Fish and Aquatic Life
A 1972 Fisheries Management Survey Report indicated streambank pasturing was a problem above County Highway M. This portion of the creek is classified Class III trout water. The impacts of streambank pasturing on water quality are unknown, but it is assumed sedimentation and fish habitat destruction is occurring.
The village of Athens discharges its WWTP effluent to Black Creek.
There are known sand and gravel excavations on or near the creek. Several sites have dewatering areas feeding the creek. It is unknown if this is impacting water quality
Author Aquatic Biologist
A 1972 Fisheries Mana ement Survey Report indicated streambank asturing was Count Highway M. This portion of the creek is classified Class trout water. t Id' stream ank pasturing on water quality is unknown, but it is assumed destruction are occurring. The village of Athens discharges its WWTP effluent to Black Creek. There are known sand and gravel excavations on or near the creek. Several sites have dewatering areas feeding the creek. It is unknown if this is impacting water quality
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
The Black Creek (Mouth to CTH M, non-trout part of the stream) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; total phosphorus sample data clearly exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. Available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). Chloride data clearly met thresholds. Temperature data did not exceed thresholds. This water was not meeting this designated use and was considered impaired. No listing change was needed to this already impaired water.
Author Amanda Smith
The 2018 assessments of Black Creek (Taylor/Marathon county line down to CTH M) showed continued impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. However, available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). Based on the most updated information, no change in the existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1458200||Black Creek||373353||Black Creek - Highway F||Map||Data|
|1458200||Black Creek||10012816||Black Creek at CTH F (Station 7)||5/12/1980||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1458200||Black Creek||10034734||Black Creek at Lekie Rd||6/1/2011||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Black Creek is located in the Black Creek watershed which is 88.54 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (59%), forest (33%) and a mix of suburban (4%) and other uses (4%). This watershed has stream miles, lake acres and 4,782.60 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.