Watershed - Little River (GB04)
Little River Watershed

Details

The Little River Watershed is located in northern Oconto and southern Marinette counties on the west shore of Green Bay. The watershed covers 228 square miles (215 in Oconto County, 13 in Marinette County). The Little River is a major tributary to the Oconto River. Agricultural activities comprise the principle land use in the watershed, with 47 percent of the land used as croplands. There are 268 barnyards in the watershed. The Little River Watershed has been designated as a priority watershed project under Wisconsin's Nonpoint Source Water Pollution Abatement Program. A plan for the control of nonpoint source pollution in this watershed was written by DNR and the Marinette and Oconto County Land Conservation Departments in 1986. As of January 1, 1990, 35 percent of the eligible landowners in the watershed implemented best management practices as a part of the cost-sharing program administered by DNR.

Date  1993

Ecological Landscapes for Little River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Litte River Watershed is located primarily within the Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape which is located in northeastern Wisconsin, and includes Green Bay and the northern part of the Door Peninsula. Its landforms consist of the Niagara escarpment, a prominent dolomite outcropping along the east side of Green Bay, a lacustrine plain along the west side of Green Bay, and ground moraine elsewhere. Low sand dunes and beach ridges that support Great Lakes endemics and many other rare species are found along the Great Lakes shoreline. The influence of Lake Michigan moderates extreme temperatures. Soils are very diverse; in some areas, lacustrine sands are found overlying clays or bedrock within only a few feet of the surface. In the Door Peninsula, soils are typically stony loamy sands to loams. Poorly drained sands are common in the lake plain or in depressions between dunes and beach ridges. On the western side of Green Bay, the ground moraine is composed mostly of moderately well drained, rocky sandy loams, interspersed with lacustrine sands and clays, and peat and muck also common. Historic vegetation included maple-basswood-beech forest, hemlock-hardwood forest, northern white cedar swamp, hardwood-conifer swamp, wet meadows, and coastal marshes. Conifer dominated upland forests that resemble the boreal forest were present along Lake Michigan; they contain a significant component of white spruce and balsam fir. Cliffs, sinkholes, and dolomite ledges are associated with the Niagara Escarpment. Current vegetation consists of more than 60% non-forested land, most of which is in agricultural crops, with smaller amounts of grassland, wetland, shrubland, and urbanized areas. Forested lands are dominated by maple-basswood, with smaller amounts of lowland hardwoods, aspen-birch, and lowland conifers. High quality areas of exposed alkaline bedrock beach occur on the northern Door Peninsula, providing habitat for many rare plants. Several islands lie off the Door Peninsula and these also provide critical habitat for rare species and colonially nesting birds.

Date  2010

Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
7/1/2012
Waters Involved
Kelly Lake
Status
Complete

Kelly Lake Advancement Assoc: Kelly Lake Ewm Response Project: Kelly Lake Advancement Association proposes to control Eurasian Watermilfoil in Kelly Lake by implementing control measures during the period 1012-2015. The project elements and deliverables are specified in the Kelly Lake Advancement Association\2019s Aquatic Invasive Species Control Grant application date November 28, 2012.
The project includes conducting a spring pre-treatment survey and a summer peak biomass post-treatment survey in 2013 and 2014 by a third-party consultant using the DNR Aquatic Plant Treatment Evaluation Protocol htpp:/www4.uwsp.edu/cnr/uwexlakes/ecology/APM/Appendix-D.pdf: controlling Eurasian Watermilfoil with aquatic herbicide treatments; and implementing an aquatic invasive species prevention and control strategy that includes attending the WI Lakes Convention, AIS surveillance and hand pulling. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the three-year project will be provided to DNR. Any publications produced as part of the project will incorporate the \201CStop Aquatic Hitchhikers!\201D brand (partnership details can be found at http://www.protectyourwaters.org).
If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR will be provided both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee\2019s final payment request. All information associated with this project is subject to public record.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
1/1/2014
Waters Involved
Kelly Lake
Status
Complete

Kelly Lake Advancement Assoc: Kelly Lake Ewm Response Ph. Ii: The Kelly Lake Advancement Association proposes to control Eurasian Watermilfoil in Kelly Lake by implementing control measures during the period 2014-2016. The project elements and deliverables are specified in the Kelly Lake Advancement Association\2019s Aquatic Invasive Species Emergency Response Grant application, dated January 31, 2014.

The project includes conducting Point Intercept surveys using the DNR Aquatic Plant Treatment Evaluation Protocol http://www4.uwsp.edu/cnr/uwexlakes/ecology/APM/Appendix-D.pdf , in addition to 3 late summer peak biomass surveys; controlling Eurasian Watermilfoil with aquatic herbicide treatments; and implementing an aquatic invasive species prevention and control strategy that includes soliciting the in-kind volunteer work that is identified in the grant application. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the 3-year project will be provided to DNR. Any publications produced as part of the project will incorporate the \201CStop Aquatic Hitchhikers!\201D\2122 brand (partnership details can be found at: http://www.protectyourwaters.org).

If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR will be provided both paper and electronic. pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee\2019s final payment request. All information associated with this project is subject to public record.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
1/1/2014
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Kelly Lake Advancement Assoc: Kelly Lake Ewm Response Ph. Ii: The Kelly Lake Advancement Association proposes to control Eurasian Watermilfoil in Kelly Lake by implementing control measures during the period 2014-2016. The project elements and deliverables are specified in the Kelly Lake Advancement Association\2019s Aquatic Invasive Species Emergency Response Grant application, dated January 31, 2014.

The project includes conducting Point Intercept surveys using the DNR Aquatic Plant Treatment Evaluation Protocol http://www4.uwsp.edu/cnr/uwexlakes/ecology/APM/Appendix-D.pdf , in addition to 3 late summer peak biomass surveys; controlling Eurasian Watermilfoil with aquatic herbicide treatments; and implementing an aquatic invasive species prevention and control strategy that includes soliciting the in-kind volunteer work that is identified in the grant application. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the 3-year project will be provided to DNR. Any publications produced as part of the project will incorporate the \201CStop Aquatic Hitchhikers!\201D\2122 brand (partnership details can be found at: http://www.protectyourwaters.org).

If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR will be provided both paper and electronic. pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee\2019s final payment request. All information associated with this project is subject to public record.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
2/15/2016
Waters Involved
Kelly Lake
Status
Complete

Kelly Lake Advancement Assoc: Kelly Lake Management Planning Project: The Kelly Lake Advancement Association is sponsoring a project to develop a Comprehensive Lake Management Plan consistent with NR 198.43 for Kelly Lake in Oconto County.

Project final deliverables include: 1)Water Quality and Watershed Analysis, 2)Fishery Data Compilation and Integration, 3)Shoreline Course Woody Habitat Assessment, 4)Aquatic/ Current Aquatic Plant Community Assessment, 5)Aquatic Invasive Aquatic Plant Surveys, 6) Completion of a WDNR \2013Approved Stakeholder Survey, 7)Public Participation in the Planning Process, 8)Clean Boats Clean Waters

Specific project activities include:
1) Water quality using WisCALM comparisons http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/surfacewater/assessments.html
2) Watershed analysis completed primarily with WiLMS and predictive equations.
3) Fishery compilation and integration within management plan
4) Conduct Point Intercept survey consistent with DNR Protocol http://www.uwsp.edu/cnr-ap/UWEXLakes/Documents/ecology/Aquatic%20Plants/PI-Protocol-2010.pdf 30
5) Professional Zebra Mussel monitoring
6) Completion of WDNR-approved social survey using DNR protocol http://intranet.dnr.state.wi.us/int/es/science/socialmanual.htm
7) Clean Boat Clean Water Inspections with a minimum of 200 hours per boat landing
8) Shoreline and course Woody Habitat Assessment per DNR protocol.

Special Conditions:
1) CLMN efforts should not be duplicated and these data shall be included in the trends analysis and final reporting;
2) All data CBCW and CLMN shall be entered into the SWIMS database.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
2/15/2016
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Kelly Lake Advancement Assoc: Kelly Lake Management Planning Project: The Kelly Lake Advancement Association is sponsoring a project to develop a Comprehensive Lake Management Plan consistent with NR 198.43 for Kelly Lake in Oconto County.

Project final deliverables include: 1)Water Quality and Watershed Analysis, 2)Fishery Data Compilation and Integration, 3)Shoreline Course Woody Habitat Assessment, 4)Aquatic/ Current Aquatic Plant Community Assessment, 5)Aquatic Invasive Aquatic Plant Surveys, 6) Completion of a WDNR \2013Approved Stakeholder Survey, 7)Public Participation in the Planning Process, 8)Clean Boats Clean Waters

Specific project activities include:
1) Water quality using WisCALM comparisons http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/surfacewater/assessments.html
2) Watershed analysis completed primarily with WiLMS and predictive equations.
3) Fishery compilation and integration within management plan
4) Conduct Point Intercept survey consistent with DNR Protocol http://www.uwsp.edu/cnr-ap/UWEXLakes/Documents/ecology/Aquatic%20Plants/PI-Protocol-2010.pdf 30
5) Professional Zebra Mussel monitoring
6) Completion of WDNR-approved social survey using DNR protocol http://intranet.dnr.state.wi.us/int/es/science/socialmanual.htm
7) Clean Boat Clean Water Inspections with a minimum of 200 hours per boat landing
8) Shoreline and course Woody Habitat Assessment per DNR protocol.

Special Conditions:
1) CLMN efforts should not be duplicated and these data shall be included in the trends analysis and final reporting;
2) All data CBCW and CLMN shall be entered into the SWIMS database.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2004
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Kamps Farm Manure Mgmt Proj: to costshare @70% BMPs installed on Kamps farm


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2005
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Marinette County: Duralt Bros Farm: Construction and installation of best management practices (BMPs) on the Duralt brothers' farm to abate manure runoff and livestock management issues that directly discharge manure and associated pollutants into adjacent wetland and Thomas Slough Creek.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Little River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Oconto
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Little River WatershedWatershed History Note

The Village of Lena is located in the Little River Watershed in Marinette and Oconto Counties. Originally known as the Maple Valley settlement, Lena owes its location to the railroads. The first white settlers in this vicinity arrived in the late 1870s and consisted primarily of French-Canadian immigrants. As was common in other areas populated by French-Canadians during this era, most of the Maple Valley residents engaged in small-scale logging, concentrating their work and their homes along Jones Creek, a tributary of the Little River. By 1879 the community had become large enough to support a post office and, since the name "Maple Valley" had already been assigned to another Wisconsin post office, the recommendation of a new name fell to Oconto Postmaster George R. Hall. Hall submitted the first name of his future wife (Lena) to the federal postmaster, and the choice was approved. Lena was incorporated as a village in 1921.

Date  2011