Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

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Solid waste Definitions

Disposal

Disposal means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking or placing of any solid waste into or on any land or water in a manner which may permit the solid waste or any hazardous constituent to be emitted into the air to be discharged into any waters of the State or otherwise to enter the environment. Disposal does not include the generation, transportation, storage or treatment of solid waste.

What is disposal?

Disposal means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping or placing of any solid waste into or on any land or water. This term does not include the transportation, storage or treatment of solid waste.

Foam polystyrene packaging

means packaging made primarily from foam polystyrene that satisfies one of the following criteria:

  1. is designed for serving food or beverages;
  2. consists of loose particles intended to fill space and cushion the packaged article in a shipping container; or
  3. consists of rigid materials shaped to hold and cushion the packaged article in a shipping container.
Land spreading facility

means a solid waste disposal facility in which solid waste is placed in thin layers onto the surface of the land or incorporated into the surface layers of the soil.

Landfill

means a solid waste facility for solid waste disposal.

Major appliance

means a residential or commercial airconditioner, clothes dryer, clothes washer, dishwasher, freezer, microwave oven, oven, refrigerator, furnace, boiler, dehumidifier, water heater or stove.

Plastic container

means a plastic container, as defined in s. 100.33 (1) (c), that is required to be labeled under s. 100.33 (2).

Postconsumer waste

means solid waste other than solid waste generated in the production of goods, hazardous waste, as defined in s. 291.01 (7), waste from construction and demolition of structures, scrap automobiles, or high'volume industrial waste, as defined in s. 289.01 (17).

Recycling

The beneficial use, reuse or legitimate recovery or reclamation of a hazardous waste. Recycling also includes the recovery of energy from hazardous waste. As used in this report, recycling implies performing these activities either on site or off site, after the waste has been generated.

Refuse

means all matters produced from industrial or community life, subject to decomposition, not defined as sewage.

Residual

Amount of a pollutant remaining in the environment after a natural or technological process has taken place, e.g., the sludge remaining after initial wastewater treatment.

Resource recovery

means the conversion of solid waste into fuel or energy.

Sewage

means the water'carried wastes created in and to be conducted away from residences, industrial establishments, and public buildings as defined in s. 101.01 (12), with such surface water or groundwater as may be present.

Solid waste

means any garbage, refuse, sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant or air pollution control facility and other discarded or salvageable materials, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous materials resulting from industrial, commercial, mining and agricultural operations, and from community activities, but does not include solids or dissolved material in domestic sewage, or solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or industrial discharges which are point sources subject to permits under ch. 283, or source material, as defined in s. 254.31 (10), special nuclear material, as defined in s. 254.31 (11), or by'product material, as defined in s.254.31 (1).

Solid waste disposal

means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking or placing of any solid waste into or on any land or water. This term does not include the transportation, storage or treatment of solid waste.

Solid waste facility

means a facility for solid waste treatment, solid waste storage or solid waste disposal, and includes commercial, industrial, municipal, state and federal of enumeration, sanitary landfills, dumps, land disposal sites, incinerators, transfer stations, storage facilities, collection and transportation services and processing, treatment and recovery facilities. This term includes the land where the facility is located. This term does not include a facility for the processing of scrap iron, steel or nonferrous metal using large machines to produce a principal product of scrap metal for sale or use for remelting purposes. This term does not include a facility which uses large machines to sort, grade, compact or bale clean wastepaper, fibers or plastics, not mixed with other solid waste, for sale or use for recycling purposes. This term does not include an auto junk yard or scrap metal salvage yard.

Solid waste management

means planning, organizing, financing, and implementing programs to effect the storage, collection, transporting, processing, recycling or final disposal of solid wastes in a sanitary, nuisance'free manner.

Source reduction

Source reduction is the reduction or elimination of waste at the source, usually within a process. Source reduction measures include process modification, feedstock substitutions, improvements in feedstock purity, housekeeping and management practices, increases in the efficiency of machinery, and recycling within a process. Source reduction implies any action that reduces the amount of waste exiting a process.

Yard waste

means leaves, grass clippings, yard and garden debris and brush, including clean woody vegetative material no greater than 6 inches in diameter. This term does not include stumps, roots or shrubs with intact root balls.

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