Fish and Aquatic Life
Originating from a spring, this small stream flows southwest and joins the Sugar River below Albany. The water is clear as the stream meanders between wooded shorelines (Water Resources of Green Co; Amrhein pers. obs.) A stream improvement project completed some fencing and bank repair in an effort to increase the streams trout potential was completed sometime prior to 1980 (Surface waters of Green Co). Today, an old sign indicating the area of improvement remains on the downstream side of County HWY E (Amrhein, pers. obs). The lower 2 miles of this 3 mile stream are classified as a Class III trout fishery, but since monitoring has not been conducted recently and it is no longer stocked with trout it is not known if a trout fishery still exists (Bush, pers comm.). There is a small residential development near the creek, but it is not impacting the creek.
Author Aquatic Biologist
The Marsh Creek (Mouth to third tributary) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; total phosphorus sample data clearly met the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. Available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). Temperature data did not exceed thresholds. This water was meeting this designated use and not considered impaired.
Author Amanda Smith
Marsh Creek was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new total phosphorus sample data were clearly below 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water is meeting this designated use and is not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
Marsh Creek is located in the Lower Middle Sugar River watershed which is 56.40 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (81%), forest (10%) and a mix of suburban (5%) and other uses (5%). This watershed has 126.77 stream miles, 142.28 lake acres and 1,552.10 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.