Fish and Aquatic Life
Anvil Lake, in the Eagle River Watershed, is a 376.96 acre lake that falls in Vilas County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1963, Surface Water Resources of Vilas County Anvil Lake T-40-N, R-11-E, Sections 13, 14, 23, and 24
This is a moderately fertile seepage lake with clear, slightly alkaline water, of moderate transparency. The bottom material is mostly sand and gravel. Recognized as a walleye-pan fish water, walleyes are considered to be abundant and smallmouth bass are known to be present. Suckers are considered to be a problem species at this time. The lake has excellent aesthetic qualities. Public use facilities are excellent on this lake due in part to the large amount of U.S. Forest Service frontage. In addition to four resorts and two public landings, there are boat rental facilities and a federal camp site on the lake.
Area = 380 Acres, Maximum Depth = 40 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Anvil Lake Beach was assessed for the 2018 listing cycle; E. coli data sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. This beach was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Anvil Lake (968800) was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; total phosphorus and chlorophyll sample data were clearly below 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was also assessed for chlorides and sample data were clearly below 2016 WisCALM chronic and acute listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water is meeting these designated uses and is not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|TOWN OF WASHINGTON: A Lake Protection Plan for Anvil Lake||2010|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSOCIATION, INC.: Anvil Lake Association WQ Study||2003|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSOCIATION, INC.: Anvil Lake Aquatic Macrophyte Baseline Survey||2004|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSN, INC: Anvil Lake Association 2016 Clean Boats Clean Waters||2016|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSN, INC: Anvil Lake AIS Monitoring & Harvesting Strategy||2017|
|TOWN OF WASHINGTON: Clean Boats Clean Waters Training||2006|
|TOWN OF WASHINGTON: LMI-Lake Management Plan Implementation Project for Anvil Lake||2011|
|Fish Propagation Actions||2001|
|TOWN OF WASHINGTON: Anvil, Boot & Deerskin Lakes Limnological Baseline Studies & APM Plans||2006|
|TOWN OF WASHINGTON: Instrumentation for Determining Water Balance for Anvil Lake||2010|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSN, INC: Anvil Lake EWM Early Detection Response Project||2012|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSN, INC: Anvil Lake AIS Early Detection & Response Project Phase 2||2013|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSN, INC: Anvil Lake Management Planning: AIS Control Strategy Development||2015|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSN, INC: Anvil Lake Clean Boats Clean Waters 2103||2013|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSN, INC: Anvil Lake Clean Boats Clean Waters||2014|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSN, INC: Anvil Lake 2015 Clean Boats Clean Waters Project||2015|
|ANVIL LAKE ASSN, INC: Anvil Lake Association 2017 CBCW||2017|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|968800||Anvil Lake||10039812||Anvil Lake Beach||7/21/2008||8/29/2016||Map||Data|
|968800||Anvil Lake||10006020||Anvil Lake||4/15/1993||7/15/2015||Map||Data|
Anvil Lake is located in the Eagle River watershed which is 181.70 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily wetland (44%), forest (34%) and a mix of open (14%) and other uses (8%). This watershed has 146.13 stream miles, 15,720.03 lake acres and 32,094.84 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.