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Contact information
For information on State Natural Areas, contact:
Thomas Meyer
Natural areas conservation biologist

Wisconsin State Natural Areas Program Eagle Eye (No. 675)

Eagle Eye

Photo by Thomas Meyer


Overview

Location

Vernon County. T13N-R6W, Section 24. 70 acres.

Description

Description

The site gets its name from a narrow, horizontal slit in a bedrock outcrop at the summit of a curving ridge, 250' above the floodplain of the North Fork of the Bad Axe River. The ridge is forested with restorable oak woodland and oak savanna, and small pockets of dry prairie are still present on the ridge's spine. Prescribed fire and brushing to remove woody understory species are expanding the prairie areas and improving the quality and diversity of woodland/savanna complex. Low cliffs and rock shelters add diversity to the site and provide habitat for cliff-dwelling plant species. State-threatened cerulean warblers and state-threatened cherrystone drop snails (one of the largest populations in the state) are found in the forest. At the base of the ridge a stretch of the North Fork of the Bad Axe River meanders through degraded wetlands and former agricultural fields slated for restoration. The river is a Class II trout stream, holding a diverse fishery that includes brown and rainbow trout, northern pike, smallmouth and largemouth bass, panfish, burbot, yellow perch and a variety of minnows and other forage fish. Although the ecological values of the site are noteworthy, the natural area is known primarily for its cultural significance. Eagle Eye lies within the Cade Archeological District, a site on the National Register of Historic Places. Seven Native American effigy mounds are found on the south-facing flank of the ridge. They include a bear, panther, turtle, and two bird effigy mounds and two linear mounds. An adjacent, elevated terrace above the river floodplain shows evidence of historic agriculture. The mounds and garden plots date to ca. 1050 AD. Eagle Eye is owned by the Mississippi Valley Conservancy and was designated a State Natural Area in 2016.

Access

Driving directions

From the intersection of Highways 14 and 56 in Viroqua, go west on 56 7.7 miles, then go north on County Highway O 3.6 miles, then go east on Upper Newton Road 1.5 miles. The property lies north of the road and just past driveway E4337. It's marked by a Mississippi Valley Conservancy property sign. To access the ridge, one must ford the North Fork of the Bad Axe River. There are rocky riffles where the water is shallow enough during normal flows to allow crossing in less than knee-high water.

Ownership

Eagle Eye is owned by:

  • Mississippi Valley Conservancy

Maps

The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities. Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details.

The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries.

Recreation

Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. Trails, if present, are typically undesignated footpaths. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the "Access" tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

Non-DNR lands

Hunting and trapping

This is a non-DNR owned SNA: Opportunities for hunting and trapping depend on the land owner. Please contact them directly to find out about their rules for hunting and trapping. You can find a link to other owner websites under the "Resource links" heading above. More details regarding allowable uses of this non-DNR owned SNA may be posted, if available, under the "Access" tab above.

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Other activities

Other allowable activities such as - but not limited to camping, geocaching and bicycling are determined by the landowner. Please contact them directly or visit their websites for details.

Last revised: Thursday, October 19, 2017