Watershed - Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers (GB15)
Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed

Details

The Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed is situated in northeastern Marinette and southeastern Florence counties and includes 53 miles of the Menominee River. Also found in this watershed are the Pemebonwon and North Branch Pemebonwon rivers. Soils in the watershed are principally derived from weathering glacial deposits and consist primarily of well-drained sands. Aurora Sanitary District, the village of Niagara, Niagara of Wisconsin Paper Company. the Pembine Laundromat and ISP Minerals are point source dischargers in the watershed. Champion International Paper Company in Michigan also discharges to the Menominee River. This watershed provides ample opportunities for recreation and an abundant and diverse fishery exists. White water rafting is popular on the Menominee River in the Piers Gorge area between Niagara, WI and Norway, MI, with sightseeing popular at Horserace Rapids, Piers Gorge, Long Slide Falls and Smalley Falls.

Date  2011

Population, Land Use

Land use in the Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed is dominated by forest cover (63%), followed by wetlands with 23% of the watershed’s total area. Agriculture and open water encompass most of the remaining area with 7% and 6%, respectively. Grasslands make up a little over 1% of the watershed’s total area, while suburban and urban land use is minimal with half of a percent and one-tenth of a percent of the area, respectively.

Date  2011

Nonpoint and Point Sources

Point sources of pollution in the watershed include the Aurora Sanitary District, the village of Niagara, Niagara of Wisconsin Paper Company, the Pembine Laundromat, and ISP Minerals. Champion International Paper Company in Michigan also discharges to the Menominee River. The Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee watershed has yet to be ranked for sources of nonpoint pollution.

Date  2011

Ecological Landscapes for Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed lies primarily in the Northeast Sands Ecological Landscape which occupies a relatively narrow, vertical band of land in northeast Wisconsin. This landscape formed in glacial outwash sand plains (some of them pitted), and has steep outcropping Precambrian bedrock knolls of basalt, rhyolite, or granite. Sandy ground moraines and end moraines are also interspersed in the landscape. Historically, extensive oak/jack pine barrens and jack pine forests were found in the outwash sand portions of this Ecological Landscape. Moraines supported forests of hardwoods, red pine, and white pine. Outwash plains often contained pitted depressions, resulting in numerous wetlands and kettle lakes. Most of this Ecological Landscape is still forested; aspen predominates, followed by northern hardwoods. Jack pine remains on the outwash plains along with northern pin oak. There are several important occurrences of jack pine/oak barren communities. A small percentage of this Ecological Landscape contains spruce-fir-cedar forest and lowland hardwood forest. The Brazeau Swamp is one of the best representations of large cedar swamp forests in northern Wisconsin.

Date  2010

Hydrologic Features

The Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers watershed is situation in a sandy glacial outwash plain interspersed with glacial moraines and steep outcropping of Precambrian bedrock. The combination of sandy soils and extensive forests and wetlands within the watershed create ideal conditions for precipitation to slowly infiltrate into the groundwater. This groundwater later emerges as cold seeps and springs that provide the base flow to the nearly 200 miles of trout streams within the watershed. All of the streams and rivers in the watershed ultimately flow into the Menominee River and at areas where there are steep stream gradients the rivers have often been dammed for the generation of hydropower. There are 25 dams in this watershed, seven dams on the middle Menomonee itself. On the Menomonee River more than 70% of river miles with a gradient greater than four feet per mile have been lost due to impoundments. This series of impoundments greatly alters the natural hydrograph of the river and leads to physical, chemical, and biological alterations of the system.

Date  2011

Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed At-a-Glance

Impaired Water in Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed
River and Stream QualityAll Waters in Watershed

The overall health of the Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed is excellent with over 188 miles of cold water streams. Over 100 miles of these streams are classified as Class I trout streams. Another 65 miles of stream are considered Class II trout streams, and there are also about 15 miles of Class III trout streams. Fifty-two miles of stream are on the Exceptional Resource Water list, including segments of Anderson Spur, Bear, Brown Spur, Coates, Lindstrom, Mullaney, Rock Cut, Sand Lake Branch, and Squaw creeks along with many other unnamed creeks. Another 52 miles of streams in the watershed are considered Outstanding Resources Water along segments of the Little Silver, Miscauno, Spikehorn, and Sullivan Creeks together with the Little Popple River and the South Branch of the Pemebonwon River. Rivers and streams in the watershed are abundant with fish life. Naturally reproducing sturgeon populations can be found along stretches of Bear, McAllister, Squaw and Miscauno creeks, as well as parts of Menominee and Pemebonwon rivers. A combination of self reproduction and stocking support a musky population along segments of the Chalk Hills, White Rapids, and Kingsford flowages and sections of the Menominee River, as well. Large portions of the Pemebonwon and Menominee Rivers also support small mouth bass fisheries. A 45-mile section of the Menominee River has been listed as impaired by PCBs and mercury since 1998. According to the WDNR’s Register of Waterbodies (ROW) database, there are over 483 miles of streams and rivers in the Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed; 288 miles of which have been entered into the WDNR’s assessment database. Of these 186 miles, the majority (68%) are meeting Fish and Aquatic Life uses and are specified as in “good” condition; about 15 % of streams are considered to be in “poor” condition and are listed as impaired. The condition of the remaining third of these stream miles is not known or documented.

Date  2011

Watershed Trout Streams
Watershed Outstanding & Exceptional Resources

Lakes and Impoundments

Approximately 2,874 lake acres have been entered into the state’s assessment database for the watershed. Over half (55%) of these waters are indicated as supporting Fish and Aquatic Life use, while 50 acres are not supporting this use. Over 1,254 acres have not been assessed for Fish and Aquatic Life use. Lindquist Lake is the largest lake in the watershed at about 73 acres. Reservoirs and flowages in the watershed include Rosebush Lake, Chalk Hill Flowage, Little Quinnesec Falls Flowage, Kingsford Flowage, Big Quinnesec Falls Flowage, Lake Shannon, Miscauno Pond, and McAllister Pond. Johnson and Beach Lake are considered shallow headwater lakes. Miscauno Pond is listed as a shallow lowland pond. Shallow seepage lakes include Headquarters, Smith, Woempner, and Young lakes. Bush Cotas, Echo, Fischer, Hord, Lindquist, Long, Twin Lakes, and West Pickerel Pond are all listed as deep headwaters. Deep seepage lakes include Back, Barnes, Camp, Hoskin, Shannon, Lundgren, Phillips, Sand, Scout, Timms, and West Twin Lakes. The following waterbodies are designated as small for their current use: Back, Barlow, Belgian, East Twin, Golden, Kimlark, Chapman, Downing, Luedevitz, Marm, Minnie, Mud, No Bottom, Otter, Rock, Thoeming, and Wolf lakes, along with McAllister, East Pickerel, are Monson ponds. Many lakes have not been assessed formally, yet, but the ones that have were found to be fully supporting their attainable use.

Date  2011

Wetland Health

Wetland Status: The Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee River watershed is located in northeastern Marinette and southeastern Florence counties. Approximately 22% of the current land uses in the watershed are wetlands. Currently, about 87% of the original wetlands in the watershed are estimated to exist. Of these wetlands, the majority include forested wetlands (79%), scrub (15%), and emergent wetlands (6%), which include marshes and wet meadows. Wetland Restorability: Of the 3,905 acres of estimated lost wetlands in the watershed, approximately 11% are considered potentially restorable based on modeled data, including soil types, land use, and land cover (Chris Smith, DNR, 2009).

Date  2011

Impaired Waters

A 45-mile section of the Menominee River has been listed as impaired by PCBs and mercury since 1998. Sand Lake has also been on the 303(d) impaired waters list for mercury since 1998.

Date  2011

List of Impaired Waters

Aquatic Invasive Species

Eurasian water-milfoil have been documented along segments of Chalk Hill Flowage, Big Quinnesec Falls Flowage, Barnes Lake, and White Rapids Flowage. Rusty Crayfish have been verified and vouchered along stretches of the Little Popple River, Fischer Lake, South Branch Little Popple River, and Menominee River.

Date  2011

Fish Consumption Advice

Wisconsin’s fish consumption advisory is based on the work of public health, water quality and fisheries experts from eight Great Lakes states. Based on the best available scientific evidence, these scientists determined how much fish is safe to eat over a lifetime based on the amount of contaminants found in the fish and how those contaminants affect human health. Advisories are based on concentrations of the following contaminants along with angler habits, fishing regulations, and other factors. Sand Lake in Florence County (T38 R18e S21) has had a specific fish consumption advisory in effect for Mercury since 2009. The Menominee River from Pier’s Gorge to Lower Scott Flowage, including the Chalk Hill Flowage and White Rapids Flowage, has had a specific fish consumption advisory for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in effect since 2009, as well. These contaminants differ in where they come from, where they accumulate in fish, and how they affect human health. Contaminants such as PCBs and mercury build up in the body over time. Studies indicate the people exposed to PCBs are at greater risk for a variety of health problems. Infants and children of women who have eaten a lot of contaminated fish may have lower birth weights and be delayed in physical development and learning. PCBs may affect reproductive function and the immune system and are also associated with cancer risk. Once eaten, PCBs are stored in body fat for many years. Each time you ingest PCBs the total amount of PCB in your body increases. Mercury affects the human nervous system. Mercury can damage developing brains of children and may affect a child’s behavior and ability to learn. While mercury can be eliminated from the body, frequent ingestion of fish with high levels of mercury results in bioaccumulation (Proposed Guidance For the Classification, Assessment, & Management of Wisconsin Surface Waters, Lowndes & Helmuth, March 12, 2007).

Date  2011

Groundwater

The following groundwater information is for Marinette and Florence counties (from Protecting Wisconsin’s Groundwater through Comprehensive Planning website, http://wi.water.usgs.gov/gwcomp/), which roughly approximates to the Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed. Niagara is the only municipal water system in the Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed that has a wellhead protection plan. Marinette County has adopted an animal waste management ordinance; while Florence County has not. From 1979 to 2005, total water use in Marinette County has fluctuated from about 45.6 million gallons per day to 22.1 million gallons per day. The increase in total water use over this period until 1990 was due to industrial and aquaculture use increases, and the decrease in total water use after 1990 is due to a decrease in industrial use. The proportion of county water use supplied by groundwater has increased from about 8% to 48% during the period 1979 to 2000 and decreased to 35% in 2005. From 1979 to 2005, total water use in Florence County has increased from about 280,000 gallons per day to about 540,000 gallons per day to 2000. Total water use in 2005 decreased to 320,000 gallons per day. The increase and decrease in total water use is due primarily to domestic use fluctuations. The proportion of county water use supplied by groundwater has remained at 100% except in 1995 when it was 98%. Private Wells Ninety-three percent of 210 private well samples collected in Marinette County and 100% of 26 private well samples collected in Florence County from 1990 through 2006 met the health-based drinking water limit for nitrate-nitrogen. Land use affects nitrate concentrations in groundwater. An analysis of over 35,000 Wisconsin drinking water samples found that drinking water from private wells was three times more likely to be unsafe to drink due to high nitrate in agricultural areas than in forested areas. High nitrate levels were also more common in sandy areas where the soil is more permeable. In Wisconsin’s groundwater, 80% of nitrate inputs originate from manure spreading, agricultural fertilizers, and legume cropping systems. A 2002 study estimated that 18% of private drinking water wells in the region of Wisconsin that includes Marinette and Florence counties contained a detectable level of an herbicide or herbicide metabolite. Pesticides occur in groundwater more commonly in agricultural regions, but can occur anywhere pesticides are stored or applied. A total of 2,599 acres of land in Marinette County are in atrazine prohibition areas. The vast majority (94%) of 52 private well samples collected in Marinette County and almost three quarters (74%) of 151 private well samples collected in Florence County met the health standard for arsenic. There are no Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) in the Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed; nor are there any licensed landfills or Superfund sites within the watershed. WDNR’s Remediation and Redevelopment (RR) Program oversees the investigation and cleanup of environmental contamination and the redevelopment of contaminated properties. The RR Program provides information about contaminated properties and other activities related to the investigation and cleanup of contaminated soil or groundwater in Wisconsin through its Bureau for Remediation and Redevelopment Tracking System (BRRTS) database (WDNR 2010e). The database shows that there are two sites in the Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed that are specified as “open”, meaning “contamination has affected soil, groundwater, or more and the environmental investigation and cleanup need to begin or are underway.” These sites include a Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) site at Jerry’s Automotive in Niagara and an Environmental Repair (ERP) site at Schneiders Iron & Metal Incorporated in Aurora. The Petroleum Environmental Cleanup Fund Award (PECFA) program was created in response to enactment of federal regulations requiring release prevention from underground storage tanks and cleanup of existing contamination from those tanks. PECFA is a reimbursement program returning a portion of incurred remedial cleanup costs to owners of eligible petroleum product systems, including home heating oil systems. As of May 31, 2007, $10,526,323 has been reimbursed by the PECFA program to clean up 115 petroleum-contaminated sites in Marinette County. This equates to $244 per county resident, which is less than the statewide average of $264 per resident. Over two million dollars has been spent on petroleum cleanup in Florence County from 18 leaking underground storage tank sites, which equates to $511 per county resident.

Date  2011

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
4/1/2016
Waters Involved
Lundgren Lake
Status
Complete

Marinette County Land Conservation Committee: Lundgren Lake Ewm Rapid Response: The Marinette County Land Conservation Department proposes to control Eurasian Watermilfoil in Lundgren Lake by implementing control measures during the period 2016-2018. The project elements and deliverables are specified in Marinette County\2019s Aquatic Invasive Species Emergency Response Grant application, dated February 26, 2016.

The project includes conducting three Point Intercept surveys using the DNR Aquatic Plant Treatment Evaluation Protocol http://www4.uwsp.edu/cnr/uwexlakes/ecology/APM/Appendix-D.pdf ; controlling Eurasian Watermilfoil with aquatic herbicide treatments and follow up Diver Assisted Suction Harvester; and implementing an aquatic invasive species prevention and control strategy that includes, soliciting the in-kind volunteer work that is identified in the grant application. Chemical concentration monitoring will also be performed post treatment to determine concentration readings. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the 3-year project will be provided to DNR. Any publications produced as part of the project will incorporate the \201CStop Aquatic Hitchhikers!\201D\2122 brand (partnership details can be found at: http://www.protectyourwaters.org).

If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR will be provided both paper and electronic. pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee\2019s final payment request. All information associated with this project is subject to public record.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Barnes Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Birch Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Butterfly Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Camp Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Cedar Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Christian Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Dvorak Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
East Pickerel Pond
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
East Twin Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Fence Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Grass Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Helen Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Island Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Johnson and Beach Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Jug Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Kidd Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Lily Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Lindquist Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Little Island Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Little McCall Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Little Poche De Noche
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Little Wolf Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Long Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Lost Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
McCall Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
McDonald Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Merriman Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Minnie Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Moose Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Morgan Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Mud Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Mud Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Perch Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Phillips Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Poche De Noche
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Roosevelt Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Sackerson Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Spies Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Spur Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Town Corner Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Trout Haven Pond
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Un Spring
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
West Pickerel Pond
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
West Twin Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Woempner Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1999
Waters Involved
Wolf Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Wausaukee: Town Of Wausaukee: The Town of Wausaukee proposes this first step project to develop a comprehensive land use plan. It will be used as a pilot project that will be applied to similar lakes in Marinette that have a low rate of second home development and that are located in areas that are very rural in nature. This project will collect and assess the types of social, physical and regulatory data that are available for the lakes and their watersheds. The project will identify deficiencies in data and make recommendations for additional data collection that will be the subject of future grant applications.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2000
Waters Involved
Young Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Dunbar: Town Of Dunbar Lakes Assessment: The Town of Dunbar proposes to begin the development of a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan for their Town. This project will consist of meetings with town residents to develop a vision statement, goals and objectives; collect available water quality data and make recommentations for continued collection; analyze town demographics; identify existing land uses; and digitize GIS mapping. A final report will be completed to summarize the findings, review initial goals and objectives; and recommendations made for future data collection, land use planning/zoning, public access and other policy and planning needs.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Volunteer Monitoring

There are no citizen monitors in the GB15-Pemebonwon, Middle Menominee Watershed. For information on how to become a Volunteer Stream Monitor, visit-http://watermonitoring.uwex.edu/index.html

Date  2012

Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers Watershed

Goals

1/4/2012
Develop plan to raise in-stream dissolved oxygen levels in watershed streams exhibiting depressed levels.
1/4/2012
Identify sources of and correct water taste and odor problems within the Norway-Quinnesec area.
1/4/2012
Continue development of remedial action plan for Lower Menominee River.
1/4/2012
Restore rapids and waterfalls to their natural state.

Priorities

1/4/2012
Mercury levels in Sand Lake.
1/4/2012
Low dissolved oxygen levels at the White Rapids Dam.
1/4/2012
Toxic pollutants in the sediment of the Lower Menominee River.
Watershed Recommendations
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW listed from pre-year 2000 FCA data
Date
Status
609000 name Menominee River TMDL ID 672 Start Mile 43.21 End Mile 87.8
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers WatershedWater Plans and PartnershipsRead the Watershed Plan

2011 Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee River Watershed (GB15) Draft Water Quality Management Plan. The town of Wausaukee is developing a comprehensive land use plan with a goal of protection the water resources in the region. The town of Dunbar is developing a Lake Planning Assessment and Management Plan to protect lakes in is vicinity. Florence and Marinette Counties both have aquatic invasive species coordinators on staff.

Date  2011

Watershed History Note

The city of Niagara is located in the watershed of the Pemebonwon and Middle Menominee Rivers. Originally named in the language of the Iroquois tribe, Niagara means "thundering waters". The Menominee River separates the states of Michigan and Wisconsin and has cut a deep dramatic gorge where the river, normally 300 feet wide, is constricted to a narrow 80-foot channel, creating powerful rapids as it rushes towards Green Bay. At Piers Gorge the river has created an extraordinarily beautiful place where steep-sided bedrock walls, up to 70 feet high, contain the rushing river for a mile and a half as it roars over a series of stone shelves in four distinct waterfalls.

Date  2010