Fish and Aquatic Life
Bufton Hollow Creek, located in northwest Richland County, flows in a westerly direction for
1.5 miles before reaching Camp Creek. This stream has a gradient of 91 feet per mile and
drains forested hillsides, ridgetop agriculture and recreational valley land. Bufton Hollow
Creek is a Class I trout stream for its entire length and is designated as an Exceptional
Resource Water (ERW).
Bufton Hollow Creek should be surveyed after conclusion of the Middle Kickapoo River
Priority Watershed Project in 2004. Access to Bufton Hollow Creek is from one road crossing
and WDNR owned land.
From: Ripp, Coreen, Koperski, Cindy and Folstad, Jason. 2002. The State of the Lower Wisconsin River Basin.
PUBL WT-559-2002. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
The Bufton Hollow Creek was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; temperature and available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category) based on the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Amanda Smith
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1193100||Bufton Hollow Creek||10031353||Bufton Hollow at Bufton Hollow Rd||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1193100||Bufton Hollow Creek||10032073||Bufton Hollow Creek - 65 ft downstream from Bridge on HWY 56||5/12/2010||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1193100||Bufton Hollow Creek||10031343||Bufton Hollow Cr at Hwy 56||Map||Data|
|5030479||Unnamed||10031349||Unnamed Trib at Bufton Hollow Rd T12N R2W STR 24-6||Map||Data|
|1193100||Bufton Hollow Creek||10048633||Bufton Hollow 360m US HWY 56||Map||Data|
Bufton Hollow Creek is located in the Middle Kickapoo River watershed which is 246.53 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (49%), agricultural (43%) and a mix of suburban (5%) and other uses (3%). This watershed has 585.18 stream miles, 145.14 lake acres and 3,360.69 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Available for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.