Fish and Aquatic Life
A Pine Creek tributary at T47N R6W S10, flowing from west of Lake Louise between the Pine and Little Pine Creeks is described in Wisconsin Trout Streams as supporting a Class I trout fishery and is classified as an Outstanding Resource Water. U.S. Geological Survey 7-minute series topographical maps show the stream as intermittent. Compilers of the GIS database of streams were told that the best professional judgment of the local resource manager indicates the stream is perennial. The stream actually enters Pine Creek, according to topographical surveys, just over the section line in Section 11, which is confirmed somewhat by the Master Waterbody System location of an unnamed stream entering Pine Creek in the SWSW of Section 11. Where such discrepancies occur in various data sources, it would be useful to field check locations (See discussion under Data Management in the Basinwide Issues section of this plan).
This stream has suffered extensive damage to stream banks as a result of cattle (Pratt 77). Surface Waters of Bayfield County describes a stream at T47N R6W S11 (SWSE) as being a Class I trout stream. This stream is described as originating in Section 1, south of the Moquah Barrens. From the map, the stream could actually originate in Section 1 or 2. This stream occurs several miles from the other stream, to the east of the community of Moquah and appears on the map to be perennial. The documentation claims the stream has a baseflow of five cubic feet per second, a significant discharge. It is possible the two streams have been confused, since there are a number of streams entering Pine Creek in Section 11, or that more than one unnamed trout stream flows into Pine Creek and this stream may need to be added to the code. According to Surface Waters of Bayfield County, brown, rainbow and brook trout are common in the stream, many of them migratory from Lake Superior. The stream is described as having poor bank cover due to grazing along streambanks. It would be useful to field check the streams in this area to be sure all streams that should be managed to protect cold water communities are accounted for.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2889400||Unnamed||10022843||Unnamed Tributary To Pine Creek-Fratt Property||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Unnamed is located in the Fish Creek watershed which is 156.55 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (57%), agricultural (20%) and a mix of grassland (8%) and other uses (15%). This watershed has 292.51 stream miles, 3,880.64 lake acres and 4,418.55 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.