Fish and Aquatic Life
Upper Brush Creek, located in south central Monroe County, flows in an easterly direction for 2.6 miles before reaching Brush Creek east of Ontario. This stream has a gradient of 46 feet per mile and drains forested hillsides and agricultural valleys. Upper Brush Creek is a Class III trout stream for its entire length.
The most recent survey, conducted in 1990, documented rainbow trout and few forage fish species. The stream bottom was dominated by sand and gravel. In-stream cover consisted of undercut banks and overhanging grasses. Upper Brush Creek should be resurveyed after conclusion of the Middle Kickapoo River Priority Watershed Project in 2004. WDNR records indicate Upper Brush Creek has not been stocked with trout. The rainbow trout documented in the 1990 survey were likely escapees from a trout pond adjacent to the stream. Access to Upper Brush Creek is from two road crossings.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1199000||Upper Brush Creek||10013986||Upper Brush Creek Station 4 - T15n R3w S36 Ne 1/4 Sw 1/4||Map||Data|
|1199000||Upper Brush Creek||10013989||Upper Brush Creek Station 4 - 300ft Downstream Of Oneida Rd. Bridge Crossing||4/21/1994||4/21/1994||Map||Data|
|1199000||Upper Brush Creek||10037571||Upper Brush Cr off intersection of Olympic Ave and Olympia Rd ||5/17/2012||8/22/2012||Map||Data|
|1199000||Upper Brush Creek||10013987||Upper Brush Creek Station 5 - T15n R3w S35 Ne 1/4 Sw 1/4||Map||Data|
|1199000||Upper Brush Creek||10013991||Upper Brush Creek Station 2 - 500 Ft Below Farm Rd. Crossing In S27||Map||Data|
|1199000||Upper Brush Creek||10013990||Upper Brush Creek Station 1 - Sth 33 Bridge Crossing||Map||Data|
|1199000||Upper Brush Creek||10013988||Upper Brush Creek Station 6 - T15 R3w S34 Ne 1/4 Ne 1/4||Map||Data|
Upper Brush Creek is located in the Middle Kickapoo River watershed which is 246.53 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (49%), agricultural (43%) and a mix of suburban (5%) and other uses (3%). This watershed has 585.18 stream miles, 145.14 lake acres and 3,360.69 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Available for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.