Watershed - South Branch Oconto River (GB06)
South Branch Oconto River Watershed

Details

The South Branch Oconto River Watershed is situated in west-central Oconto, eastern Langlade and eastern Menominee counties. The watershed is approximately 140,332 acres in size and consists of 217 miles of streams and rivers, 2,812 acres of lakes and 20,278 acres of wetlands. The watershed is dominated by forests (71%) and is ranked low for nonpoint source issues affecting streams and groundwater.

Date  1993

Ecological Landscapes for South Branch Oconto River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The South Branch Oconto River Watershed is part of two ecological landscapes: the Forest Transition and the Northeast Sands. The Forest Transition Ecological Landscape lies along the northern border of Wisconsin's Tension Zone, through the central and western part of the state, and supports both northern forests and agricultural areas. The central portion of the Forest Transition lies primarily on a glacial till plain deposited by glaciation between 25,000 and 790,000 years ago. The eastern and western portions are on moraines of the Wisconsin glaciation. The growing season in this part of the state is long enough that agriculture is viable, although climatic conditions are not as favorable as in southern Wisconsin. Soils are diverse, ranging from sandy loam to loam or shallow silt loam, and from poorly drained to well drained. The historic vegetation of the Forest Transition was primarily northern hardwood forest. These northern hardwoods were dominated by sugar maple and hemlock, and contained some yellow birch, red pine and white pine. Currently, over 60% of this Ecological Landscape is non-forested. Forested areas consist primarily of northern hardwoods and aspen, with smaller amounts of oak and lowland hardwoods. The eastern portion of the Ecological Landscape differs from the rest of the area in that it remains primarily forested, and includes some ecologically significant areas. Throughout the Ecological Landscape, small areas of conifer swamp are found near the headwaters of streams, and associated with lakes in kettle depressions on moraines. Ground flora show characteristics of both northern and southern Wisconsin, as this Ecological Landscape lies along the Tension Zone. The Northeast Sands Ecological Landscape occupies a relatively narrow, vertical band of land in northeast Wisconsin. This landscape formed in glacial outwash sand plains (some of them pitted), and has steep outcropping Precambrian bedrock knolls of basalt, rhyolite, or granite. Sandy ground moraines and end moraines are also interspersed in the landscape. Historically, extensive oak/jack pine barrens and jack pine forests were found in the outwash sand portions of this Ecological Landscape. Moraines supported forests of hardwoods, red pine, and white pine. Outwash plains often contained pitted depressions, resulting in numerous wetlands and kettle lakes. Most of this Ecological Landscape is still forested; aspen predominates, followed by northern hardwoods. Jack pine remains on the outwash plains along with northern pin oak. There are several important occurrences of jack pine/oak barren communities. A small percentage of this Ecological Landscape contains spruce-fir-cedar forest and lowland hardwood forest. The Brazeau Swamp is one of the best representations of large cedar swamp forests in northern Wisconsin.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
7/1/2013
Waters Involved
Boulder Lake
Status
Complete

Boulder Lake Private Homes Assn Inc.: Boulder Lake Ewm Project: The Boulder Lake Private Homes Association, Inc. proposes to control Eurasian Watermilfoil in Boulder Lake by implementing control measures during the period 1012-2015. The project elements and deliverables are specified in the BLPHA Aquatic Invasive Species Emergency Response Grant application dated November 2, 2012.
The project includes conducting three Point Intercept surveys by a third party consultant using the DNR Aquatic Plant Treatment Evaluation Protocol
http://www4.uwsp.edu/uwexlakes/ecology/APM/Appendix-D.pdf ; controlling Eurasian Watermilfoil with aquatic herbicide treatments and implementing an aquatic invasive species prevention and control strategy that includes attending the WI Lakes Convention, soliciting in-kind volunteers and Eurasian Watermilfoil hand pulling. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the 4-year project will be provide to DNR. Any publications produced as part of the project will incorporate the \201CStop Aquatic Hitchhikers!\201D brand (partnership details can be found at: http://www.protectyourwters.org )
If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR will be provided both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee\2019s final payment request. All information associated with this project is subject to public record.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
9/2/2008
Waters Involved
Maiden Lake
Status
Complete

Maiden Lake Club, Inc.: Maiden Lake Ewm Control Project: The Maiden Lake Assn proposes to control Eurasian water-milfoil (EWM) in Maiden Lake by implementing control measures during the period 2008-2010. The project elements and deliverables are specified in the Assn's AIS control grant application, dated 12.1.2008. The project includes conducting pre- and post-treatment surveys and mapping the extent of EWM, including a full lake rake Point Index survey during EWM peak growing seasons, June-August; controlling EWM with aquatic herbicide treatments; and implementing an AIS prevention strategy that includes developing an information education program, and conducting watercraft inspection. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the three-year project will be provided to DNR. Watercraft inspection records will be entered into the State's online Watercraft Inspection Database. Any publications produced as part of the project will incorporate the "Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers!"tm brand (partnership details can be found at: http://www.protectyourwaters.org). If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the grantee provide the DNR AIS Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR will be provided both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee's final payment request.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
4/1/2015
Waters Involved
Winslow Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Riverview: Winslow Lake Rapid Response: The Town of Riverview proposes to control Hybrid Watermilfoil in Winslow Lake by implementing control measures during the period 2015-2018. The project elements and deliverables are specified in the Town of Riverview\2019s Aquatic Invasive Species Emergency Response Grant application, dated January 28, 2015.

The project includes conducting Point Intercept surveys using the DNR Aquatic Plant Treatment Evaluation Protocol http://www4.uwsp.edu/cnr/uwexlakes/ecology/APM/Appendix-D.pdf ,in addition to 3 peak biomass surveys and lake bathymetry mapping; controlling Hybrid Watermilfoil with aquatic herbicide treatments and hand pulling coordination; and implementing an aquatic invasive species prevention and control strategy that includes soliciting the in-kind volunteer work that is identified in the grant application. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the 3-year project will be provided to DNR. Any publications produced as part of the project will incorporate the \201CStop Aquatic Hitchhikers!\201D\2122 brand (partnership details can be found at: http://www.protectyourwaters.org).

If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR will be provided both paper and electronic. pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee\2019s final payment request. All information associated with this project is subject to public record.
By signing this agreement the Town of Riverview agrees to be responsible for all fiancial and admiinstrative aspects of the grant regardless of sub-agreements entered into with other entities.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Bear Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Binder Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Birch Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Bullfrog Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Caldron Falls Reservoir*
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Chain Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Crab Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Forbes Spring
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Hickey Springs
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Hidden Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Lackawanna Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Lake John
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Lincoln Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Little Bear Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Long Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Miriam Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Munger Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Pine Ridge Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Sellin Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Sullivan Springs
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Un Spring
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Un Spring - Fish Hatchery
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Un Spring -Fish Hatchery
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Waubee Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1998
Waters Involved
Wheeler Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Lakewood: Lco-Town Of Lakewood Class/Ordinance Project: The Town of Lakewood proposes to conduct a county-wide lake classification and ordinance study. The project will be used as a component in the larger land use planning process to create a set of recommended ordinances, or recommended amendments to existing ordinances for better protection of county lake resources.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/18/1991
Waters Involved
Mary Lake
Status
Complete

Mary Lake P & R District: Mary Lake Management Planning: ESTABLISH A PLANNING ADVISORY COMMITTEE TO FINALIZE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES. REVIEW EXISTING INFORMATION. PREPARE BASE MAPS OF THE LAKE AND ITS WATERSHED. CONDUCT LAKE MONITORING PROGRAM. RECORD LAKE LEVELS AND DETERMINE DOWNSTREAM GRADIENT AND FLOW REGIME. ASSESSMENT OF OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC ACCESS TO BE CONDUCTED. PUBLIC INFORMATION DISSEMINATION. COMPREHENSIVE LAKE MANAGEMENT PLAN WILL BE PREPARED.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
South Branch Oconto River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Menominee
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Oconto
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW listed from pre-year 2000 FCA data
Date
Status
11/8/2011
Proposed
 
South Branch Oconto River WatershedWatershed History Note

Much of the South Branch Oconto River watershed is located in the Nicolet portion of the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest in Wisconsin's north woods. Since 1993, these two national forests have been managed as one, although each national forest has retained its individual identity. National forests are divided into administrative units called ranger districts. The Nicolet side of the forest comprises two ranger districts. The Eagle River and Florence ranger districts have been combined into a single unit - the Eagle River-Florence Ranger District, with ranger stations located in each of those towns. The Lakewood and Laona ranger districts have also been combined into a single unit, called the Lakewood-Laona Ranger District. District headquarters offices are located in both Lakewood and Laona at the old ranger office sites. The landscape of northern Wisconsin is one of the greatest conservation stories in the world - the restoration of the Great North Woods after the era of the timber barons and immigrant labor. The United States was a vigorously growing country in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The nation's forests had been used for over 100 years and continued to be used for fuel, building supplies, barns, fences, ships, railroad ties, whiskey barrels, homes, front doors, paving canals, churches, and hospitals. Our country was built on our great forests. But the forests were not endless and in the late 1800s and early 1900s, the Great North Woods were virtually non-existent. The land was cleared and deemed to be a good place for the dreams of European immigrants who came by the thousands to live, farm and hopefully prosper. But in the 1920s and 1930s, many farmers in northern Wisconsin could not afford the taxes on their lands during hard economic times, and so forfeited or abandoned their lands to county governments. The counties in turn sold these lands to the federal government and the Chequamegon and Nicolet National Forests were born in the 1930s from those over cut, burned over, and farmed out lands. During the hard economic times of the Great Depression, young men came to work in the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).The Forest Service's massive reforestation efforts by the CCC boys as well as careful stewardship of the new forest growth over 80 years have provided the people of Wisconsin with 1.5 million acres of beautiful forest -albeit a young forest. However, beyond the beauty is a forest that is in still need of restoration. The mix of tree species is the result of what the timber barons and farmers left us when they abandoned their lands. The CCC boys pine plantations are now 70 or more years old. Much of the forest is even-aged, that is, the trees are all the same age even though some trees are bigger than others. A healthy forest is one that contains trees of different ages and different species. The National Forests are managed for multiple uses - serving people by providing sustainable forests, beautiful landscapes, clean water, clean air as well as forest products that people want and need.

Date  2010