Fish and Aquatic Life
1999 Lake Superior Basin Plan. This substantial stream flows from the four-foot head dam at the outlet from Lake Owen, an outstanding resource water lake, through several small lakes until it meets the White River in the Bibon Marsh. The reaches upstream from the outlet of Drummond Lake are considered to be forage waters only. The stream is impounded behind a 15-foot head dam on Mill Pond Lake (Rust Flowage) and a 13-foot head dam on Drummond Lake where water temperatures have the potential to increase. Below Drummond Lake, Long Lake Branch is considered an outstanding resource water and Class I trout stream. Bank feeders provide spring water and numerous trout waters feed the stream.
The Drummond wastewater treatment plant discharges treated effluent to a bog wetland from an outfall in the SESW and SWSE S28 T45 N R07W to the outlet in SESW S28 T45N R7W. This stretch of wetland is recommended for inclusion in NR104 as supporting limited aquatic life. Emerging from the bog wetland at a weir outlet and flowing north is an intermittent tributary to Long Lake Branch downstream of Drummond Lake. The intermittent tributary flows into another wetland that surrounds a 4.4-acre unnamed lake, known locally as Weso Lake, passes under the abandoned Chicago and Northwestern railroad grade and is joined by another feeder. This intermittent tributary from the wetland outlet to the entrance of the lake is also recommended for classification as supporting only limited aquatic life. A site review conducted in 1991 indicated high levels of phosphorus in the stream near the outlet weir and just below the abandoned railroad grade. A substantial increase in the five-day biochemical oxygen demand level occurred downstream of the rail bridge and staff reported a noticeable odor of sewage in the water. This odor still existed six months later. The 1991 site visit indicated no adverse impacts on Long Lake Branch from the discharge. The watershed characteristics rated excellent, while in-stream habitat, due to a lack of depth and siltation in the streambed, rated fair to poor. Habitat availability rated fair. Beaver activity is noted throughout the watershed.
This stream is identified in the Lake Superior Coastal Wetland Evaluation (Epstein 1997) as an aquatic priority site. Most of the stream's influence stems from the Winegar Moraines subsection, but the lower few miles are in the Lake Superior Clay Plain subsection. The insect fauna here was the richest seen in the study, with 66 taxa, five of which are rare (Epstein 1997). The 33 taxonomic families were comprised mostly of caddisflies and mayflies, with significant numbers of dragonflies and true flies. Negative impacts noted included impoundment (Rust Flowage) and silt. Bank erosion, failing septic systems and urban pollutants are threats.
From: Turville-Heitz, Meg. 1999. Lake Superior Basin Water Quality Management Plan. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Aquatic Biologist
The Long Lake Branch (Mile 0 to 16.92) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category) based on the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was not meeting this designated use and was considered impaired. No listing change was needed to this already impaired water.
Author Amanda Smith
Long Lake Branch (2894900) was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; temperature data exceeded 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10013227||Long Lake Branch Of White River - 20 Mile Creek Confluence Station||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10029130||Long Lake Branch - 5 meters upstream from Johnson Spring Confluence - Station #5||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10013194||Long Lake Branch Of White River- Off Nymphia Lake Road Upstream Of Trail Leading To River-Station#1||5/24/2006||5/24/2006||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10010424||Long Lake Br - Long Lake Branch Of White Index Station||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10013240||Long Lake Branch Of The White River - 1/2 Mile Station||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10014682||Long Lake Branch Downstream Of Drummond Lake Dam||5/24/2006||5/24/2006||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10022557||Long Lake Branch White River - 50 Meters Upstream Taylor Lane - Station #1(2007)||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10029128||Long Lake Branch - Upstream of trail off section line road at the end of Nymphia Lake Road - Station #2 - ||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10014677||Long Lake Branch Downstream Of Johnson Springs||5/24/2006||5/24/2006||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10029129||Long Lake Branch - 179 m downstream of confluence with Johnson Springs - Station #4||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10014676||Jader Creek Upstream Of Confluence With Long Lake Branch||5/24/2006||5/24/2006||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10029131||Long Lake Branch - 611 m downstream of North Country Trail Foot Bridge - Station #6||Map||Data|
|2894900||Long Lake Branch||10041179||143 M DOWNSTREAM DRUMMOND TRAIL FOOTBRIDGE (STATION 6) (2013)||Map||Data|
Long Lake Branch is located in the White River watershed which is 366.15 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (70%), wetland (11%) and a mix of grassland (6%) and other uses (12%). This watershed has 472.79 stream miles, 7,218.85 lake acres and 29,057.91 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.