Fish and Aquatic Life
Pine Creek, located in central Crawford County, flows in a southeasterly direction for 6.5 miles before reaching the Kickapoo River near Steuben. This stream has a gradient of 24 feet per mile and drains forested hillsides and agricultural valleys. Pine Creek is a Class II trout stream for its entire length.
The most recent survey, completed in 1997, documented brown trout and numerous forage fish species. In-stream cover consisted of undercut banks, log tangles and aquatic vegetation.
Silt was the primary bottom type, followed by rubble and sand. This stream has potential to become a quality trout stream, however flooding, streambank grazing of livestock and beaver dams are negatively affecting the habitat and consequently the fishery of Pine Creek. Stocking of wild brown trout and resurveying the stream is recommended. Pine Creek would benefit from the purchase of streambank easements from willing sellers and the restoration of instream habitat. WDNR records indicate Pine Creek has been stocked with brown trout consistently since 1960, but with wild brown trout only since 2001. Access to Pine Creek is from WDNR easements and five road crossings.
From: Ripp, Coreen, Koperski, Cindy and Folstad, Jason. 2002. The State of the Lower Wisconsin River Basin. PUBL WT-559-2002. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Pine Creek has the potential to improve from a Class III to a Class II trout stream if nonpoint source water pollution is controlled. The village of Eastman (WWTP) will begin to discharge to this stream in late 1992.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Pine Creek (WBIC 1183000) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new total phosphorus and biological (macroinvertebrate and fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10011177||Pine Creek - Pine Creek Station 2||6/5/2014||6/5/2014||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10032693||Pine Creek above Otter Creek mouth||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10013704||Pine Creek Station 5-1997-Se 1/4 Ne 1/4 Sec. 33||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10011178||Pine Creek - Pine Creek Station 4 - Lower Fenceline Of Easement||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10013690||Pine Creek Station 6-1963-Nw 1/4 Ne 1/4 Sec. 3||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10013694||Pine Creek Station 2-1954-Sw 1/4 Sw 1/4 Sec. 12-Starts At Confluence With Otter Creek.||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10013700||Pine Creek Station 4-1954-Sw 1/4 Nw 1/4 Sec. 2||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10037566||Pine Creek on Duha Ridge Rd||5/24/2012||8/16/2012||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10013702||Pine Creek Station 3-1975-Ne 1/4 Se 1/4 Sec.11-Starts At Hwy 179 Bridge Crossing.||5/16/2012||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10029571||Pine Creek at Dahlberg Rd St. 3 - 2008||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10011176||Pine Creek - Pine Creek Station 1 - Off Of Morovitz Hollow||7/9/2015||7/9/2015||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10013689||Pine Creek Station 5-1963-Ne 1/4 Ne 1/4 Sec.3||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10013699||Pine Creek Station 3-1954-Sw 1/4 Se 1/4 Sec. 2||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10013701||Pine Creek Station Walker Hollow Rd. Bridge ||5/14/1997||10/8/2017||Map||Data|
|1183000||Pine Creek||10013703||Pine Creek Station 3-1997-Nw 1/4 Se 1/4 Sec. 2-Starts At Downstream End Of Easement Land.||Map||Data|
Pine Creek is located in the Lower Kickapoo River watershed which is 150.21 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (50%), agricultural (41%) and a mix of wetland (4%) and other uses (5%). This watershed has 383.20 stream miles, 387.48 lake acres and 3,662.70 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.