Fish and Aquatic Life
Upper Copper Creek flows in a southerly direction for approximately 1.6 miles before reaching the North Branch Copper Creek. It has a moderate gradient of 55 feet per mile and is a Class II trout stream. A 1965 survey of Upper Copper Creek revealed only forage species inhabiting the stream. At the time, the stream bottom consisted mostly of sand, with lesser amounts of gravel, cobble, boulder and silt. A small portion of Upper Copper Creek was surveyed in 1989 revealing numerous minnow species along with a few brown trout. Access to Upper Copper Creek is from two road crossings.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Upper Copper Creek (1636100) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) and temperature sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1636100||Upper Copper Creek||10013841||Upper Copper Creek-1989-Ne 1/4 Se 1/4 Sec. 21-Starts At The Hwy. 171 Bridge Crossing.||Map||Data|
|1636100||Upper Copper Creek||10032090||Upper Cooper Creek - Driveway crossing off 3 cr. rd.||Map||Data|
|1636100||Upper Copper Creek||10013839||Upper Copper Creek Station 101-1946-Sw 1/4 Se 1/4 Sec. 10||Map||Data|
|1636100||Upper Copper Creek||10032303||Copper Creek 175 M downstream at bend (Ending at last lunker)||Map||Data|
|1636100||Upper Copper Creek||10013840||Upper Copper Creek Station 102-1946-Ne 1/4 Ne 1/4 Sec. 21.||Map||Data|
Upper Copper Creek is located in the Rush Creek watershed which is 240.16 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (44%), agricultural (31%) and a mix of open (13%) and other uses (13%). This watershed has 551.06 stream miles, 1,906.88 lake acres and 9,793.93 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.