Watershed - Upper Eau Claire River (CW22)
Upper Eau Claire River Watershed

Details

The Upper Eau Claire River Watershed is located in Marathon and Langlade counties. The Upper Eau Claire River Watershed is made up of 214 square miles in the northeastern part of the Central Wisconsin Basin. The most significant problems are associated with the livestock along the major tributaries, and streambank erosion in agricultural portions of the watershed. Water quality impacts include siltation/sedimentation from streambank pasturing. Biotic index sampling detected degraded water quality conditions throughout the entire basin. The watershed was ranked using the Nonpoint Source Priority Watershed Selection Criteria. Based on surface and ground water data, the overall ranking is high, establishing a high priority for future grant eligibility through the Nonpoint Source Program

Date  2002

Nonpoint and Point Sources

The Wisconsin River Task Force Nonpoint Source Pollution Management Plan (1979) stated that the Eau Claire River Watershed was seriously affected b NPS pollution. The most signtficant problems are associated with the livestock along the major tributaries, and streambank erosion in portions of the watershed. Water quality impacts include siltation/sedimentation from streambank pasturing. Biotic index sampling detect degraded water quality conditions. The watershed was ranked per the Nonpoint Source Priority Watershed Selection Criteria. Based on NPS impacts on surface water quality, the watershed ranked "high" for NPS pollution control work.The groundwater portion of the watershed was also ranked "high". This was based on documented groundwater quality impacts from nonpoint sources.

Date  1991

Ecological Landscapes for Upper Eau Claire River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Upper Eau Claire River watershed is covered by the Forest Transition ecological landscape in its southern two-thirds and the North Central Forest landscape in its northern third. The Forest Transition Ecological Landscape lies along the northern border of Wisconsin's Tension Zone, through the central and western part of the state, and supports both northern forests and agricultural areas. The central portion of the Forest Transition lies primarily on a glacial till plain deposited by glaciation between 25,000 and 790,000 years ago. The eastern and western portions are on moraines of the Wisconsin glaciation. The growing season in this part of the state is long enough that agriculture is viable, although climatic conditions are not as favorable as in southern Wisconsin. Soils are diverse, ranging from sandy loam to loam or shallow silt loam, and from poorly drained to well drained. The historic vegetation of the Forest Transition was primarily northern hardwood forest. These northern hardwoods were dominated by sugar maple and hemlock, and contained some yellow birch, red pine and white pine. Currently, over 60% of this Ecological Landscape is non-forested. Forested areas consist primarily of northern hardwoods and aspen, with smaller amounts of oak and lowland hardwoods. The eastern portion of the Ecological Landscape differs from the rest of the area in that it remains primarily forested, and includes some ecologically significant areas. Throughout the Ecological Landscape, small areas of conifer swamp are found near the headwaters of streams, and associated with lakes in kettle depressions on moraines. Ground flora show characteristics of both northern and southern Wisconsin, as this Ecological Landscape lies along the Tension Zone. The North Central Forest Ecological Landscape occupies much of the northern third of Wisconsin. Its landforms are characterized by end and ground moraines with some pitted outwash and bedrock controlled areas. Kettle depressions and steep ridges are found in the northern portion. Two prominent areas in this Ecological Landscape are the Penokee-Gogebic Iron Range in the north extending into Michigan, and Timm's Hill, the highest point in Wisconsin (1,951 feet) in the south. Soils consist of sandy loam, sand, and silts. The vegetation is mainly forest, with many wetlands and some agriculture, though the growing season is not as favorable as it is in southern Wisconsin. Lake Superior greatly influences the northern portion of the Ecological Landscape especially during the winter season, producing greater snowfall than in most areas in Wisconsin. The historic vegetation was primarily hemlock-hardwood forest dominated by hemlock, sugar maple, and yellow birch. There were some smaller areas of white and red pine forest scattered throughout the Ecological Landscape, and individual white pines trees were a component of the hemlock-hardwood forest. Harvesting hemlock to support the tanneries was common at the turn of the century, and the species soon became a minor component of forests due to over-harvesting and lack of regeneration. Currently, forests cover approximately 80% of this Ecological Landscape. The northern hardwood forest is dominant, made up of sugar maple, basswood, and red maple, and also including some scattered hemlock and white pine pockets within stands. The aspen-birch forest type group is also relatively abundant, followed by spruce-fir. A variety of wetland community types also are present, both forested and non-forested.

Date  2010

Recreational Opportunities

Peters Marsh Wildlife Area covers 1,687 acres. The property is made up of a variety of habitat types including forests, fields, wetlands and native grass lands. This variety of cover provides homes to numerous wildlife species including waterfowl, ruffed grouse, deer, turkey, black bear, woodcock, snowshoe hare, beaver and many others. Hunters, hikers and birdwatchers alike will enjoy all that this property has to offer. There are 6 parking areas that provide access to more than ten miles of improved grass walking trails. Motorized vehicle travel is prohibited. Peters Marsh is located on county highway A nine miles northeast of Antigo.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
4/1/2012
Waters Involved
Kimball Lake
Status
Proposed

Lake Nancy Protective Association, Inc.: Lake Nancy/Kimball Lakes Cbcw & Education Project: The Nancy Lake Protective Association is sponsoring an AIS prevention & education project in partnership with the Kimball Lake Association which includes inspection of boats at the public boat landings utilizing paid inspectors & volunteers trained in previous years, and an information brochure mailing to lake residents.

Activities include: Boat inspections running Memorial Day through Labor Day.

Deliverables include a report including; 1) a summary of project accomplishments; 2) Watercraft inspection report including time and number of people reached, CB/CW survey results. Daily results will be entered into the DNR CB/CW database; 3) Information on any newly discovered AIS with appropriate maps; 4) Copy of brochures & educational materials sent in mailings; 5) AIS related materials generated or paid for by this grant.

Special conditions: The project sponsor shall immediately contact the DNR if a new aquatic invasive species is found.

This scope summarizes details provided in the application and does not negate tasks/deliverables described therein. Data, records, and reports, including GIS-based maps and digital images, must be submitted to the Department in a format specified by the regional AIS Coordinator. If consultant is to provide final report, it is recommended that Grantee provide AIS Coordinator with a draft. If consultant is to provide final report, it is recommended that Grantee provide AIS Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
East Branch Eau Claire River
Status
Complete

Summit Lake Assoc: Summit Lake Management Planning Project, Phase 1: Summit Lake Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Summit Lake, in Langlade County. The project will focus on developing a Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Summit Lake.

Phase 1 project activities include: 1) Stakeholder participation \2013 kick-off meeting, stakeholder survey, planning meetings (up to 2), wrap-up meeting, news release(s), and newsletter article; 2) Water quality sampling and analysis (Secchi, P, Chla, DO, temp, N, conductivity, pH, Alk, suspended solids, and Calcium); 3) Shoreline assessment; 4) Fisheries assessment; 5) Watershed assessment and P load modeling.

Project deliverables include: 1) Stakeholder survey, news release(s), and newsletter article; 2) Shoreland and water chemistry data; 3) Watershed maps and modeling data.

Specific conditions for this project: Draft of stakeholder survey needs to be submitted to Lakes Management Coordinator for review and approval before sending to public

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of news release(s), newsletter article, stakeholder survey, data from watershed assessment, shoreland assessment, and water quality sampling, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
East Branch Eau Claire River
Status
Complete

Summit Lake Assoc: Summit Lake Management Planning Project, Phase 2: Summit Lake Association is sponsoring phased project to study Summit Lake, in Langlade County. The project will focus on developing a Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Summit Lake.

Phase 2 project activities include: 1) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey, community mapping and analysis; 2) Curly-leaf pondweed survey; 3) Professional Dreissena monitoring; 4) Develop LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) PI data; 2) Aquatic plant community maps; 3) Two sets of aquatic plant vouchers; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, data from PI survey, all maps from project, all GIS data, and vouchers.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/20/1992
Waters Involved
Greater Bass Lake
Status
Complete

Greater Bass Lake P & R District: Greater Bass Lake Water Qual Monitoring & Land Use Assessmt: Replicate the water quality sampling conducted in 1979-1980 and the macrophyte survey conducted in 1979-1980 with modifications listed in the project description.Survey land use changes on lake shoreline and in watershed. Conduct a survey of landowners to determine their recreational needs and attitudes, and obtain information on septic systems. Information will be disseminated to the public by newslettermailing, public meeting, summary report mailing, and final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
7/11/1995
Waters Involved
Greater Bass Lake
Status
Complete

Greater Bass Lake P & R District: Bass Lake And Lady Lake Septic System Survey: 1) Evaluate and record soil conditions in the vicinity of individual wastewater disposal systems. 2) Record depth, color, and texture of individual horizons and any redoximorphic features present. 3) Record depth to observed water and bedrock.4) Estimate system elevation by measuring down inside the drain field vent. Determine system elevation and locationfrom owner information if vent is not present. 6) Note visual observations of effluent surfacing or direct discharge into the lake andtake actions to correct them. 7) Classify systems as being code-complying or noncode-complying. 8) Evaluate individual lots with noncode-complying systems for possible replacement options. 9) Prepare a final report which will include the taskslisted above. 10) The grantee qill disseminate information to the public by newsletter mailings, entire report mailings, public meetings, summary report mailings, and local newspaper mailings. Projrct results will be reposited at the Town Hall of Upham


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1996
Waters Involved
Greater Bass Lake
Status
Complete

Greater Bass Lake P & R District: Greater Bass Lake Wastewater Disposal Feasibility Planning: The Greater Bass Lake Protection and Rehabilitation District proposes to evaluate alternatives for wastewater disposal around Greater Bass Lake. Project activities include 1) cost effectiveness analysis of wastewater treatment alternatives (holding tanks/trucking, sanitary sewer, community on-site system, and replacement with similar systems) 2) recommendation and selection of alternative 3) meetings with district board and the public on alternatives, and 4) review comments from state and federal agencies. A final report, including copies of District Board meeting and public meeting notes, will be prepared discussing the project activities and results. A paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report will be provided to the Department of Natural Resources. Information about the project will be disseminated to the public by newsletter mailing, public meeting, summary report mailing, and local newspaper article.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1999
Waters Involved
Greater Bass Lake
Status
Complete

Greater Bass Lake P & R District: Greater Bass Watershed Management Plan: The Greater Bass Lake Protectection and Rehabilitation District intends to determine a nutrient budget for the watersheds of Bass and Lady lakes. That effort will include watershed mapping, determining land uses and nutrient export from each, estimating the nutrient load from septic systems and other non-point sources. A phosphorus budget will be determined with the WILMS computer model. Recommendations for minimizing nutrient export to the lakes will result from the completed study.

The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Summit Lake
Status
Complete

Summit Lake Assoc: Summit Lake Management Planning Project, Phase 1: Summit Lake Association is sponsoring phased large scale lake planning grants to study Summit Lake, in Langlade County. The project will focus on developing a Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Summit Lake.

Phase 1 project activities include: 1) Stakeholder participation \2013 kick-off meeting, stakeholder survey, planning meetings (up to 2), wrap-up meeting, news release(s), and newsletter article; 2) Water quality sampling and analysis (Secchi, P, Chla, DO, temp, N, conductivity, pH, Alk, suspended solids, and Calcium); 3) Shoreline assessment; 4) Fisheries assessment; 5) Watershed assessment and P load modeling.

Project deliverables include: 1) Stakeholder survey, news release(s), and newsletter article; 2) Shoreland and water chemistry data; 3) Watershed maps and modeling data.

Specific conditions for this project: Draft of stakeholder survey needs to be submitted to Lakes Management Coordinator for review and approval before sending to public

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of news release(s), newsletter article, stakeholder survey, data from watershed assessment, shoreland assessment, and water quality sampling, all maps from project, and all GIS data.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
Summit Lake
Status
Complete

Summit Lake Assoc: Summit Lake Management Planning Project, Phase 2: Summit Lake Association is sponsoring phased project to study Summit Lake, in Langlade County. The project will focus on developing a Lake Management Plan (LMP) for Summit Lake.

Phase 2 project activities include: 1) Point-intercept (PI) aquatic plant survey, community mapping and analysis; 2) Curly-leaf pondweed survey; 3) Professional Dreissena monitoring; 4) Develop LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) PI data; 2) Aquatic plant community maps; 3) Two sets of aquatic plant vouchers; 4) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: LMP needs Dept review and approval

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) and hard copy of LMP, data from PI survey, all maps from project, all GIS data, and vouchers.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
3/8/2000
Waters Involved
East Branch Eau Claire River
Status
Complete

Langlade County: Well Nitrate Project: To provide cost-share reimbursement for eligible landowners....


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Upper Eau Claire River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
11/8/2011
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
11/4/2011
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
11/4/2011
Proposed
Projects
 
Upper Eau Claire River WatershedWatershed History Note

The Upper Eau Claire River watershed, located in Langlade and Marathon counties, includes the northern portion of the City of Antigo, after which the state soil of Wisconsin was named. Francis D. Hole was the geography and soil science professor from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, who led a grassroots campaign to have Antigo silt loam named Wisconsin's state soil. Dr. Hole stated, "My goal in promoting popularization of the soil resource is not so much to attract young people to careers in soil science as to give all children and their parents and grandparents a chance to enjoy the soils of their native landscape." Antigo silt loam began thousands of years ago by the rivers of water flowing from hills of melting glacial ice. The summer flood waters first laid down gravel, which was followed by four feet of fertile windblown silt. The silt was slowly changed into productive soil by the action of forest roots and leaf fall. Antigo silt loam was first identified through a resource inventory conducted in Langlade County in 1933 and is found in areas across a dozen counties from Green Bay to Minnesota. In 1983 the Wisconsin legis┬Člature designated the Antigo silt loam as the official state soil to represent the soil resources of Wisconsin that serve as the foundation of life upon which plants, animals and human beings depend.

Date  2010