Fish and Aquatic Life
Canyon Park Creek is a major tributary to Cutler Creek. The stream has one of the highest stream gradients in Iowa County which contributes to erosion and flooding problems. The creek can support a Class II brown trout fishery and it has been recommended that the stream be added to the Wisconsin Trout Streams book. The stream has problems due to hydrologic modification and nonpoint source pollution. These problems have affected trout habitat. Efforts could be made to improve the in-stream conditions of Canyon Park Creek.
From: Ripp, Coreen, Koperski, Cindy and Folstad, Jason. 2002. The State of the Lower Wisconsin River Basin. PUBL WT-559-2002. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Canyon Park Creek - Mouth location T6N R4E Section 8 - 3, Surface acres = 5.3, Length = 5.3 miles, Gradient = 78.6 feet per mile, Total alkalinity = 302.0 mg/l, Volume of flow = 2.0 cfs
Canyon Park Creek is a tributary to the Cutler Creek. It contributes about 60 percent of the base flow of the Cutler Creek and enters it one-third mile aobe its juction with Mill Creek. Being spring fed, it was managed as a trout stream many years ago. There are three distinct tributaries which contribute slightly over 50 percent of its base flow. This stream has one of the highest stream gradient of any stream in Iowa County. As a result, there are erosion and flooding problems in the basin, especially during periods of heavy precipitation. About two-thirds of the watershed is devoted to limited agricultural use which serves to accentuate these problems. Presently there is a flood control dam being built on Cutler Creek just below the Cutler-Canyon Park confluences. This structure is designed to retain flood waters during thimes of peak runoff and release them slowly. This is one of a series of structures planned as part of the Twin Valley Watershed Project, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, to alleviate flooding in the Mill Creek Watershed.
Waterfowl and marshland furbearers can be considered scarce because of the well drained nature of the basin. At one time it was managed as a trout stream and stocked with brown trout. It is very doubtful that this species exists at the present time althought there is the possibility that a small resident brook trout population might still exist near its headwaters. A brief seining survey revealed the species composition of the forage fishes to be white suckers, common shiners, blacknose and redbelly dace, brook sticklebacks, fantial darters and stoneroller minnows. There are no public lands on this stream but it is accessible from a county road crossing.
From: Piening, Ronald and Threinen, C.W., 1968. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of Iowa County, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
The Canyon Park Creek was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; temperature and available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category) based on the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Amanda Smith
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1245200||Canyon Park Creek||10015224||Canyon Park Creek General||4/10/2008||4/10/2008||Map||Data|
|1245200||Canyon Park Creek||10022619||Canyon Park St.115ft Up From Bridge On Friendship Camp||Map||Data|
|1245200||Canyon Park Creek||10022621||Canyon Park St#2Evans Quarry Rd||Map||Data|
|1245200||Canyon Park Creek||10030077||Canyon Park Creek downstream of Evan Quarry Road||6/2/2009||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Canyon Park Creek is located in the Mill and Blue Mounds Creek watershed which is 186.74 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (48%), agricultural (40%) and a mix of suburban (5%) and other uses (7%). This watershed has 382.87 stream miles, 106.91 lake acres and 6,596.99 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.