Fish and Aquatic Life
Spring Brook is a six-mile-long coldwater stream originating just south of North Prairie and discharging to Genesee Creek above Saylesville Millpond. A small private dam and a larger public dam are operated on the brook creating Spring Lake and Willow Springs Lake, respectively. The general condition of Spring Brook is unknown at this time, but the water has been identified as a Class I Trout stream.
Author Jordan Emerson
Spring Brook (WBIC 770300) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new total phosphorus and biological (fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Need more data, was this instantaneous or continuous collection by volunteer or staff.
AU: 896988; ID: 10030864
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Spring Brook biological monitoring is needed because there has been a decline in the macroinvertebrate community in the last 20 years.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|770300||Spring Brook||10030864||Spring Brook at Holiday Rd||6/28/2010||10/6/2017||Map||Data|
|770300||Spring Brook||10010698||Spring Brook - Spring Brook Genesee1atHoliday Rd. (32m Upstream)||5/1/1980||10/1/2003||Map||Data|
|770300||Spring Brook||10030866||Spring Brook at Hwy 83||Map||Data|
|770300||Spring Brook||683231||Spring Lake Br - To Genessee Cr Bi||Map||Data|
Spring Brook is located in the Middle Fox River - Illinois watershed which is 247.72 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (48%), suburban (17%) and a mix of forest (16%) and other uses (19%). This watershed has 316.41 stream miles, 6,810.35 lake acres and 22,750.85 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.