Fish and Aquatic Life
BIRCH CREEK, in the East River Watershed, is a 4.39 mile river that falls in Brown County. This river is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water quality monitoring program uses a tiered approach to analyze compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards. The narrative summary of water condition will be posted here when one is available. See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards (State Administrative Code NR 102) provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more].
Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable.
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|119700||Unnamed||10017226||Trib. To East River-5 Feet Above Bridge Off Sth 57.||11/16/1979||11/16/1979||Map||Data|
|119700||Unnamed||10017222||Trib. To East River-E. Side Of Br. Above Farm At Bend In Stream Off Sth 57.||5/3/1979||5/3/1979||Map||Data|
Unnamed is located in the East River watershed which is 206.32 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (58.62%), suburban (12.03%) and a mix of forest (8.45%) and other uses (20.90%). This watershed has 432.18 stream miles, 7,625.39 lake acres and 6,193.00 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked high for streams, not available for lakes and high for groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of high. This water is not ranked for pollution runoff.
BIRCH CREEK is considered a Cool (Cold Transition) Headwater, Cold Headwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural Communities are identified based on modeled flow and temperature characteristics. Learn More
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
Cold Headwater streams are small, perennial streams with cold summer temperatures. Collectively, coldwater fishes are usually abundant (catch rate of >100 fish per 100 m of stream length sampled) to common (10- 100 per 100 m), transitional fishes are common to absent, and warm water fishes are absent (Table 2). Because of the small size of the stream, trout populations consist almost exclusively of small fish (< 5 inches) with larger fish absent except perhaps during spawning periods.