Upper Middle Inlet, Middle Inlet and Lake Noquebay Watershed (GB09)
Upper Middle Inlet, Middle Inlet and Lake Noquebay Watershed (GB09)
Upper Middle Inlet (526100)
3.73 Miles
3.72 - 7.45
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool-Warm Mainstem
Year Last Monitored
This date represents the most recent date of water quality monitoring stored in the SWIMS system. Additional field surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2016
Good
 
Marinette
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
Yes
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
Yes
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
No

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Cold (Class II Trout)
Streams supporting a cold water sport fishery, or serving as a spawning area for salmonids and other cold water fish species. Representative aquatic life communities, associated with these waters, generally require cold temperatures and concentrations of dissolved oxygen that remain above 6 mg/L through natural reproduction and selective propagation. Since these waters are capable of supporting natural reproduction, a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration of 7 mg/L is required during times of active spawning and support of early life stages of newly-hatched fish.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
Cold (Class II Trout)
Streams supporting a cold water sport fishery, or serving as a spawning area for salmonids and other cold water fish species. Representative aquatic life communities, associated with these waters, generally require cold temperatures and concentrations of dissolved oxygen that remain above 6 mg/L through natural reproduction and selective propagation. Since these waters are capable of supporting natural reproduction, a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration of 7 mg/L is required during times of active spawning and support of early life stages of newly-hatched fish.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Cold
Streams capable of supporting a cold water sport fishery, or serving as a spawning area for salmonids and other cold water fish species. Representative aquatic life communities, associated with these waters, generally require cold temperatures and concentrations of dissolved oxygen that remain above 6 mg/L. Since these waters are capable of supporting natural reproduction, a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration of 7 mg/L is required during times of active spawning and support of early life stages of newly-hatched fish.

Overview

The Upper Middle Inlet is one of the major tributaries contributing nutrients to Lake Noquebay. It is classified as a Class II Trout water for the first 7.45 miles of the stream and a Class I Trout water for the next seven miles. The entire length of the stream is considered an Outstanding Resource Water.

Date  2011

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Upper Middle Inlet, Middle Inlet and Lake Noquebay Watershed (GB09) Fish and Aquatic LifeUpper Middle Inlet, Middle Inlet and Lake Noquebay Watershed (GB09) RecreationUpper Middle Inlet, Middle Inlet and Lake Noquebay Watershed (GB09) Fish Consumption

General Condition

Upper Middle Inlet was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new total phosphorus and biological (fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water is meeting this designated use and is not considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.

Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.

Reports

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Upper Middle Inlet is located in the Middle Inlet and Lake Noquebay watershed which is 155.58 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily wetland (39%), forest (34%) and a mix of agricultural (15%) and other uses (11%). This watershed has 145.85 stream miles, 3,254.49 lake acres and 28,278.00 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Upper Middle Inlet is considered a Cool-Warm Mainstem under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

Fisheries & Habitat

The Upper Middle Inlet Creek forms part of the Middle Inlet watershed and is a tributary to the Middle Inlet Creek. The watershed is forested and contains some agricultural land and is almost entirely in private ownership. It has a total stream length of 13.5 miles, with a surface area of 15.8 acres and an average width of 16 feet.

Trout Unlimited purchased a 48 acre parcel of land between McMahon Road and Highway 141 and donated it the State of Wisconsin in 1985. This is the only public land located on the Upper Middle Inlet Creek which leads to this section of the creek having some of the highest fishing pressure on this system.

The section of Upper Middle Inlet Creek between McMahon Road and Highway 141 has had several habitat improvement projects conducted on it over the years. The major habitat work included a sand trap that was constructed just downstream of the Highway 141 bridge crossing in 1986. A sand trap serves as a repository for sand upstream of the trap and lessens
the amount of sand traveling downstream that may impair trout habitat. This sand trap is periodically dredged out. In 1993 , several bank cover tructures were installed as well as some boulders placed in the creek.

The drought of 1987 - 1989 led to a season closure with catch and release allowed in 1989 and a total closure to fishing in 1990 opening again in 1991 to a catch and release season with artificial lures only. The fishing season reopened in 1992 and was reclassified to a category 2 trout stream with a 7 inch minimum size limit. Scheduled stocking of brook trout has occurred almost annually from 1943-2001. There have been no trout stocked into
the Upper Middle Inlet Creek since 2001.
The upper Middle Inlet Creek has 6 access points provided at road crossings. These are located on Dean Road, Nejedlo Road (2 crossings), Highway 141, McMahon Road (State owned land), and on Creek Road. The current (2005) fishing regulations class Upper Middle Inlet Creek as a category 2 trout stream. With a 7 inch size limit for all trout species and a daily bag limit of 5 in total. You may obtain a copy of current fishing regulations when you purchase your fishing license, or download a copy from our web site at: http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/water/fhp/fish/

Date  2013

Author  Justine Hasz