Floodplain zoning, management and grant opportunities for local communities
Model zoning ordinances and associated documents
As of January 1, 2012, a new standard model floodplain ordinance and model floodplain ordinance with flood storage language will be in effect. The appropriate model should be used by any community amending or adopting a floodplain ordinance after that date.
For copies of the documents listed below in Microsoft Word format or for copies of earlier versions of the model ordinances, please contact DNR Floodplains.
- Standard model floodplain ordinance, 2012 - DNR
- Model floodplain ordinance with FP storage language added, 2012 - DNR
- Ordinance approval procedures, April 2008 - DNR
- Checklist for standard floodplain ordinance, 2012 - DNR
- Checklist for flood storage Floodplain ordinance, 2012 - DNR
Laws and regulations
- Chapter NR 116, Wis. Adm. Code. - Wisconsin's Floodplain management program
Sample letters and documents
- Floodplain and Shoreland Management Notes - Fall 2015, Vol. 14, No. 3 - Floodplain program staffing changes, changes to the Municipal Flood Control Grant program, FEMA’s fact sheet on Elevation Certificates, new flood insurance changes, Rock River Inundation Mapping, Implementing the Community Rating System as well as a listing of potential training opportunities
- Past issues of Floodplain and Shoreland Management Notes
- UWEX series - Water & law newsletter
- Floodplain Workshop 2015
- Insurance Presentation 2013
- LOMC Presentation for 2012
- LOMC Workshops for 2013
- Substantial damage in Wisconsin 2010
- Introduction to the National Flood Insurance Program
- Floodplain management 101
Handbooks and other publications
- The floods of 1993: The Wisconsin experience - DNR
- Living in the Floodplain - DNR
- From sandbags to sanity: Dealing with flood risk in Wisconsin - University of Wisconsin aquatic sciences center copyright 2010
- Come rain, come shine - A case study of A Floodplain relocation project at soldiers grove, Wisconsin
- Gays Mills longterm recovery plan
- Floodplain-Shoreland zoning: A guidebook for local officials 2005
- Plan commission handbook - Center for Land Use Education
- Zoning board handbook for zoning boards of adjustment and appeal - 2nd Ed 2006 s
- The upper Mississippi river system flow frequency study - US Army Corps of Engineers
- Historical flooding events and costs, 1971-2001 Wisconsin Emergency Management
- Campground structures in a flooplain guidance
- Letter of Map Change (LOMC) process guidance
- Incorporation and the NFIP - Fact sheets about the incorporating community and the NFIP
- FEMA National Flood Insurance Program - Fact sheets about Flood insurance, letters of map change, NFIP guidelines, etc. FEMA
- How to make a FIRMette
- Floodplain development basics
- FEMA flood insurance basics
For more information about fact sheets, or if you have a suggestion, contact:
Municipal flood control grant program
Recognizing that we have a responsibility to protect life, health and property from flood damages, the DNR offcers the Municipal Flood Control Grant Program. It is an assistance package to all cities, villages, towns and metropolitan sewerage districts concerned with municipal flood control management. Assistance is provided in two ways.
- Local assistance grants that support municipal flood control administrative activities.
- Acquisition and development grants to acquire and remove floodplain structures, elevate floodplain structures, restore riparian areas, acquire land and easements for flood storage, construct flood control structures and fund flood mapping projects.
Flood mitigation assistance grants
Communities are encouraged to develop flood mitigation plans which assess flood risk and identify actions to reduce that risk. Floodplain mitigation grants are available to communities which have flood mitigation plans in place which are approved by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as well as Wisconsin Emergency Management.
For more information, contact:
State Hazard Mitigation Officer
Wisconsin Emergency Management
There are two types of grants available to communities:
- Planning grants - grants to communities to develop or update flood mitigation plans.
- Project grants - grants to communities to implement measures to reduce flood losses. This could take the form of such things as elevating, relocating, or dry floodproofing of insured structures.
Hazard mitigation grants
The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) assists state and local governments in implementing long-term hazard mitigation measures following a major disaster declaration.
Objectives of the HMGP are:
- To prevent future losses of lives and property due to disasters;
- To implement state or local mitigation plans;
- To enable mitigation measures to be implemented during immediate recovery from a disaster;
- Provide funding for mitigation measures that benefit the disaster area.
Grants provide up to 87.5 percent of the eligible costs (75 percent funded by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and 12.5 percent by the Wisconsin Division of Emergency Management.) The remaining 12.5 percent is a required local match. Federal funding under the HMGP is based on 15 percent of the federal funds spent on the Public and Individual Assistance programs for each disaster.
Eligible applicants are:
- state and local governments;
- Certain private, non-profit organizations or institutions; and
- Indian tribes or authorized tribal organization.
Examples of eligible projects are:
- retrofitting, such as floodproofing;
- acquisition and relocation of structures from hazard prone areas;
- development of standards to protect structures; and
- structural hazard control such as debris basins or floodwalls.
Eligible projects are required to demonstrate:
- the project is cost/beneficial;
- the project is environmentally sound;
- other alternatives have been considered; and
- the project is the best alternative and will actually solve a problem and is a permanent solution.
Eligible applicants apply for the HMGP through Wisconsin Emergency Management.
For more information, contact:
State hazard mitigation officer
Wisconsin Emergency Management