Fish and Aquatic Life
This stream originates from springs at the base of the highest point in Bayfield County and flows north to Morgan Creek. The stream has a high gradient of some 100 feet per mile. Once it enters Section 1 T45N R5W it becomes a Class I trout water and is classified an exceptional resource water. The stream bottom is primarily rubble, sand and gravel with an occasional boulder. Bordering streambank vegetation is mixed upland hardwoods. During survey work conducted as part of the coastal wetlands evaluation one rare species of macroinvertebrate was found and overall taxa richness was high (25 species or more) (Epstein 1997).
Author Aquatic Biologist
Hawkins Creek was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no fish or macroinvertebrate Index of Biological Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" category) based on the 2018 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life designated use. Temperature data also did not exceed thresholds. This water was meetings its designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Amanda Smith
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2920300||Hawkins Creek||10029146||Hawkins Creek - 15 m upstream forest road 383 B - Station #3||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2920300||Hawkins Creek||10029145||Hawkins Creek - 106 m downstream snake trail road - Station #2||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2920300||Hawkins Creek||10039134||Hawkins Creek at Snake Trail Rd||6/12/2012||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Two monitoring stations associated with Hawkins Creek were monitored in 2008. Hawkins Creek 106 meters downstream Snake Trail Road indicated "poor" conditions and 15 meters upsream of Forest Road 383 B was indicated as "fair".
Author Lisa Helmuth
Hawkins Creek is located in the Marengo River watershed which is 217.53 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (67%), agricultural (12%) and a mix of wetland (11%) and other uses (10%). This watershed has 450.89 stream miles, 1,497.18 lake acres and 18,112.32 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.