Watershed - Lower Peshtigo River (GB07)
Lower Peshtigo River Watershed

Details

The Lower Peshtigo River Watershed is situated in southeastern Marinette County. The Peshtigo River is the major surface waterbody in the watershed. The community of Peshtigo and part of the city of Marinette are located in this watershed. Soils in the watershed are primarily poorly drained, sandy and mucky soils in glacial lake basins. Wetlands are abundant around Gravelly and Mud brooks in the north and along the Green Bay shoreline in the southwestern portion of the watershed. Much of the watershed is forested, with limited areas of agriculture.

Date  1993

Nonpoint and Point Sources

Point source dischargers in the watershed include Badger Paper Company and the city of Peshtigo WWTP. There is a perception by many members of the public that a dioxin problem exists in the lower portion of the Peshtigo River. DNR does not have data which indicate that such a problem exists

Date  1993

Ecological Landscapes for Lower Peshtigo River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Lower Peshtigo River Watershed is located primarily within the Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape which is located in northeastern Wisconsin, and includes Green Bay and the northern part of the Door Peninsula. Its landforms consist of the Niagara escarpment, a prominent dolomite outcropping along the east side of Green Bay, a lacustrine plain along the west side of Green Bay, and ground moraine elsewhere. Low sand dunes and beach ridges that support Great Lakes endemics and many other rare species are found along the Great Lakes shoreline. The influence of Lake Michigan moderates extreme temperatures. Soils are very diverse; in some areas, lacustrine sands are found overlying clays or bedrock within only a few feet of the surface. In the Door Peninsula, soils are typically stony loamy sands to loams. Poorly drained sands are common in the lake plain or in depressions between dunes and beach ridges. On the western side of Green Bay, the ground moraine is composed mostly of moderately well drained, rocky sandy loams, interspersed with lacustrine sands and clays, and peat and muck also common. Historic vegetation included maple-basswood-beech forest, hemlock-hardwood forest, northern white cedar swamp, hardwood-conifer swamp, wet meadows, and coastal marshes. Conifer dominated upland forests that resemble the boreal forest were present along Lake Michigan; they contain a significant component of white spruce and balsam fir. Cliffs, sinkholes, and dolomite ledges are associated with the Niagara Escarpment. Current vegetation consists of more than 60% non-forested land, most of which is in agricultural crops, with smaller amounts of grassland, wetland, shrubland, and urbanized areas. Forested lands are dominated by maple-basswood, with smaller amounts of lowland hardwoods, aspen-birch, and lowland conifers. High quality areas of exposed alkaline bedrock beach occur on the northern Door Peninsula, providing habitat for many rare plants. Several islands lie off the Door Peninsula and these also provide critical habitat for rare species and colonially nesting birds.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
10/1/2009
Waters Involved
Peshtigo Flowage 1086
Status
Complete

City Of Peshtigo: Peshtigo Flowage Ais Education, Planning & Prevention Project: The City of Peshtigo proposes to develop a Comprehensive Aquatic Plant Management (APM) by December 2011, which will focus on native plant protection and prevention, and control of aquatic invasive species (AIS). The project elements and deliverables are specified in the City of Peshtigo\2019s Aquatic Invasive Species Control Grant application, dated July 22, 2009. The project will; conduct a point/intercept survey of the aquatic plant community in Peshtigo Flowage using WDNR aquatic plant survey methodology; determine the extent, distribution and density of Eurasian water-milfoil and any other AIS; prepare and develop an APM Plan consistent with DNR guidelines, including an AIS prevention and control plan; educate lake users of native plant protection and AIS prevention and control measures; and implement the \201CClean Boats, Clean Waters\201D watercraft inspection program. Watercraft inspectors will attend a current \201CClean Boats, Clean Waters\201D training session sponsored by UW-Extension staff. Watercraft inspection records will be entered into the State\2019s online Watercraft Inspection Database. The final report will include the Peshtigo Flowage\2019s Aquatic Plant Management Plan that meets the requirements of Wisconsin Chapter NR198.43(1). If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee\2019s final payment request.


Grant Details
Habitat
Date
10/1/2010
Waters Involved
Lake Michigan
Status
Proposed

Winegar Pond Invasive Species Control In A Green Bay Wetland: Winegar Pond is a 120-acre Lake Michigan coastal wetland located near the mouth of the Peshtigo River in the Green Bay of Wisconsin. The wetland is owned and managed by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources as part of the Green Bay West Shores Wildlife Area - Peshtigo Harbor Unit. The wetland has a natural hydrologic connection to the Peshtigo River through a narrow tributary channel and to Green Bay through an approximately 100 foot shallow swale. We intend to install two fish passage structures that will prevent seasonal migration by carp but allow adult native gamefish to reproduce and annually recruit juvenile gamefish with access to the Peshtigo River and Green Bay. Each spring, adult non-native common carp (Cyprinus carpio) invade Winegar Pond to spawn. Shallow depths and warm spring run-off events that flow through Winegar Pond make it an attractive area for increased carp spawning activity. As a result, carp uproot vegetation and reduce water quality via increased turbidity, destroying native emergent and submerged aquatic plant communities. This has also promoted the invasion of non-native phragmites (Phragmites australis) resulting in a negative impact on native fish recruitment and reduced migratory bird nesting success. In addition to the fish passage structures, we will chemically treat and manage 100 acres of existing stands of phragmites directly adjacent to Winegar Pond.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1998
Waters Involved
Bagley Flowage 1061
Status
Complete

City Of Peshtigo: Peshtigo Flowage Riparian Study And Education: The City of Peshtigo proposes to develop a plan for the Peshtigo Flowage and provide nutrient loadings from land use in the drainage areas, along with riparian shoreline factors which affect water quality and aquatic plant habitat. Tributary monitoring, in-lake sampling, aquatic plant surveys will also be conducted.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1998
Waters Involved
Peshtigo River
Status
Complete

City Of Peshtigo: Peshtigo Flow/Trout Crk Nonpoint Source Project: The City of Peshtigo proposes to develop a plan to ID nutrient loadings from land use in the drainage area of Trout Creek Pond. Delineation of land use in the watershed will also be conducted. Tributary monitoring, in-lake sampling, aquatic plant surveys will also be conducted. Extensive public involvement including input by schools in the area will be a part of the project. News releases, public meetings and other outreach programs will be incorporated into the project. Funding from a variety of sources will also be a part of the effort. A steering committee made up of local representatives, officials and the public will guide the project. The DNR will be provided two paper copies and an electronic copy of the report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1998
Waters Involved
Peshtigo River
Status
Complete

City Of Peshtigo: Peshtigo Flowage Riparian Study And Education: The City of Peshtigo proposes to develop a plan for the Peshtigo Flowage and provide nutrient loadings from land use in the drainage areas, along with riparian shoreline factors which affect water quality and aquatic plant habitat. Tributary monitoring, in-lake sampling, aquatic plant surveys will also be conducted.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1998
Waters Involved
Sucker Brook
Status
Complete

City Of Peshtigo: Peshtigo Flow/Trout Crk Nonpoint Source Project: The City of Peshtigo proposes to develop a plan to ID nutrient loadings from land use in the drainage area of Trout Creek Pond. Delineation of land use in the watershed will also be conducted. Tributary monitoring, in-lake sampling, aquatic plant surveys will also be conducted. Extensive public involvement including input by schools in the area will be a part of the project. News releases, public meetings and other outreach programs will be incorporated into the project. Funding from a variety of sources will also be a part of the effort. A steering committee made up of local representatives, officials and the public will guide the project. The DNR will be provided two paper copies and an electronic copy of the report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1998
Waters Involved
Trout Creek
Status
Complete

City Of Peshtigo: Peshtigo Flow/Trout Crk Nonpoint Source Project: The City of Peshtigo proposes to develop a plan to ID nutrient loadings from land use in the drainage area of Trout Creek Pond. Delineation of land use in the watershed will also be conducted. Tributary monitoring, in-lake sampling, aquatic plant surveys will also be conducted. Extensive public involvement including input by schools in the area will be a part of the project. News releases, public meetings and other outreach programs will be incorporated into the project. Funding from a variety of sources will also be a part of the effort. A steering committee made up of local representatives, officials and the public will guide the project. The DNR will be provided two paper copies and an electronic copy of the report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1998
Waters Involved
Trout Creek
Status
Complete

City Of Peshtigo: Peshtigo Flowage Riparian Study And Education: The City of Peshtigo proposes to develop a plan for the Peshtigo Flowage and provide nutrient loadings from land use in the drainage areas, along with riparian shoreline factors which affect water quality and aquatic plant habitat. Tributary monitoring, in-lake sampling, aquatic plant surveys will also be conducted.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1998
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

City Of Peshtigo: Peshtigo Flowage Riparian Study And Education: The City of Peshtigo proposes to develop a plan for the Peshtigo Flowage and provide nutrient loadings from land use in the drainage areas, along with riparian shoreline factors which affect water quality and aquatic plant habitat. Tributary monitoring, in-lake sampling, aquatic plant surveys will also be conducted.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2003
Waters Involved
Bundy Creek
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Harpor 03: to c-s installation of BMPs


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2003
Waters Involved
Bundy Creek
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Hartwig 03: to c-s landowner installation of BMPs @70%


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2004
Waters Involved
Bundy Creek
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Schwittay (Delores) Farm Ro Proj: to costshare at 70% BMP installations on Dorthy Schwittay farm


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2004
Waters Involved
Bundy Creek
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Schwittay (John) Farm Ro Proj: to costshare at 70% John Schwittay runoff management improvements


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2005
Waters Involved
Bundy Creek
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Jeremy Schwittay Farm: Construction and installation of best management practices (BMPs) on the Jeremy Schwittay farm to abate manure runoff and livestock management issues that directly discharge manure and associated pollutants into Bundy Creek.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2002
Waters Involved
Peshtigo River
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Denston-01 Trm: to provide TRM cost-sharing to eligible landowners


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2003
Waters Involved
Peshtigo River
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Pesh 03: to c-s @70% landowner installation of BMPs


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2004
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Drees Farm Runoff Mgmt Proj: to costshare at 70% BMP installation on Drees farm


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2004
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Strutz Manure Runoff Project: to costshare at 70% Strutz Farm BMPs


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2005
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Rohde Farm Manure Storage: Construction and installation of best management practices (BMPs) on the Rohde farm to abate manure runoff and livestock management issues that directly discharge manure and associated pollutants into an adjacent wetland and thence into Bundy Creek.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2008
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Mark Carviou Farm: To cost-share barnyard control, manure management and clean water diversion practices to bring farm operations into compliance with the Agricultural Performance Standards and Prohibitions relating to elimination of winter spreading, manure storage and prevention of direct runoff from a feedlot or stored manure into waters of the state under NR 151.08.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
9/18/2003
Waters Involved
Peshtigo River
Status
Complete

City Of Peshtigo: Peshtigo River Detention Pond: to costshare at 50% land acquisition, design & construction of Peshtigo River Pond


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Lower Peshtigo River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Control Invasive Species
 
Date
Status
Winegar Pond is a 120-acre Lake Michigan coastal wetland located near the mouth of the Peshtigo River in the Green Bay of Wisconsin. The wetland is owned and managed by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources as part of the Green Bay West Shores Wildlife Area - Peshtigo Harbor Unit. The wetland has a natural hydrologic connection to the Peshtigo River through a narrow tributary channel and to Green Bay through an approximately 100 foot shallow swale. We intend to install two fish passage structures that will prevent seasonal migration by carp but allow adult native gamefish to reproduce and annually recruit juvenile gamefish with access to the Peshtigo River and Green Bay. Each spring, adult non-native common carp (Cyprinus carpio) invade Winegar Pond to spawn. Shallow depths and warm spring run-off events that flow through Winegar Pond make it an attractive area for increased carp spawning activity. As a result, carp uproot vegetation and reduce water quality via increased turbidity, destroying native emergent and submerged aquatic plant communities. This has also promoted the invasion of non-native phragmites (Phragmites australis) resulting in a negative impact on native fish recruitment and reduced migratory bird nesting success. In addition to the fish passage structures, we will chemically treat and manage 100 acres of existing stands of phragmites directly adjacent to Winegar Pond.
10/1/2010
Proposed
Projects
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Oconto
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW from before 2000
Date
Status
Monitor Peshtigo River (TMDL ID 173) to confirm fish consumption advice from before 2000.
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW listed from pre-year 2000 FCA data
Date
Status
10/25/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Unnamed Trib to Peshtigo River Biology
Date
Status
Based on best fit and low number of fish surveyed in 2014 no recommendation to change NC is made. Keep as CCHW until future surveys can provide better justification for change. AU: 6776865; Station ID: 10042808
5/1/2018
Proposed
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Trout Creek Biology
Date
Status
After the Split AU...adding to watch water and proposed additional follow-up sampling for TP, Fish, and Macro. AU: 11846; Station ID: 10043555
5/1/2018
Proposed
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Unnamed Trib to Trout Cr TP
Date
Status
Category 2. 2018 TP Results: May Exceed. Station: 10042936. AU: 5536174.
1/1/2018
Proposed
 
Lower Peshtigo River WatershedWatershed History Note

On the evening of October 8, 1971, the Lower Peshtigo River watershed was the location of the worst fire in North American history. Although the Great Chicago Fire, which occurred on the same day, is better known, the Peshtigo Fire covered about 2,400 square miles, or 1.5 million acres in Wisconsin and Upper Michigan, an area twice the size of Rhode Island, and took between 1,200 and 2,400 lives. At the same time, forest fires also ravaged vast areas of Lower Michigan. Many who survived had loved ones who did not. Some survivors suffered physical and mental scars for the rest of their lives. For a few, the personal and economic loss was so great that they had no other option but to live out their days at the county poor farm or asylum. Individuals who did not experience the tragedy first hand, but who came from outside to help clean up the town and bury the dead, were also deeply affected. The intensity of the fire was due to a prolonged and widespread drought and high temperatures, capped off by a cyclonic storm in early October. The fire was fueled by various settlement and industry practices such as: the clearing of hardwood growth for farm crops, piles of brush left in the woods which created dry tinder, railroad right-of-ways full of cleared trees and brush which could easily be ignited by sparks from the steam engines, sawmills with large supplies of bark and sawdust, and finally, the fact that almost all settled towns were built out of wood. When news of the tragedy at Peshtigo finally reached Madison on October 10, 1871, Governor Lucius Fairchild and other state officials were away at Chicago, helping the victims of that fire. The governor's wife Frances commandeered a boxcar of blankets and other supplies that was bound for Chicago and had it sent to Peshtigo instead.

Date  2010