Lake Superior, Fish Creek Watershed (LS08)
Lake Superior, Fish Creek Watershed (LS08)
Sixth Avenue West Beach (2751220)
0.83 Miles
0 - 0
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Year Last Monitored
This date represents the most recent date of water quality monitoring stored in the SWIMS system. Additional field surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2016
Unknown
 
Ashland
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
No
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
No
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
No

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - waters that do not have a specific use designation subcategory assigned but which are considered fishable, swimmable waters.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - waters that do not have a specific use designation subcategory assigned but which are considered fishable, swimmable waters.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Default FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - Default Waters do not have a specific use designation subcategory but are considered fishable, swimmable waters.

Overview

Lake Superior is the largest freshwater body in the world (third by volume). The St. Louis River, draining approximately 3,634 square miles of northeastern Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin, is the major U.S. tributary to Lake Superior. Beaches along Lake Superior are under recreational restrictions due to high counts of E. coli.

Date  2011

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Lake Superior, Fish Creek Watershed (LS08) Fish and Aquatic LifeLake Superior, Fish Creek Watershed (LS08) RecreationLake Superior, Fish Creek Watershed (LS08) Fish Consumption

General Condition

Lake Superior Bayview Park Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Thompson West End Park Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Little Sand Bay Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Saxon Harbor Beaches East and West were assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. These beaches were meeting their designated use and were not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Michigan Oronto Bay Beaches were assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. These beaches were meeting their designated use and were not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Wisconsin Point Beaches 4 and 5 were assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. These beaches were meeting their designated use and were not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Washington Avenue Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Siskiwit Bay Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Sioux River Beach North and Sioux River Beach South were assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. These beaches were meeting this designated use and were not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Port Wing Beach East and Port Wing Beach West were assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. These beaches were meeting this designated use and were not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Herbster Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Broad Street Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior La Pointe Memorial Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Kreher Park Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Casper Road Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Big Bay State Park Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior 6th Ave W Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting its designated use and not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

Lake Superior Wisconsin Point Lot 12 Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting its designated uses and not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

Impaired Waters

Barker Island Inner Beach was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new E. coli sample data clearly exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was proposed for E. coli listing again in 2018.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

Impaired Waters

Lake Superior Maslowski Beach was placed on the impaired waters list for Recreational Restrictions due to E. coli in 2016. The 2018 assessments showed continued Recreational Restrictions due to E. coli; new E. coli sample data clearly exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. Based on the most updated information, no change in the existing impaired waters listing was needed.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

Impaired Waters

Lake Superior Wisconsin Point Beach #2 was placed on the impaired waters list for Recreational Restrictions due to E. coli in 2008. The 2018 assessments showed continued Recreational Restrictions due to E. coli; new E. coli sample data clearly exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. Based on the most updated information, no change in the existing impaired waters listing was needed.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.

Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.

Reports

Recommendations

Aquatic Plant Monitoring or Survey
Miller Dam Lake (Chequamegon Waters Flowage) Association will conduct an Aquatic Plant Survey
Aquatic Invasives Research
This project will prioritize management actions based on threats posed to culturally significant resources by invasive plants. GLIFWC has documented over 8,000 non-native invasive plant sites in the Lake Superior counties of Wisconsin and Michigan. This data is being used to develop species distribution models for invasive plants. GLIFWC will develop similar models for culturally significant native species. Comparing these models will identify which invasives pose the greatest risk, and help prioritize areas for early detection/rapid response efforts.
Recreational Use Survey
The Great Lakes are the recreational outlet for millions of individuals and the need to close beaches should be kept to a minimum. The Great Lakes Regional Collaboration has as a goal the 90 – 95% reduction in chemical, algal, and bacterial contamination through the identification of nonpoint source pollution, implicated as a major source of contamination to the recreational waters of WI. Pollution of the nearshore waters of Lake Michigan and Lake Superior not only poses a threat to public health, but also to the economic wellbeing and quality of life for WI residents. Pollution of nearshore water quality also has ramifications for ecosystem health.
Habitat Restoration - Upland
Native vegetation cover Baseline: <50% Value at Grant Completion: >90% Long-term Value: restores native plant communty Year Long-term Value will be Achieved: 2011
Monitor Fish Tissue
GLIFWC will determine mercury levels in walleye, lake trout, whitefish, cisco, and siscowet from Lake Superior and walleye from inland lakes. Test results for selected fish species and areas in Lake Superior will be compared with data from previous testing. Results from inland waters will be used to update tribal and lake specific GIS maps and consumption advice aimed at reducing health risks associated with consuming mercury contaminated walleye.
Aquatic Plant Monitoring or Survey
Area infested by invasive species Baseline: 4100 feet Value at Grant Completion: 0 feet Long-term Value: enhances recovery of native plant community Year Long-term Value will be Achieved: 2011
Restore Riparian Habitat
Shoreline feet restored/enhanced Baseline: 0 feet Value at Grant Completion: 4100 feet Long-term Value: restores natural plant and wildlife community Year Long-term Value will be Achieved: 2011
Project Deliverable
This project will provide the following deliverables for the entire south shore of Lake Superior in Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan: 1) electronic device, toxic waste material, and petroleum based oil collection; 2) creation of a GIS data layer that identifies the locations of business and industry that contain hazardous materials in their MSDS and/or waste stream; and, 3) create/disseminate information to the public regarding the effect toxins have on the Lake Superior watershed - particularly the toxins contained in electronic devices.
Monitor Targeted Area
The Chequamegon Bay Area Partnership requests funding to provide beach sanitary surveys on eight previously un-surveyed beaches on tribal lands and implement actions to target, reduce, and remove the contamination identified in the watershed.
Restore Riparian Habitat
The Chequamegon Bay Area Partnership (CBAP), a collaboration of educational staff, tribal agencies, local citizens, natural resource agencies, and local governments, through lead applicant, Northland College, will restore and protect fish and other aquatic organism habitat in tributaries of the Chequamegon Bay watershed of Lake Superior. Projects reduce erosion and sedimentation through proper design and replacement of degraded culverts and will restore connectivity of tributaries to the lake by removing structural impediments to fish and other aquatic organisms. This proposal incorporates planning, design, implementation, and monitoring of fish and aquatic organism passage.
Monitoring Ecosystem
Under this project and with assistance from WDNR, Lake Superior Research Institute (LSRI) will conduct a comprehensive ecological assessment of Wisconsin’s Lake Superior basin communities identified as priority areas by the WDNR Plan. Sites and parameters proposed in this project were selected using guidance from the Wisconsin Great Lakes Strategy, the Lake Superior Binational Work Group 2011 Monitoring Priorities, and discussions with WDNR Lake Superior fisheries biologists and resource managers and are identified in the WDNR Plan. Sites included in the project are not part of the National Coastal Condition Assessment.
Information and Education
The Forum proposes to complete five outreach activities that promote the goals of the Lakewide Management Plan (LaMP) and the Great Lakes Regional Collaboration (GLRC). These activities target multiple primary audiences: public stakeholders; local elected officials; the faith community; recreational kayakers/canoeists; marina owners and users; and several secondary audiences. All audiences are positively affected by these outreach activities as we inform lake stakeholders how to reduce negative impacts on their communities and promote sustainable lifestyle choices, thus improving the overall quality of life in the basin. These projects include the following: 1. Launch a Lake Superior Stewards Project to Build Watershed Capacity 2. Develop a Bernie the Burn Barrel Display 3. Promote Climate Change Outreach to Watersheds through Webinars and Collaborations 4. Expand Education/Outreach about LaMP Priorities: Outreach at Special Events 5. Hold Special Meetings with Local Elected Officials to Build Watershed Capacity
TMDL Implementatoin
Saint Louis River TMDL
Monitor AOC Beneficial Use Impairments
Hog Island
Sediment Remediation
Conduct sediment sampling to determine the extent of contamination in Howards Bay and continue actions to advance remediation of contaminated sediment in the Bay.
Restore Riparian Habitat
Habitat Restoration - Instream
Conduct mulitple restorations in Wisconsin's Lake Superior Basin annually. Up to 100% funding of restoration costs. A 10 year voluntary agreement is required.

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Lake Superior is located in the Fish Creek watershed which is 156.55 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (57%), agricultural (20%) and a mix of grassland (8%) and other uses (15%). This watershed has 292.51 stream miles, 3,880.64 lake acres and 4,418.55 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Sixth Avenue West Beach's natural community is not yet identified under the state’s Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.