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Protect
wetlands through land use planning, acquisition and wetland protection laws.
Restore
wetlands to improve wetland health and function and by re-establishing destroyed wetlands.
Explore
wetlands by getting your feet wet and learning about their wonders.

S-12.  

Sand Bay

Back to Eastern Lake Superior

Counties: Bayfield

Photos:

Sand Bay. Sand River estuary, aerial view showing lagoon and native red pine stand on barrier beach,15 Oct. 1995. Photograph, E.J. Epstein.


Site Description

The drowned mouth of the Sand River is situated in a complex of wetlands separated from Lake Superior by a forested sandspit. The lower portions of the Sand River are bordered by northern sedge meadow and alder thicket. West of the lagoon at the stream's outlet are several spring runs. East of the lagoon is a peatland with coastal fen, coastal bog, and tamarack swamp. Rocky headlands with significant outcroppings of sandstone cliffs occur on either side of Sand Bay. Most of the watershed is forested and undeveloped. The National Park Service owns most of the land in this site, though the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa hold title to the forested spit west of the river mouth. Overall the site supports a diverse assemblage of plants, animals and communities including many rare species. The Sand River, which enters Lake Superior at Sand Bay, supports regionally significant diversity among its aquatic macroinvertebrates


Additional Comments

This site features one of the least disturbed of the coastal estuaries. Many rare species occur here.


Last revised: Wed, 20 Jun 2012 17:21:11 CDT