Fish and Aquatic Life
Robinson Creek flows 25 miles before reaching the Black River between Melrose and Black River Falls. This stream historically supported an outstanding Class I trout fishery. The current classifications, Class II and Class III, illustrates the loss of reproduction in the trout population. Numerous impoundments used in the cultivation of cranberries in the tributaries and headwaters of this stream have likely increased average stream temperatures above the threshold for trout reproduction. The Department no longer stocks trout in Robinson Creek. If the headwater and tributary impoundments were removed, this stream may once again attain Class I status (Talley). In 1992, Robinson Creek water was sampled downstream of commercial cranberry marsh complexes on three separate occasions. On one occasion, the water caused complete mortality of two aquatic insect test species. Chemical analysis of the water documented the insecticide diazinon in concentrations adequate to cause the mortality (Schreiber).
From: Koperksi, Cindy. 1999. Black River Water Quality Management Plan (draft). Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Robinson Creek (1696300), from the mouth to about a mile west of Hwy I Rd, was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus in 2012. The 2016 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; total phosphorus sample data exceed 2016 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use, however, available biological data do not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). This water was also assessed for temperature and sample data did not exceed 2016 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing is needed.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Conduct biological monitoring on Robinson Creek wbic 1696300 by 2018.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1696300||Robinson Creek||10038968||Robinson Creek - Old County Highway I upstream Fish Station||Map||Data|
|1696300||Robinson Creek||10008518||Robinson Creek at CTH I||5/13/1992||5/31/2014||Map||Data|
|1696300||Robinson Creek||10038967||Robinson Creek - Old CTH I - DS Fish Station||Map||Data|
Robinson Creek is located in the Trout Run and Robinson Creeks watershed which is 216.93 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (60%), agricultural (17%) and a mix of grassland (9%) and other uses (13%). This watershed has 326.05 stream miles, 791.85 lake acres and 17,562.31 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.