Fish and Aquatic Life
Buck Creek, located in northwest Crawford County, flows for 2.7 miles in a southwesterly direction before reaching the Mississippi River. The stream is located south of Ferryville between Sugar Creek and Copper Creek. It has a moderate gradient of 36.4 feet per mile. Only forage fish species were documented in a 1971 stream survey but since that time, Buck Creek has been classified as a Class I Trout Stream. Surveys in 2001 and 2004 supported an update to this Fisheries Program listing in 2008.
Public access is from the lower portion of Buck Creek, which flows through the Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Buck Creek was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (macroinvertebrate Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water is meeting this designated use and is not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Monitor Fish Community
Condition assessment surveys -- WDNR should continue to conduct trout stocking
and habitat assessment surveys on the small 1st and 2nd order streams draining
directly into the Mississippi (e.g. Buck, Du Charme Creek, Leitner Creek, etc.).
Monitor to Evaluate Projects
Fish Stocking Evaluation Surveys on Buck Creek conducted 2002, 2003, 2004
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1636200||Buck Creek||10009024||Buck Creek #1-Bridge On Buck Creek Rd (Norway Rd)||8/12/2011||8/12/2011||Map||Data|
|1636200||Buck Creek||10010096||Buck Creek #2-Bridge On S. Buck Creek Rd.||10/18/2001||11/19/2009||Map||Data|
|724600||Lake Winneshiek||10022243||Lake Winneshiek||6/22/2010||7/30/2015||Map||Data|
|1636200||Buck Creek||10034663||Buck Creek at STH 35||11/3/2011||10/20/2014||Map||Data|
Buck Creek is located in the Rush Creek watershed which is 240.16 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (44%), agricultural (31%) and a mix of open (13%) and other uses (13%). This watershed has 551.06 stream miles, 1,906.88 lake acres and 9,793.93 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.