Feldners Creek, Sheboygan River Watershed (SH03)
Feldners Creek, Sheboygan River Watershed (SH03)
Feldner'S Creek (61000)
1.13 Miles
0.94 - 2.07
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool-Cold Headwater
Year Last Monitored
This date represents the most recent date of water quality monitoring stored in the SWIMS system. Additional field surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2006
Unknown
 
Fond du Lac
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
Yes
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
Yes
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
No

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Cold (Class II Trout)
Streams supporting a cold water sport fishery, or serving as a spawning area for salmonids and other cold water fish species. Representative aquatic life communities, associated with these waters, generally require cold temperatures and concentrations of dissolved oxygen that remain above 6 mg/L through natural reproduction and selective propagation. Since these waters are capable of supporting natural reproduction, a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration of 7 mg/L is required during times of active spawning and support of early life stages of newly-hatched fish.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
Cold (Class II Trout)
Streams supporting a cold water sport fishery, or serving as a spawning area for salmonids and other cold water fish species. Representative aquatic life communities, associated with these waters, generally require cold temperatures and concentrations of dissolved oxygen that remain above 6 mg/L through natural reproduction and selective propagation. Since these waters are capable of supporting natural reproduction, a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration of 7 mg/L is required during times of active spawning and support of early life stages of newly-hatched fish.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Cold
Streams capable of supporting a cold water sport fishery, or serving as a spawning area for salmonids and other cold water fish species. Representative aquatic life communities, associated with these waters, generally require cold temperatures and concentrations of dissolved oxygen that remain above 6 mg/L. Since these waters are capable of supporting natural reproduction, a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration of 7 mg/L is required during times of active spawning and support of early life stages of newly-hatched fish.

Overview

FELDNER'S CREEK, FOND DU LAC COUNTY.
T16N R19E Sec. 35 NENW Stream Length = 1.8 WBIC = 61000

Feldner's Creek is a 1.8 mile stream originating in wetlands. The creek is spring fed, and classified as a Class II trout stream in its upper half. Flow is northerly and the stream's gradient is approximately 25 feet per mile. The stream is impounded at County Highway “CCC” to form Mischo’s Pond. Adjacent land use is primarily recreational with agricultural uses in the headwaters segments. Habitat and water quality are capable of supporting intolerant forage, cold water and warm water game fish species. Habitat historically has been limited as a result of streambank destruction from livestock access, headwaters channelization and sedimentation. The requirements of headwater gravel spawning areas for brook trout reaffirms headwaters habitat restoration as a priority for Feldner’s Creek. Downstream reaches support a tolerant to intolerant assemblage of forage species. The macroinvertebrate community is characterized by species intolerant of organic pollution, indicating very good water quality. Sedimentation is moderate in reaches upstream of CTH “CCC” and severe in reaches downstream of CTH “CCC”.

WDNR personnel conducted stream habitat analysis and fish and benthic macroinvertebrate surveys downstream of CTH “CCC” (river mile 0.6) in 2000. This stream reach is low gradient and flows through a natural wetland area. Fish and macroinvertebrate communities were poor and stream habitat was severely limited because of heavy sedimentation. Fish species present were central mudminnows and bullhead species. The impoundment upstream of CTH “CCC” is recognized as a potential source of the downstream sedimentation problems.

Date  2001

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Overview

FELDNER'S CREEK, FOND DU LAC COUNTY - T16N R19E Sec. 35, Stream Length = 1.8.
Feldner's Creek is a 1.8 mile stream originating in wetlands. The creek is spring fed, and classified as a Class II trout stream in its upper half. Flow is northerly and the stream's gradient is approximately 25 feet per mile. The stream is impounded at CTH CCC to form Mischo’s Pond. Adjacent land use is primarily recreational with agricultural uses in the headwaters segments. Habitat and water quality are capable of supporting intolerant forage, cold water and warm water game fish species. Habitat historically has been limited as a result of streambank destruction from livestock access, headwaters channelization and sedimentation. The requirements of headwater gravel spawning areas for brook trout reaffirms headwaters habitat restoration as a priority for Feldner’s Creek. Downstream reaches support a tolerant to intolerant assemblage of forage species. The macroinvertebrate community is characterized by species intolerant of organic pollution, indicating very good water quality. Sedimentation is moderate in reaches upstream of County Highway CCC and severe in reaches downstream of CCC.

From: Galarneau, Steve and Masterson, John. 1999. Water Resources of the Sheboygan River Basin. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.

Date  1999

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Feldners Creek, Sheboygan River Watershed (SH03) Fish and Aquatic LifeFeldners Creek, Sheboygan River Watershed (SH03) RecreationFeldners Creek, Sheboygan River Watershed (SH03) Fish Consumption

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.

Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.

Recommendations

Navigability Determination
T16N R19E S35 ; Feldners Creek;

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Feldners Creek is located in the Sheboygan River watershed which is 260.12 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (60%), wetland (18%) and a mix of forest (8%) and other uses (14%). This watershed has 340.24 stream miles, 4,345.33 lake acres and 27,968.05 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked Not Available for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Feldner'S Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.

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