Fish and Aquatic Life
Cook Creek, located in south central Monroe County, flows in a southeasterly direction for 5.5 miles before reaching the Kickapoo River near Ontario. This stream has a gradient of 68 feet per mile and drains agricultural land with wooded hillsides. Cook Creek is a Class III trout stream for its entire length.
The most recent survey, conducted in 1968, documented brook trout and brown trout as well as numerous forage fish species. The stream bottom was dominated by sand with some gravel. A fish and habitat survey of Cook Creek should be conducted to determine existing conditions. Temperature monitoring should be able to determine if Cook Creek is appropriate for introducing wild strains of trout which have a better chance of establishing a self sustaining population than traditional stocked trout. WDNR records indicate that Cook Creek has been stocked with both brook and brown trout consistently since 1960. Access to Cook Creek is from four road crossings.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Cook Creek (WBIC 1199600) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water is meeting this designated use and is not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1199600||Cook Creek||423062||Cook Creek Niagra Ave. Bridge||4/30/1997||10/19/2016||Map||Data|
|1199600||Cook Creek||10011168||Cook Creek - Cook Creek Station #2 Culvert On Ore Ave.||Map||Data|
|1199600||Cook Creek||10029484||Cook Creek - Niagara Rd ||Map||Data|
|1199600||Cook Creek||10011169||Cook Creek Station #3 Culverts On New Haven Rd.||Map||Data|
|1199600||Cook Creek||10011167||Cook Creek - Cook Creek Station #1 458m Downstream From Bridge On Niagara Ave.||Map||Data|
|1199600||Cook Creek||10013996||Cook Creek Station 3-1962-Nw1/4 Ne1/4 S21- Confluence With Feeder Stream 2640' Ds Of New Haven Rd .||Map||Data|
|1199600||Cook Creek||10013995||Cook Creek Station 1-1962-Nw 1/4 Ne 1/4 S34-Starts At End Of Farm Driveway.||Map||Data|
Cook Creek is located in the Upper Kickapoo River watershed which is 117.33 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (58%), forest (35%) and a mix of suburban (5%) and other uses (2%). This watershed has 267.92 stream miles, 29.35 lake acres and 698.36 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.