Henry Creek, Upper Sugar River Watershed (SP15)
Henry Creek, Upper Sugar River Watershed (SP15)
Henry Creek (887800)
0.98 Miles
0 - 0.98
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Coldwater
Year Last Monitored
This date represents the most recent date of water quality monitoring stored in the SWIMS system. Additional field surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2014
Unknown
 
Dane
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
Yes
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
No
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
No

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Cold (Class II Trout)
Streams supporting a cold water sport fishery, or serving as a spawning area for salmonids and other cold water fish species. Representative aquatic life communities, associated with these waters, generally require cold temperatures and concentrations of dissolved oxygen that remain above 6 mg/L through natural reproduction and selective propagation. Since these waters are capable of supporting natural reproduction, a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration of 7 mg/L is required during times of active spawning and support of early life stages of newly-hatched fish.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
Cold (Class II Trout)
Streams supporting a cold water sport fishery, or serving as a spawning area for salmonids and other cold water fish species. Representative aquatic life communities, associated with these waters, generally require cold temperatures and concentrations of dissolved oxygen that remain above 6 mg/L through natural reproduction and selective propagation. Since these waters are capable of supporting natural reproduction, a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration of 7 mg/L is required during times of active spawning and support of early life stages of newly-hatched fish.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
FAL Coldwater
Fish and Aquatic Life Coldwater - waters that do not have a specific designated (codified use) but which are have documented scientific support to ascertain indicating that the water is a cold fishable, swimmable water.

Overview

Henry Creek originates in Section 11 of Montrose Township (T5N, R8E) and flows west before joining the Sugar River (Figure 1). This small first order stream is only 1 mile long. It drains agricultural areas at its headwaters, but is bordered by emergent wet meadow for the lower two thirds of its length. The creek is spring-fed with a relatively steep gradient (WDNR, 1985). Henry Creek is currently classified as a Default Full Fish and Aquatic Life stream. It was placed on the state’s 303(d) list of impaired waters due to habitat impairments caused by sedimentation (WDNR, 1995). Since that time, land use improvements have resulted in good water quality and habitat. Lands that were in agriculture have now returned to wetland meadow and provide a good buffer for the stream. Farm properties near the headwaters have also employed conservation practices to reduce erosion. Amrhein

Date  2006

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Overview

Henry Creek is a very small spring fed tributary to the Sugar River near the community of Basco. The stream runs through a small wetland that is part of the larger Sugar River wetland complex. These wetlands serve an important function as a buffer for Henry Creek and the Sugar River, as well as for wildlife, fisheries, and scenic values. Although the stream has been listed on the EPA’s list of impaired waters due to problems caused by nonpoint source pollution, an EQIP project near the headwaters was completed in 1999 (Sutter, pers comm) and may have mitigated some of these impacts. The creek likely has good water quality and fair in-stream habitat (Marshall, pers. comm). Although the stream still contains some silted areas, there are many hard bottom areas of gravel and many undercut banks for fish habitat. Monitoring in 2002 indicated a healthy population of mottled sculpin, along with stickleback and several brown trout. The water temperature is being monitored to determine if the stream can support brook trout. If so, brook trout may be introduced to the stream in 2003.

Date  2002

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Historical Description

Henry Creek -T5N, R8E, Sec. 14, Surface acres = 0.1, Length = 1 mile, Stream order = I, Gradient = 27.8 ft/mile,
Base discharge = 1.3 cfs.
This very short, sprlng-fed tributary to the Sugar River is adjoined by approximately 40 acres of fresh meadow at its mouth. The gradIent is steep for this part of the county and water qualIty is good. Henry Creek is not managed for trout because of its small size. A private trout rearing pond has another outlet to the creek and some trout reportedly escape to the creek. White suckers and many small forage fish were observed but not identifIed in the fall of 1981. Access is available at two road crossings. Fish species: white sucker and forage fish (unsp.)

From: Day Elizabeth A.; Grzebieniak, Gayle P.; Osterby, Kurt M.; and Brynildson, Clifford L., 1985. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of Dane County, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI

Date  1985

Author   Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin

Henry Creek, Upper Sugar River Watershed (SP15) Fish and Aquatic LifeHenry Creek, Upper Sugar River Watershed (SP15) RecreationHenry Creek, Upper Sugar River Watershed (SP15) Fish Consumption

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.

Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.

Reports

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Henry Creek is located in the Upper Sugar River watershed which is 105.96 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (65%), suburban (14%) and a mix of forest (13%) and other uses (7%). This watershed has 183.62 stream miles, 151.49 lake acres and 2,231.15 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Henry Creek is considered a Coldwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

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