Fish and Aquatic Life
Smith Creek originates in Ashland County and flows South until reaching Smith Lake along the North Fork of the Flambeau River. The first eight miles of the stream is classified as a Class II Trout water.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Smith Creek, a trout stream near Park Falls, has the potential for impact from the abandoned city of Park Falls dump on the banks of the creek in the town of Lake. Oil has spilled to the Creek in recent years from construction yards near the creek. Fishkills occurred in the 1960s and 1970s (Scholl 1993).
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
WRM should conduct toxicant monitoring and / or biomonitoring on Smith Creek (Type B).
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2289100||Smith Creek||10011654||Smith Creek - Upstream Maple Ridge Road||10/26/2004||10/26/2004||Map||Data|
|2289100||Smith Creek||10020802||Smith Creek-9 Yds. Upstream Of Tuscobia Trail Bridge||Map||Data|
|2289100||Smith Creek||10032396||Smith Creek at Hwy. 13 Park Falls||Map||Data|
|2289100||Smith Creek||513085||Smith Creek - Twn Rd 1 Mi No Of Cth E||5/1/1980||10/10/1980||Map||Data|
|2289100||Smith Creek||10037839||Smith Creek- Upstream of Bridge on Tuscobia Trail||Map||Data|
Smith Creek is located in the Upper North Fork Flambeau River watershed which is 158.21 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (47%), wetland (35%) and a mix of grassland (8%) and other uses (10%). This watershed has 163.80 stream miles, 629.65 lake acres and 33,475.50 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.