Little Kickapoo Creek, Millville Creek Watershed (LW01)
Little Kickapoo Creek, Millville Creek Watershed (LW01)
Little Kickapoo Creek (1182300)
5.55 Miles
2.62 - 8.17
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem
Year Last Monitored
This date represents the most recent date of water quality monitoring stored in the SWIMS system. Additional field surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2015
Unknown
 
Crawford
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
Yes
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
No
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
No

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Class III Trout
Streams capable of supporting a seasonal coldwater sport fishery and which may be managed as coldwater streams.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - waters that do not have a specific use designation subcategory assigned but which are considered fishable, swimmable waters.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Default FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - Default Waters do not have a specific use designation subcategory but are considered fishable, swimmable waters.

Overview

Little Kickapoo Creek flows in a southerly direction for approximately five miles before
emptying into the Wisconsin River. Springs contribute to cool summer stream temperatures.
This stream has a gradient of 33 feet per mile, but after the creek passes under the railroad
tracks near HWY 61, the gradient decreases rapidly. Little Kickapoo Creek is a Class II trout
stream for one mile downstream of Dutch Ridge Road and Class III for 1.5 miles upstream of
Dutch Ridge Road.
Wisconsin River fish are likely inhabitants of this lower portion of Little Kickapoo Creek for
at least part of the year. Brook trout were stocked in 1977 and the stream was surveyed in
1980. At the time of the survey, natural reproduction was evident by the brook trout
fingerlings documented, however the total number of brook trout was very low. Only forage
fish were documented during a survey conducted in 2000. The stream bottom in the upper
portion of the stream consisted mostly of gravel, cobble, with lesser amounts of boulder and
sand. In contrast, the station surveyed in the lower portion of the stream consisted almost
entirely of sand, silt and clay. In-stream habitat for adult fish in the upper portion of Little
Kickapoo Creek consisted mostly of woody debris, with some overhanging vegetation and
undercut banks. The only fish habitat noted in the lower portion of this stream was woody
vegetation. Little Kickapoo Creek should be stocked with wild brook trout fingerlings and
their progress tracked over time with fishery surveys. Access to Little Kickapoo Creek is from
three road crossings.

From: Ripp, Coreen, Koperski, Cindy and Folstad, Jason. 2002. The State of the Lower Wisconsin River Basin. PUBL WT-559-2002. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.

Date  2002

Author  Cynthia Koperski

Overview

Little Kickapoo Creek
Little Kickapoo Creek flows in a southerly direction for approximately five miles before emptying into the Wisconsin River. Springs contribute to cool summer stream temperatures. This stream has a gradient of 33 feet per mile, but after the creek passes under the railroad tracks near HWY 61, the gradient decreases rapidly. Little Kickapoo Creek is a Class II trout stream for one mile downstream of Dutch Ridge Road and Class III for 1.5 miles upstream of Dutch Ridge Road.

Wisconsin River fish are likely inhabitants of this lower portion of Little Kickapoo Creek for at least part of the year. Brook trout were stocked in 1977 and the stream was surveyed in 1980. At the time of the survey, natural reproduction was evident by the brook trout fingerlings documented, however the total number of brook trout was very low. Only forage fish were documented during a survey conducted in 2000. The stream bottom in the upper portion of the stream consisted mostly of gravel, cobble, with lesser amounts of boulder and sand. In contrast, the station surveyed in the lower portion of the stream consisted almost entirely of sand, silt and clay. In-stream habitat for adult fish in the upper portion of Little Kickapoo Creek consisted mostly of woody debris, with some overhanging vegetation and undercut banks. The only fish habitat noted in the lower portion of this stream was woody vegetation. Little Kickapoo Creek should be stocked with wild brook trout fingerlings and their progress tracked over time with fishery surveys. Access to Little Kickapoo Creek is from three road crossings.

Date  2001

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Little Kickapoo Creek, Millville Creek Watershed (LW01) Fish and Aquatic LifeLittle Kickapoo Creek, Millville Creek Watershed (LW01) RecreationLittle Kickapoo Creek, Millville Creek Watershed (LW01) Fish Consumption

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.

Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Little Kickapoo Creek is located in the Millville Creek watershed which is 121.78 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (50%), agricultural (34%) and a mix of wetland (8%) and other uses (8%). This watershed has 290.01 stream miles, 99.44 lake acres and 6,531.13 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Little Kickapoo Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

Cool (Cold-Transition) Mainstem streams are moderate-to-large but still wadeable perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are common to absent, mainstem species are abundant to common, and river species are common to absent.

Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.

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