Fish and Aquatic Life
Camp Four Springs, in the Upper South Fork Flambeau River Watershed, is a 4.36 acre springs-lake that falls in Price County. This springs-lake is a Class II Trout Water under the Fisheries Program. This springs-lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1983, Surface Water Resources of Price County,WI: WI-DNR Camp Four Springs, T40N, R2E, Section 14 Surface Area = 6.3 acres, Maximum Depth = 8 ft, MPA = 61 ppm, Secchi disk = 6 ft This spring pond is the headwaters of Camp Four Creek. The estimated outlet flow is 2.0 ft(3)sec to the Flambeau River South Fork. This spring was completely dredged in 1974. Its fishery is made up of brook trout, which are planted on an annual basis, and white suckers, creek chubs and mudminnows. The bottom is 90% muck and 10% gravel. Tag alders make up most of the shoreline, with upland hardwood the remainder. Wildlife values are limited to muskrat, beaver and some use by migrating waterfowl. The spring is owned by the Chequamegon National Forest and public access is available at three different points.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
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Camp Four Springs is located in the Upper South Fork Flambeau River watershed which is 278.98 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily wetland (45%), forest (41%) and a mix of open (6%) and other uses (9%). This watershed has 254.56 stream miles, 8,509.29 lake acres and 63,099.27 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.