Watershed - Lower Big Eau Pleine River (CW17)
Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed

Details

The Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed is located in Marathon County. There are high rates of surface run-off due to the silty soils and steep gradients in the area. This results in pollution transport to the streams during run-off. Water quality concerns include stream sedimentation, turbidity, filamentous algae growths, excessive nutrient enrichment and diurnal shifts in dissolved oxygen levels. Accelerated soil erosion rates along with manure handling practices within the townships of Bergen, Mosinee, Cassel, and Day warrant conservation assistance. The Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed was ranked per the Nonpoint Source Priority Watershed Selection Criteria. Based on surface and ground water data, the overall ranking is high establishing the Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed as a high priority for future grant eligibility through the Wisconsin Nonpoint Source Water Pollution Abatement Program. In 1993, a nonpoint source control plan was approved for the Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed. The anticipated completion date was December 2002 (Haynes, 1993).

Date  2002

Population, Land Use

An area of concern involving surface water is non-metallic mining in the lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed in the Hadler-Mosinee area. Due to the decreasing availability of sand and gravel, excavations of rotten granite (grus) have increased. One particular area of concern is the Freeman Creek Watershed, where a large deposit is being mined. Studies of the current and long-term environmental impacts are warranted.

Date  2002

Nonpoint and Point Sources

The Upper Wisconsin River 208 Task Forces' Nonpoint Source Pollution Management Plan rated both the Upper and Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed severely affected by NPS pollution. Water quality and land use information indicated the NPS problems are both intense and widespread. At that time this watershed had the highest livestock density in the Upper Wisconsin River Basin. Both the Marathon County Animal Waste and Soil Erosion Control Plans recommend the Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed be considered as a future NR 120 priority watershed project. Accelerated soil erosion rates within the townships of Bergen, Mosinee, Cassel, and Day, plus manure handling practices, warrant conservation assistance. The Lower Big Eau Pleine River watershed was ranked per the Nonpoint Source Priority Watershed Selection Criteria. Based on NPS impacts on surface water quality, the watershed ranked "High" for NPS pollution control work. The watershed has been named a surface water priority watershed project under the Wisconsin Nonpoint Source Water Pollution Abatement pogram. The groundwater portion of the watershed ranked "Low".

Date  2002

Ecological Landscapes for Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Forest Transition Ecological Landscape lies along the northern border of Wisconsin's Tension Zone, through the central and western part of the state, and supports both northern forests and agricultural areas. The central portion of the Forest Transition lies primarily on a glacial till plain deposited by glaciation between 25,000 and 790,000 years ago. The eastern and western portions are on moraines of the Wisconsin glaciation. The growing season in this part of the state is long enough that agriculture is viable, although climatic conditions are not as favorable as in southern Wisconsin. Soils are diverse, ranging from sandy loam to loam or shallow silt loam, and from poorly drained to well drained. The historic vegetation of the Forest Transition was primarily northern hardwood forest. These northern hardwoods were dominated by sugar maple and hemlock, and contained some yellow birch, red pine and white pine. Currently, over 60% of this Ecological Landscape is non-forested. Forested areas consist primarily of northern hardwoods and aspen, with smaller amounts of oak and lowland hardwoods. The eastern portion of the Ecological Landscape differs from the rest of the area in that it remains primarily forested, and includes some ecologically significant areas. Throughout the Ecological Landscape, small areas of conifer swamp are found near the headwaters of streams, and associated with lakes in kettle depressions on moraines. Ground flora show characteristics of both northern and southern Wisconsin, as this Ecological Landscape lies along the Tension Zone.

Date  2010

Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed At-a-Glance

Impaired Water in Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed
River and Stream QualityAll Waters in Watershed

Stratford and Fenwood have municipal wastewater collection and treatment systems that discharge effluent to the Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed. Although these treatment plants are capable of producing effluents low in BOD and total suspended solids, they are a significant source of nutrients discharged to surface waters and are not designed and operated for nutrient removal. Cheese factories are also a potential source of nutrients if washwater is discharged to surface waters. Reducing these nutrient sources is vital in cleaning up the Big Eau Pleine Reservoir.

Date  2001

Watershed Trout Streams
Watershed Outstanding & Exceptional Resources
River and Stream QualityAll Waters in Watershed

Water qualiy concerns are similar to those of the Upper Big Eau Pleine River watershed. There are high rates of surface runoff due to the silty soils and steep radients in the area. This results in efficient pollution transport to the streams during runoff. Water quality problems include stream sedimentation, turbidity, filamentous algae growths, excessive nutrient enrichment and diurnal shifts in dissolved oxygen levels. The Upper Wisconsin River 208 Task Forces' Nonpoint Source Pollution Management Plan rated both the Upper and Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed severely affected by NPS pollution. Water quality and land use information indicated the NPS problems are both intense and widespread. At that time this watershed had the highest livestock density in the Upper Wisconsin River Basin. Both the Marathon County Animal Waste and Soil Erosion Control Plans recommend the Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed be considered as a future NR 120 priority watershed project. Accelerated soil erosion rates within the townships of Bergen, Mosinee, Cassel, and Day, plus manure handling practices, warrant conservation assistance. The Lower Big Eau Pleine River watershed was ranked per the Nonpoint Source Priority Watershed Selection Criteria. Based on NPS impacts on surface water quality, the watershed ranked "High" for NPS pollution control work. The watershed has been named a surface water priority watershed project under the Wisconsin Nonpoint Source Water Pollution Abatement pogram. The groundwater portion of the watershed ranked "Low". Another area of concern involving surface water is non-metallic mining in the lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed in the Hadler - Mosinee area. Due to the decreasing availability of sand and gravel, excavations of rotten granite (grus) have increased. One particular area of concern is the Freeman Creek Watershed, where a large deposit is being mined. Preliminary environmental impacts due to rotten granite mining include: dewatering of water-bearing material, thus lowering groundwater levels; reducing base flow discharging to streams; discharging of sediment-laden water to surface water; destruction of trout habitat through sedimentation and turbidity; potentially reducing surface water pH via leaching of Fluorite from rotten granite. Study of the current and longterm environmental impacts due to non-metallic mining in the Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed is warrented.

Date  1991

Watershed Trout Streams
Watershed Outstanding & Exceptional Resources

Lakes and Impoundments

Impaired Waters

List of Impaired Waters
Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Big Eau Pleine Reservoir
Status
Complete

Marathon County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Marathon County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: 1. The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Big Eau Pleine River
Status
Complete

Marathon County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Marathon County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: 1. The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2014
Waters Involved
Big Eau Pleine Reservoir
Status
Complete

Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization: Big Eau Pleine Plan 1: The Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization (BEPCO) proposes to conduct Phase 1 of its comprensive lake management planning effort on the Big Eau Pleine Flowage in Marathon County. Major project elements to include: a) dissolved oxygen modelling, b) communications planning and implementation, c) leadership development, d) plan development outreach, and e) final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2014
Waters Involved
Big Eau Pleine Reservoir
Status
Complete

Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization: Big Eau Pleine Plan 2: The Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization (BEPCO) proposes to complete Phase 2 of its comprehensive lake management planning effort on the Big Eau Pleine Flowage in Marathon County. Major project elements to include: a) strategic plan development, b) survey and social science assessment, c) comprehensive plan development, and d) final report.

Scope amendment: Remove stategic plan development and reallocate funding to remaining deliverables


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2014
Waters Involved
Big Eau Pleine River
Status
Complete

Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization: Big Eau Pleine Plan 1: The Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization (BEPCO) proposes to conduct Phase 1 of its comprensive lake management planning effort on the Big Eau Pleine Flowage in Marathon County. Major project elements to include: a) dissolved oxygen modelling, b) communications planning and implementation, c) leadership development, d) plan development outreach, and e) final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2014
Waters Involved
Big Eau Pleine River
Status
Complete

Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization: Big Eau Pleine Plan 2: The Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization (BEPCO) proposes to complete Phase 2 of its comprehensive lake management planning effort on the Big Eau Pleine Flowage in Marathon County. Major project elements to include: a) strategic plan development, b) survey and social science assessment, c) comprehensive plan development, and d) final report.

Scope amendment: Remove stategic plan development and reallocate funding to remaining deliverables


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2010
Waters Involved
Big Eau Pleine Reservoir
Status
Complete

Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization: Bepco Outreach: The Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization (BEPCO) proposes to upgrade its web site and financial management system to improve its outreach and capacity to implement projects for the betterment of the Big Eau Pleine Reservoir in Marathon County.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2010
Waters Involved
Big Eau Pleine River
Status
Complete

Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization: Bepco Outreach: The Big Eau Pleine Citizens Organization (BEPCO) proposes to upgrade its web site and financial management system to improve its outreach and capacity to implement projects for the betterment of the Big Eau Pleine Reservoir in Marathon County.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2007
Waters Involved
Big Eau Pleine River
Status
Complete

Marathon County: Manure Storage Abandonments-Bep: To cost-share closure of 11 abandoned manure storage facilities within the Big Eau Pleine River basin in order to satisfy NOIs writen for violations of the performance standards and prohibitions dealing with prevention of overflow from manure storage facilities and prevention of direct runoff from a feedlot or stored manure into waters of the state.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2007
Waters Involved
Fenwood Creek
Status
Complete

Marathon County: James Weiland Farm Noi: To cost-share installation of manure management and barnyard runoff practices in order to satisfy NOIs writen for violations of the performance standards and prohibitions dealing with prevention of overflow from manure storage facilities and prevention of direct runoff from a feedlot or stored manure into waters of the state.


Lower Big Eau Pleine River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
1427200 name Big Eau Pleine River TMDL ID 37 Start Mile 0 End Mile 16.6
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
11/8/2011
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Targeted Watershed Area (TWA)
Fenwood Watershed Biological Monitoring
Date
Status
Fenwood Watershed Biological Monitoring
1/1/2016
In Progress
Projects
 
Monitor or Propose 303(d) Listing
 
Date
Status
Fenwood Creek -1428700
7/1/2009
In Progress
Projects
 
Monitor or Propose 303(d) Listing
 
Date
Status
Freeman Creek - 1427700
7/1/2009
In Progress
Projects
 
Monitor or Propose 303(d) Listing
 
Date
Status
Big Eau Pleine River - 1427200
7/1/2009
Proposed
Projects
 
TMDL Development
Big Eau Pleine (1427200) TMDL
Date
Status
Big Eau Pleine Reservoir is a 6348 acre lake located in Marathon County. It has a maximum depth of 46 feet. The Big Eau Pleine Flowage (wbic 1427200) is listed on the Federal 303 (d) list for violations of the state dissolved oxygen and pH water quality standards. The Big Eau Pleine River is also on the list for dissolved oxygen levels below the water quality standard. Both listings are a result of excessive nutrient loading, primarily phosphorus, to the river and flowage.
1/1/2013
In Progress
Projects
 
Lower Big Eau Pleine River WatershedWatershed History Note

The Stratford area was once a lush forest of pristine hardwood and pine trees. The Indians followed the Big Eau Pleine River hunting and fishing for their survival. The first white men to walk on soil of what is now known as Stratford were the Fur Traders. In the late 1870’s German immigrants, Christian and Anna Weber, settled on the south banks of the Big Eau Pleine River. They built their own community called Webertown that consisted of a post office, general store, boarding house, lumber and shingle mill, and other related businesses. The rivers were the backbone of the growing lumber industry, which was responsible for the settlement of Wisconsin forest land. In 1890, it was announced that the Milwaukee Lake Shore and Western Railway Company would build a line from Wausau to Marshfield. The Connor family, wanting to expand, saw the opportunity to move to this area. W.D. Connor created a “company town” and renamed it Stratford.

Date  2010