involved
Mead Lake
Status
Complete

Clark County Land Conservation Committee: Mead Lake Limnological Analysis - Grant 3, Tasks 1 & 3: Overall objectives of this investigation are to examine water quality conditions and nutrient fluxes from tributary inflows and the sediment. In particular, the relative importance of various internal and external nutrient loadings will be evaluated in relation to water quality conditions and phytoplankton biomass in the lake. Information from this study will be used by WI DNR to determine Total Daily Maximum Load for this aquatic system.
Task 1: External Loading
Task 3: In-Lake Monitoring

The DNR will be provided with both an electronic and paper copy of the report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2002
Waters Involved
Mead Lake
Status
Complete

Clark County Land Conservation Committee: Mead Lake Limnological Analysis Grant 4, Tasks 3 & 5: The overall objectives of this investigatioin are to examine water quality conditions and nutrient fluxes from tributary inflows and the sediment. In particular, the relative importance of various internal and external nutrient loadings will be evaluated in relation to water quality conditions and phytoplankton biomass in the lake. Information from this study will be used by the WI DNR to determine a Total Daily Maximum Load for this aquatic system.
Task 3: In-Lake Monitoring
Task 5: Impacts of macrophytes on pH and sediment P release

The DNR will be provided with both an electronic and paper copy of the report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2009
Waters Involved
Mead Lake
Status
Complete

Clark County Land Conservation Dept: Mead Tmdl Implementation: The Clark Co. Land Conservation Dept., in cooperation with the Mead Lake Watershed Stakeholder Leadership Team (SLT), proposes to pursue changes within the watershed to reduce phosphorus loading in Mead Lake in Clark County to levels identified in a recent Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) study. Major project elements to include: a) Watershed survey and social marketing study, b) Development of Lake Management Plan.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2009
Waters Involved
South Fork Eau Claire River
Status
Complete

Clark County Land Conservation Dept: Mead Tmdl Implementation: The Clark Co. Land Conservation Dept., in cooperation with the Mead Lake Watershed Stakeholder Leadership Team (SLT), proposes to pursue changes within the watershed to reduce phosphorus loading in Mead Lake in Clark County to levels identified in a recent Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) study. Major project elements to include: a) Watershed survey and social marketing study, b) Development of Lake Management Plan.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

South Fork Eau Claire River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Engage Volunteers in Monitoring/Restoration
 
Date
Status
Volunteer monitoring lake water quality and invasive species should be established at Chapman Lake.
7/30/2010
Proposed
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Clark
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
10/28/2011
Proposed
Projects
 
Restore Wetlands
 
Date
Status
Mead Lake
10/1/2007
Proposed
 
South Fork Eau Claire River WatershedWatershed History Note