Fish and Aquatic Life
This tributary to North Fish Creek is a Class I trout stream considered an excellent coho salmon spawning and nursery ground (Davis) and classified as an outstanding resource water. Lake Louise, a privately owned impoundment with numerous bottom springs, serves as the headwaters of this stream. The sand and gravel stream bottom provide spawning areas for Lake Superior migratory trout and salmon species. This watershed has largely been cleared for agricultural purposes, and the headwaters area includes portions of the Chequamegon National Forest that have the potential for forestry activity. At least 14 springs were counted along an unnamed tributary entering Little Pine Creek in Section 10; the tributary supports a self-sustaining trout population according to the best professional judgment of the fisheries manager (Pratt 1977). Cattle crossings and grazing streambanks, barnyard runoff and trampling of the streambank have degraded portions of this tributary; some gravel areas may become silted due to cattle activity. This tributary has degraded habitat and possible polluted runoff from barnyards (Pratt 1977).
From: Turville-Heitz, Meg. 1999. Lake Superior Basin Water Quality Management Plan. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Little Pine Creek (WBIC 2889000) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2889300||Lake Louise||100859||Lake Louise||6/29/2007||6/29/2007||Map||Data|
|2889000||Little Pine Creek||10031920||Little Pine Creek US Cth G||Map||Data|
|2889000||Little Pine Creek||10031919||Little Pine Creek upstream of CTH G||Map||Data|
|2889000||Little Pine Creek||10031921||Mouth of Little Pine Creek||Map||Data|
Little Pine Creek is located in the Fish Creek watershed which is 156.55 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (57%), agricultural (20%) and a mix of grassland (8%) and other uses (15%). This watershed has 292.51 stream miles, 3,880.64 lake acres and 4,418.55 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.