Fish and Aquatic Life
Baseline Monitoring Survey: 2002: Site Seq No126031 CountyBAYFIELD StationNamSOUTH FORK WHITE RIVER, 5 METERS UPSTREAM OF LARGE SPRING INFLOW (HISTORIC STATION 3) WBIC2904200 Srvy Seq No51337 Primary Survey PurposeBASELINE MONITORING Targetfish CodeZ100 Survey StatusDATA ENTRY COMPLETE AND PROOFEDSample Date08-05-2002 Gear TypeSTREAM SHOCKER Distance Shocked Dist Units248.5 METERS: BROOK TROUT 62 BROWN TROUT 979
Author Aquatic Biologist
Lake Superior Basin Plan. 1999. The South Fork of the White River is a high quality spring-fed trout stream that is one of the main tributaries forming the White River. The headwaters were once a private fish hatchery that included private raceways, artificial ponds and impoundments. WDNR purchased the area in 1961, removing the dams and concrete bulkheads to allow the stream to return to its natural channel, draining two of the impoundments and partially draining a third.
Brook and brown trout are common in this stream, which is considered a Class I trout water and an outstanding resource water. In the late 1960s, stream improvement efforts aimed at rectifying the damage to stream cover caused by siltation behind the old dams. The stream has extensive in-stream aquatic vegetation, is used by beaver, muskrat and nesting ducks and migratory waterfowl.
Author Aquatic Biologist
The South Fork of the White River was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category) based on the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and not considered impaired.
Author Amanda Smith
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2904200||South Fork White River||10020452||S. Frk White River-35 M Downstream Of White R. Fisheries Road||11/3/2005||11/3/2005||Map||Data|
|2904200||South Fork White River||10007933||South Fork White River - South Fork White River Delta Drummond Rd.||10/16/2000||10/16/2000||Map||Data|
|2904200||South Fork White River||10009918||South Fork White River - South Fork White River 5 Meters Upstream Of Large Spring Inflow (Historic Station 3)||Map||Data|
|2904200||South Fork White River||10030826||South Fork White River - Downstream end of boom cover at end of access trail - Station #3||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2904200||South Fork White River||10030780||South Fork White River - 25 m upstream confluence with West Fork White River upstream Delta-Drummond Road - Station #1||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2904200||South Fork White River||10015896||White River - South Fork - 1/2 Mile Upstream White River Fisharea Parking Lot||11/6/2002||11/6/2002||Map||Data|
|2904200||South Fork White River||10022567||SOUTH FORK WHITE RIVER - 30 METERS UPSTREAM UNNAMED TRIBUTARY FROM SOUTH - STATION #2 (Trend)||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2904200||South Fork White River||10043259||W Fork White River at Delta Drummond Rd||7/1/2014||10/4/2014||Map||Data|
South Fork White River is located in the White River watershed which is 366.15 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (70%), wetland (11%) and a mix of grassland (6%) and other uses (12%). This watershed has 472.79 stream miles, 7,218.85 lake acres and 29,057.91 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.