Watershed - Black and Hay Creeks (LC15)
Black and Hay Creeks Watershed

Details

The Black and Hay Creeks watershed is located primarily in Eau Claire County, but also in parts of Chippewa, Clark and Jackson Counties. The watershed is approximatley 102,328 acres in size and consists of 289 miles of streams and rivers, 1,005 acres of lakes and 19,248 acres of wetlands. The watershed is dominated by forests (49%) and agriculture (21%) and is ranked medium for nonpoint source issues affecting groundwater.

Date  2010

Ecological Landscapes for Black and Hay Creeks Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Black Hay Creek Watershed is located primarily in two ecological landscapes: the Forest Transition and the Central Sand Plains. The Forest Transition Ecological Landscape lies along the northern border of Wisconsin's Tension Zone, through the central and western part of the state, and supports both northern forests and agricultural areas. The central portion of the Forest Transition lies primarily on a glacial till plain deposited by glaciation between 25,000 and 790,000 years ago. The eastern and western portions are on moraines of the Wisconsin glaciation. The growing season in this part of the state is long enough that agriculture is viable, although climatic conditions are not as favorable as in southern Wisconsin. Soils are diverse, ranging from sandy loam to loam or shallow silt loam, and from poorly drained to well drained. The historic vegetation of the Forest Transition was primarily northern hardwood forest. These northern hardwoods were dominated by sugar maple and hemlock, and contained some yellow birch, red pine and white pine. Currently, over 60% of this Ecological Landscape is non-forested. Forested areas consist primarily of northern hardwoods and aspen, with smaller amounts of oak and lowland hardwoods. The eastern portion of the Ecological Landscape differs from the rest of the area in that it remains primarily forested, and includes some ecologically significant areas. Throughout the Ecological Landscape, small areas of conifer swamp are found near the headwaters of streams, and associated with lakes in kettle depressions on moraines. Ground flora show characteristics of both northern and southern Wisconsin, as this Ecological Landscape lies along the Tension Zone. The Central Sand Plains Ecological Landscape, located in central Wisconsin, occurs on a flat, sandy lake plain, and supports agriculture, forestry, recreation, and wildlife management. The Ecological Landscape formed in and around what was once Glacial Lake Wisconsin, which contained glacial meltwater extending over 1.1 million acres at its highest stage. Soils are primarily sandy lake deposits, some with silt-loam loess caps. Sandstone buttes carved by rapid drainage of the glacial lake, or by wave action when they existed as islands in the lake, are distinctive features of this landscape. The historic vegetation of the area included extensive wetlands of many types, including open bogs, shrub swamps, and sedge meadows. Prairies, oak forests, savannas and barrens also occurred in the Ecological Landscape. An area of more mesic forest with white pine and hemlock was found in the northwest portion, including a significant pinery in eastern Jackson County. Today, nearly half of the Ecological Landscape is nonforested, in agriculture and grassland. Most of the historic wetlands were drained early in the 1900s and are now used for vegetable cropping. The forested portion is mostly oak-dominated forest, followed by aspen and pines. A minor portion is maple-basswood forest and lowland hardwoods.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2005
Waters Involved
Coon Fk Creek
Status
Complete

Clark County Land Conservation Committee: Lmi-Coon Fork Watershed Bmps: Clark County proposes to contact riparian property owners within its portion of the Coon Fork Lake watershed and offer to design and cost-share on management practices that will reduce non-point source run-off into the impoundment. Major project elements include: 1) Land owner contacts, 2) BMP design and establishment of cost-share agreements, 3) BMP installation, 4) Information/Education.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2005
Waters Involved
Coon Fork Flowage
Status
Complete

Clark County Land Conservation Committee: Lmi-Coon Fork Watershed Bmps: Clark County proposes to contact riparian property owners within its portion of the Coon Fork Lake watershed and offer to design and cost-share on management practices that will reduce non-point source run-off into the impoundment. Major project elements include: 1) Land owner contacts, 2) BMP design and establishment of cost-share agreements, 3) BMP installation, 4) Information/Education.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Eau Claire County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: 1. The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2012
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Eau Claire Association, Inc.: Lmi-Lake Eau Claire Implement.: The Lake Eau Claire Association proposes to implement practices called for in the lake management plan developed for Lake Eau Claire in Eau Claire County. Major project elements to include: a) establishment of sediment traps, b) installation of aerator, c) re-establishment of habitat including course woody debris d) water quality sampling and analysis.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Eau Claire River
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Eau Claire County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: 1. The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Eau Claire County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: 1. The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1996
Waters Involved
Coon Fork Flowage
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Coon Fork Lake Watershed Inventory And Management Plan: Eau Claire County proposes to develop a watershed management plan for Coon Fork Lake. Project activities include compiling existing water quality data into a central database, inventorying the watershed, setting water quality objectives, and identifying implementation strategies to address the lake's needs. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the lake watershed management plan. The project results will be disseminated to the public by fact sheet distribution, public meeting, local newspaper articles, TV/Radio spots, and the lake watershed management plan.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
9/29/1995
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Eau Claire Association, Inc.: Lake Eau Claire Restoration Feasibility Study: Perform a lake restoration feasibility study that results in a plan and addresses the following: dredging channels in Hay and Muskrat Creek estuaries to restore boat access, reopening channels in the eastern protion of the lake where sloughs and backwaters used to be accessible, dredging out access to the southeast boat landing, and similar activities that could be accomplished over the next 20 years. The study should include:
1. An estimate of the amount of material to be removed from the lake bed.
2. Location of appropriatye disposal sites for the removed material.
3. An estimate of design costs of sand and silt traps and the means to maintain them.
4. An estimate of costs of the initial restoration of the lake bed and the construction of the sand and silt traps.
5. An estimate of maintenance costs and future restoration costs.
6. An analysis of financial assistance programs that may be available to support planned restoration activities.
7. An update of the contour map of the lake.
Prepare a final report summarizing the results of the above tasks.
Disseminate information on the project results to the public by newsletter, fact sheet distribution, entire report mailing, public meeting, summary report mailing, newpaper article, tv/radio spots, and poster display. Amendment 1: Delete: Prepare a final report summarizing the results of the above tasks. Add: Prepare a draft report of the assessment of the situation to be managed.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1996
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Eau Claire Association, Inc.: Eau Claire Lake Dredging Feasibility Study - Phase 2: The Lake Eau Claire Association proposes to conduct a feasibility study to detail the options available for sediment management, including dredging, on Lake Eau Claire. This grant award covers project activities that occur after November 1, 1996. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. Information about the project results will be disseminated to the public by newsletter mailing, fact sheet distribution, entire report mailing, public meeting, and local newspaper article.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
9/1/1997
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Lake Eau Claire Water Quality Study Task 3 Of 3: Eau Claire County, Land Conservation Division, proposes to conduct a complete evaluation of nutrient loading and water quality study on Lake Eau Claire. The County will enter a partnership involving, Lake Eau Claire Association, Augusta High School Biology Class and the Army Corp of Engineers. This part of the overall three phase project will describe the overall results of the studies and an interpretation of all the data. The following will be included in the report; water quality trends, variations in loading, trophic state index evaluation, and nutrient/seston budgetary information. Also included in the final report will be a modeling evaluation of the impacts of P loading reduction scenarios on chlorophyll a concentrations in Lake Eau Claire. The model used will be BATHTUB (Walker 1987). The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. The project results will be disseminated to the public by fact sheets distribution, public meetings, local newspaper articles, TV/radio spots and a poster display.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
9/1/1997
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Lake Eau Claire Water Quality Study Task Ii: Eau Claire County, Land Conservation Division, proposes to conduct an evaluation of internal nutrient loading and water quality study on Lake Eau Claire. Eau County will enter a partnership involving, Lake Eau Claire Association, August High School Biology Class and the Army Corp of Engineers.In-lake stations will be monitored biweekly during ice-free conditions, with samples taken at 1 meter intervals between the surface and the bottom. Phytoplankton samples will also be taken once a month. In-lake samples and sediment core sample will be studied in detail for phosphorous as stated in the application. This is task two of a three part task. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. The project results will be disseminated to the public by fact sheet distribution, public meetings, local newspaper articles, TV/radio spots, and a poster display.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1997
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Lake Eau Claire Loadings Task I: Eau Claire County, Land Conservation Division, proposes to conduct
an evaluation of external loadings, discharges and water quality study on Lake Eau Claire. Eau Claire County will enter a partnership involving, Lake Eau Claire Association, August High School Biology Class, and the Army Corp of Engineers. Records of inflows from the Eau Claire River and tributaries and outflows, will be combined with precipitation and lake level records to construct hydrologic and nutrient/susended seston loading budgets for Lake Eau Claire. Loadings will be used for modeling analysis ( Walker 1987). This is task one of a three part task that will need all three part to complete and make the final report. Any payment requests other than the advance payment will need regional sign off and approval.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2004
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Eau Claire Lake Study #1 (Model): Eau Claire County proposes to contract with the Army Corps of Engineers to conduct a hydraulic and thermal study of Eau Claire Lake. Major elements to include 1) review of existing bathymetric lake map, tributary flow and temperature data and corresponding meteorological data, 2) development of two dimensional reservoir thermal and hydraulic simulation model. Information to be used in final report to be shared with the public via Lake Association Newsletter and meetings.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2004
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Eau Claire Lake Study #2 (Report): Eau Claire County proposes to contract with the Army Corps of Engineers for completion of a final report on a two dimensional reservoir thermal and hydraulic simulation model that will be used to consider alternate scenarios for directing the outflow from Lake Eau Claire. Major project elements to include 1) data analysis, and 2) final report. The report will be shared with the public via the Eau Claire Lake Association newsletter, and through association meetings.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2006
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Eau Claire/Altoona Swat: The Eau Claire County Land Conservation Division proposes to coordinate a Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) study in the Lake Eau Claire watershed to evaluate the impact of land management decisions on water quality in Lake Eau Claire and Altoona. Major project elements to include: 1) Data collection, 2) Data analysis, 3) Final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2008
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Eau Claire Lake Plan: The Eau Claire County Land Conservation Division, in conjunction with the Lake Eau Claire District and Association, Beaver Creek Reserve Citizen Science Center and other partners, proposes to develop a lake management plan for Lake Eau Claire in Eau Claire County. Major project elements to include: 1) compilation of existing watershed modeling, other studies and surveys, 2) socialogical survey of watershed residents, 3) Sensitive area, critical resource surveys, 4) Development of lake management plan.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2006
Waters Involved
Eau Claire River
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Eau Claire/Altoona Swat: The Eau Claire County Land Conservation Division proposes to coordinate a Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) study in the Lake Eau Claire watershed to evaluate the impact of land management decisions on water quality in Lake Eau Claire and Altoona. Major project elements to include: 1) Data collection, 2) Data analysis, 3) Final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2008
Waters Involved
Eau Claire River
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Eau Claire Lake Plan: The Eau Claire County Land Conservation Division, in conjunction with the Lake Eau Claire District and Association, Beaver Creek Reserve Citizen Science Center and other partners, proposes to develop a lake management plan for Lake Eau Claire in Eau Claire County. Major project elements to include: 1) compilation of existing watershed modeling, other studies and surveys, 2) socialogical survey of watershed residents, 3) Sensitive area, critical resource surveys, 4) Development of lake management plan.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2006
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Eau Claire/Altoona Swat: The Eau Claire County Land Conservation Division proposes to coordinate a Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) study in the Lake Eau Claire watershed to evaluate the impact of land management decisions on water quality in Lake Eau Claire and Altoona. Major project elements to include: 1) Data collection, 2) Data analysis, 3) Final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2008
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Eau Claire County: Eau Claire Lake Plan: The Eau Claire County Land Conservation Division, in conjunction with the Lake Eau Claire District and Association, Beaver Creek Reserve Citizen Science Center and other partners, proposes to develop a lake management plan for Lake Eau Claire in Eau Claire County. Major project elements to include: 1) compilation of existing watershed modeling, other studies and surveys, 2) socialogical survey of watershed residents, 3) Sensitive area, critical resource surveys, 4) Development of lake management plan.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2007
Waters Involved
Eau Claire Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Eau Claire Association, Inc.: Eau Claire Map: The Lake Eau Claire Association proposes to update its Bathymetric map of Lake Eau Claire in Eau Claire County, last updated in 1993. Major project elements to include: 1) Data collection, 2) Map development 3) Map printing and distribution.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2007
Waters Involved
Eau Claire River
Status
Complete

Lake Eau Claire Association, Inc.: Eau Claire Map: The Lake Eau Claire Association proposes to update its Bathymetric map of Lake Eau Claire in Eau Claire County, last updated in 1993. Major project elements to include: 1) Data collection, 2) Map development 3) Map printing and distribution.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2007
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Lake Eau Claire Association, Inc.: Eau Claire Map: The Lake Eau Claire Association proposes to update its Bathymetric map of Lake Eau Claire in Eau Claire County, last updated in 1993. Major project elements to include: 1) Data collection, 2) Map development 3) Map printing and distribution.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Black and Hay Creeks Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Jackson
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Clark
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Chippewa
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Monitor biology on WBIC: 5013091
Date
Status
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Unnamed, WBIC: 5013091, AU:5736198
5/21/2016
Proposed
 
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Monitor biology on WBIC: 5013053
Date
Status
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Unnamed, WBIC: 5013053, AU:5736155
5/21/2016
Proposed
 
Black and Hay Creeks WatershedWatershed History Note

Fairchild is a village in Eau Claire County in the Black and Hay Creeks watershed. The community was named after the tenth governor of Wisconsin - Lucius Fairchild. Lucius Fairchild was born in 1831 in Ohio and enlisted in the Wisconsin volunteer infantry in 1861. He served in the famed Iron Brigade and rose through the ranks to colonel of the 2nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. At the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863, he was wounded in the first day’s fighting and lost his left arm. He was later promoted to Brigadier General before being mustered out of the service. From 1864 to 1866, Fairchild was the Secretary of State in Wisconsin and then was elected governor of Wisconsin for three terms from 1866 to 1872. After his time as governor, Fairchild was appointed U.S. consul in Liverpool, England in 1871 and then consul general in Paris. From 1880 to 1881, Fairchild was Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain. He died in 1896 at the age of 64 and is buried in Forest Hill Cemetery in Madison, Wisconsin

Date  2010