Fish and Aquatic Life
The Pine River is a spring fed river that begins in Vernon County and flows south to the
Wisconsin River. The section of the river in this watershed is classified as a warm water sport
fishery for the lower 17 miles. The upper two miles above County Highway AA are able to support a
Class II trout stream. A rare aquatic species has been found in the river. The river
is threatened by nonpoint source pollution.
The Pine River originates from springs in southern Vernon County. The Pine River is
currently classified as a Class II trout stream for 17 miles. The remaining portion of the river
is considered a warm water sport fishery. A rare aquatic species has been found in the creek in
past surveys. The Pine River has been hydrologically modified as a part of a flood control
project. One of the largest threats to the water quality in the Pine River is from nonpoint
source pollution and the river is affected by cropland erosion and streambank pasturing which
contribute sediment to the river and affects in-stream habitat. The Pine River receives point
source discharges from the Hub City/Rockbridge Sewerage District and Foremost Farms.
From: Ripp, Coreen, Koperski, Cindy and Folstad, Jason. 2002. The State of the Lower Wisconsin River Basin. PUBL WT-559-2002. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
The Pine River (CTH AA to the Richland-Vernon county line) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; temperature and available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category) based on the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and not considered impaired.
Author Amanda Smith
The Pine River (Mouth to CTH AA) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; total phosphorus data clearly exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. Available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). This water was not meeting this designated use and was considered impaired. No listing change was needed to this already impaired water.
Author Amanda Smith
Pine River (1220600) from the mouth to CTH AA was placed on the impaired waters list in 2014 for total phosphorus. The 2016 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; total phosphorus sample data exceeded 2016 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use, however, available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing is needed.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011110||Pine River Heidenreich Rd. To Muncle Rd||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011111||Pine River 1964 Station 1 Shellington Lane Bridge To Property Line 800 Yds Upstream||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011123||Pine River 1974 Station 2- Shellington Dr. To Sth 80||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011133||Pine River 1974 Station 12 Jindrick Prop. Line To Resac Lane||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011134||Pine River 1974 Station 13 Resac Lane To Heidenreich Lane||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10043990||Pine R US of CTH AA||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||533059||Pine River Rock Bridge - Hwy 80 Near Cth D Intersection||11/1/1993||11/1/1993||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10036274||Pine River - Area of Open Water||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011103||Pine River - Pine River Station 1 (Hwy 80 To Entrance Of Malancthon Creek)||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011119||Pine River 1966 Station 6 Cty I To Trib Entry Due West Of Hub City||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011128||Pine River 1974 Station 7 -Beatty Drive To Cty C||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10043989||Pine River ~800M US of HWY 80 on the Public Land||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011107||Pine River Station 5 (Upstream From Quarry Rd)||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011109||Pine River Resac Rd To Heidenreich Rd.||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011118||Pine River 1966 Station 5 Shellington Drive To Cty C||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011126||Pine River 1974 Station 5 Cty C To Quarry Drive||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011131||Pine River 1974 Station 10- Cty C To Entry Of Trib From North||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||533053||Pine River - Muncie Rd||11/1/1993||11/1/1993||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011105||Pine River Station 3 (Start Se Boundary Of Hewwe Prop. Up ~200 Yds.)||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011113||Pine River 1964 Station 3 As It Flows Through Lester Graves' Property||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011122||Pine River 1974 Station 1- Cty I To Sth 80||8/18/2014||8/18/2014||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011127||Pine River 1974 Station 6 Quarry Drive To Stowell Drive||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10036670||Pine River - Area of Open Water||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011104||Pine River Station 2 (Junct. With Melancthon Cr. Up To Wits Row Cottonwood)||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011117||Pine River at Cth C and Dove Ln to Quarry Dr||7/1/2002||11/29/2002||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011125||Pine River 1974 Station 4 Dead End Rd. On Border Of Sections 21 And 28 To Cty C||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011136||Pine River - Pine River 1975 (1974 Station 4) Dead End Rd. On Border Of Sections 21 And 28 To Cty C||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10014459||Pine River- Bridge On Muncle Rd To 1st Beaver Dam||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||533051||Pine River West Branch - Yuba City||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10035796||Pine River - Area of Open Water||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011130||Pine River - Pine River 1974 Station 9 Center Of T.12n.-R.1e.-S.7 To Cty C||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011132||Pine River 1974 Station 11 -Entry Of Trib From North To Jindrick Prop. Line||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011135||Pine River - Pine River 1976 Hatcher Lane To Quarry Lane||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10043894||Pine R at Hwy 80 (N of Gardner Wall Ln)||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011112||Pine River 1964 Station 2 River As It Flows Through T.12n.-R.1e.-S20||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011116||Pine River 1966 Station 3 Pier Morgan To Lester Graves' Farm||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011120||Pine River DS STH. 80 Bridge||6/7/2012||10/23/2012||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011124||Pine River 1974 Station 3 Sth 80 To Dead End Rd. On Border Of Section 21 And 28||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10030643||Pine River at Cty Rd C bridge||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10032685||Pine River at Cunningham Ln. culvert Rockbridge||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10043820||Pine R US of Hwy 80 N of Hub City||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011108||Pine River at Cty C||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011114||Pine River 1966 Station 1 Hwy 80 In Yuba To Bridge In Section 1||8/27/2012||8/27/2012||Map||Data|
|1234000||Unnamed||10011115||Pine River 1966 Station 2 Steel Bridge On Carl Jindrick'S Farm To Hwy H||Map||Data|
|1220600||Pine River||10011137||Pine River 1975 (1974 Station 5) Cty C To Quarry Drive||Map||Data|
Pine River is located in the Upper Pine River watershed which is 179.98 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (48%), forest (45%) and a mix of suburban (5%) and other uses (2%). This watershed has 404.04 stream miles, 92.10 lake acres and 3,397.98 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.