Fish and Aquatic Life
Swamp Creek, located in central Monroe County, flows for nearly two miles in a westerly direction before reaching Silver Creek. Swamp Creek flows entirely within Fort McCoy. It has a moderate gradient of 44 feet per mile. Swamp Creek is a Class I trout stream for its entire length.
Fort McCoy staff have periodically removed beaver dams from the upper end of Swamp Creek. Swamp Pond, an impoundment in the mid-section of Swamp Creek, is in need of dredging and spillway rehabilitation. The pond is stocked with rainbow trout; however, a healthy brook trout population inhabits the rest of Swamp Creek. Access to Swamp Creek is via Fort McCoy.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1660600||Swamp Creek||10016942||Swamp Creek Site 1002 - Below Highway And Pond. Behind Gunclub.||11/5/1994||3/22/1995||Map||Data|
|1660600||Swamp Creek||10020539||Swamp Creek St. 4 Outlet Of Swamp Lake Downstream||Map||Data|
|1660600||Swamp Creek||10020540||Swamp Creek St. 7 Confluence With Silver Creek||Map||Data|
|1660600||Swamp Creek||10016908||Swamp Creek Site 1001 - Samples Collected Above Pond Downstream Side Of Road Crossing||11/5/1994||11/7/2006||Map||Data|
Swamp Creek is located in the Upper La Crosse River watershed which is 126.12 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (48%), grassland (24%) and a mix of agricultural (14%) and other uses (13%). This watershed has 167.76 stream miles, 207.50 lake acres and 4,875.27 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.