Fish and Aquatic Life
Neshonoc Creek, also known as Scotch Coulee Creek, is located in central La Crosse County. This stream flows for approximately five miles in a southwesterly direction before reaching the La Crosse River near West Salem. It has a moderate gradient of 29 feet per mile and drains roughly six square miles of agricultural land and steep forested hillsides. The lower 2.4 miles of Neshonoc Creek are Class III trout and the upper 2.4 miles are Class II.
A 1993 fishery survey documented a healthy reproducing brook trout population in the upper portions of Neshonoc Creek. The data collected during this survey suggest that Neshonoc Creek should be upgraded to Class I in the upper 2.4 miles and Class II in the lower 2.4 miles. Neshonoc Creek has been stocked regularly with brook trout by the WDNR since 1960. Access to this stream is from four road crossings.
Water chemistry testing of streams throughout La Crosse County was initiated by the La Crosse County Land Conservation Department in 1998. Baseflow conditions were targeted for testing as the most likely to show normal water quality conditions. Sampling takes place four times annually when no rainfall or snowmelt has occurred during the previous 72 hours. Between 1998 and 2001, Neshonoc Creek never met the county phosphorus goal and met the county fecal coliform bacteria goal in nearly 50% of the samples taken. These data indicate a nutrient load that is likely also contributing to high bacterial counts. The county ranks Neshonoc Creek fairly high in priority compared to other streams for efforts to reduce phosphorus and bacterial contamination. La Crosse County should continue baseflow sampling of Neshonoc Creek to determine water quality trends.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||323083||Neshonoc Creek - Sw1/4ofnw1/4 Sec 26||8/21/2013||8/21/2013||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10014122||Neshonoc Creek Station 4 - T17n R6w S22 Ne 1/4 Ne 1/4 (Ds Sth 108)||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10014131||Neshonoc Creek Station 1 - 1035 Ft Downstream Of Cth C Bridge Crossing||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10013105||Neshonoc Creek St. 1-05 Bridge On Cth C||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10015862||Neshonoc Creek - Under Old Hwy 16 Bridge||5/14/1998||5/14/1998||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10014119||Neshonoc Creek Station 1 - T17n R6w S26 Sw 1/4 Nw 1/4||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10014132||Neshonoc Creek Station 2 - 75 Ft Upstream Of Hwy 108 Bridge Crossing In S22||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10044411||Neshonoc Creek at Hwy C Bridge||8/4/2015||8/4/2015||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10013106||Neshonoc Creek St. 2-05 Bridge On Sth 108||7/22/2013||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10049460||Neshonoc Creek at Old 16 Bridge||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10014121||Neshonoc Creek Station 3 - T17n R6w S23 Sw 1/4 Nw 1/4||Map||Data|
|1653000||Neshonoc Creek||10014125||Neshonoc Creek Station 5 - T17n R6w S15 Sw 1/4 Se 1/4||Map||Data|
Neshonoc Creek is located in the Lower La Crosse River watershed which is 145.46 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (38%), agricultural (30%) and a mix of suburban (12%) and other uses (19%). This watershed has 295.20 stream miles, 1,187.12 lake acres and 5,641.64 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.