Fish and Aquatic Life
Silver Creek is a Class I trout stream in its headwaters area where it drains mostly wild land, both public and private. Further downstream it becomes a Class III trout stream. It becomes a warm water stream where it flows through the Chequamegon National Forest. The village of Westboro will discharge to the cold water portion of Silver Creek when its new wastewater treatment facility is completed. Goodweiler (1991) notes that the 1980 Basin Plan for the Upper Chippewa references possible dissolved oxygen problems in the 1970s for Silver Creek, falling below the 6 mgll standard for cold water streams. Also noted is low dissolved oxygen measured in 1978 in Fisher Creek, a tributary to Silver Creek. Fisher Creek flows out of Chelsea Lake. though private land supporting a few small farms. The Bureau of Endangered Resources indicates that healthy populations of invertebrates are found in Silver Creek. Feeders to Silver Creek include Levitt, and Alcohol Creeks which come off the hilly area east of Ogema. Other warm water forage fish type streams, Black Brook and Shady Brook. enter Silver Creek further downstream. Shady Brook lies within Chequamegon National Forest. Not much is known about any of these streams.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
Silver Creek is located in the Upper South Fork Jump River watershed which is 322.41 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (60%), wetland (24%) and a mix of agricultural (7%) and other uses (8%). This watershed has 396.77 stream miles, 1,735.99 lake acres and 55,733.47 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.