Fish and Aquatic Life
This creek is a spring fed tributary to Otter Creek. It’s lower half is managed as a trout fishery. Fisheries management is proposing to upgrade the lower two miles of stream from a Class III trout stream to a Class II fishery. Little monitoring has been conducted on this stream.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Gravel Run Creek, T3N, R4E, Sections 31-14(15),
Surface acres = 0.46, Miles = 4.4, Gradient = 37.5 feet per mile; Total alkalinity = 303 mg/l, Volume of flow = 4.1 cfs.
This is a spring-fed tributary to Otter Creek. Eventually its watersreach the West Branch of the Pecatonica River. Fluctuating water levels, particularly in spring, have limited its potential as a good trout stream. There are two warm water feeders, however, these contribute little to the total volume. Currently, it is managed as marginal trout water and has to
be stocked annually to maintain the fishery. There are also smallmouth bass present throughout the lower reaches. The most common bottom type is gravel with some silt near the mouth. Most of the watershed is open agricultural land subject to flooding during periods of heavy runoff. Aquatic game includes muskrats and ducks at times. The upland game species common to the county are present in the watershed. These include pheasants, Hungarian partridge, squirrels, deer and rabbits. There is no public land on the stream though it can be reached from three town road bridges.
From: Piening, Ronald; Poff, Ronald; Threinen, C.W., 1967. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of Lafayette County, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
Gravel Run Creek is located in the Middle Pecatonica River watershed which is 186.42 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (87%), forest (6%) and a mix of suburban (5%) and other uses (0%). This watershed has 484.82 stream miles, 27.78 lake acres and 298.28 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked Medium Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.