Fish and Aquatic Life
Buena Vista Creek is classified as a Class I and II trout stream. The upstream portion of the stream has been ditched and is now referred to as Ditch No. 2. The upper reach is characterized by moderate brook trout densities with natural reproduction and is limited by sedimentation, lack of adult fish cover, and shallow stream depth. The lower meandering portions of Buena Vista Creek are stocked with brown trout and have low densities of brook trout. Sedimentation, high water temperatures, and high phosphorus concentrations impact this stretch. Stream bank erosion is a source of sediment in the lower portion of Buena Vista Creek generating from just above CTH F down to Lake Wazeecha (Kruger). Unfortunately, it is not feasible or practical to control streambank erosion and sediment bed load movement in this section of Buena Vista Creek. This is due to limited access and the expense for riprapping, and structures to control bed load movement will not work in the low wide flood plain (Kruger). Further investigations are recommended for a complete understanding of the local land use effects and remedies.
The Upper Buena Vista Creek Watershed is a source of nutrients, particularly nitrates, because of the large percentage of irrigated farmland. Sediments tend to settle out in the upper ditches of the watershed and are not considered major nonpoint sources of pollution to Buena Vista Creek (Kruger, 1986). Nitrate values approaching 4 ppm have been detected in Buena Vista Creek. Pesticides have also been detected.
Biotic index sampling results indicate excellent, good, fair and poor water quality depending on location and the time sampled.
Author Aquatic Biologist
The Beuna Vista Creek (95th St. to Taft Rd.) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; total phosphorus sample data clearly met
the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. Available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). This water was meeting this designated use and not considered impaired
Author Amanda Smith
The Buena Vista Creek (Taft Rd. to CTH BB) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; temperature and available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category) based on the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and not considered impaired.
Author Amanda Smith
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Water Quality Planning
The Fourmile and Fivemile Creek Watershed is 213.96 square miles located in Wood and Portage Counties. Seventy-eight streams (654.12 miles) and twenty-four lakes and flowages (3538.98) are located in the watershed. Much of the watershed lies within the townships of Plover, Buena Vista, and Grant in Portage County. The Portage County Soil Erosion Control Plan (1986) ranked these towns as high priority for erosion control work because of both wind and water erosion.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1391300||Buena Vista Creek||723124||Wazeecha Lake - Inlet||10/23/1973||2/11/1975||Map||Data|
|1391300||Buena Vista Creek||10022683||Buena Vista Creek Above 95th St.||5/17/2011||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Buena Vista Creek is located in the Fourmile and Fivemile Creek watershed which is 213.96 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (52%), forest (24%) and a mix of suburban (11%) and other uses (13%). This watershed has stream miles, lake acres and 13,528.97 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.