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Contact information
For information on State Natural Areas, contact:
Thomas Meyer
Natural areas conservation biologist

Wisconsin State Natural Areas Program Bradley Creek Swamp Conifers (No. 585)

Bradley Creek Swamp Conifers

Photo by Thomas A. Meyer

Resource links:

Little Wolf Fishery Area


Overview

Location

Within the Little Wolf River Fishery Area, Portage County. T25N-R10E, Section 13. 21 acres.

Description

Description

Bradley Creek Swamp Conifers features a clear, hard-water spring-fed trout stream and a tributary to the Little Wolf River. A dense canopy lines Bradley Creek and shades a diverse understory of herbs and forbs. The creek is considered a Class I trout stream for its entire 6 mile length and contains a bottom of silt-covered sand, gravel, and rubble. Brook trout, stone flies, mayflies, caddisflies, and shrimp are present. In-stream cover consisting of undercut banks, rocks, and logs are common. Trees include balsam fir, white pine, hemlock, yellow-bud hickory, and red maple. The moss-covered understory contains wild sarsaparilla, three-leaved goldthread, nodding trillium, partridgeberry, royal fern, sensitive fern, maidenhair fern, wild ginger, naked miterwort, early meadow-rue, swamp betony, and northern ragwort. The rich forest supports a variety of breeding birds such as winter wren, yellow-billed cuckoo, black-billed cuckoo, hermit thrush, black and white warbler, Nashville warbler, black-throated green warbler, and ovenbird. Bradley Creek Swamp Conifers is owned by the DNR and was designated a State Natural Area in 2008.

Access

Driving directions

From the junction of State Highways 66 and 49 just east of Rosholt, go east on 49 0.3 miles, then east and north on County Highway NN 1.8 miles, then north on Hill Road 0.6 miles. Park in the DNR lot and walk northeast a quarter mile to the creek.

Ownership

Bradley Creek Swamp Conifers is owned by:

  • WDNR

Maps

The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities. Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details.

The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries.

Objectives

Site objectives

Manage the site as a northern wet-mesic reserve, an aquatic reserve and wetland protection site, and as an ecological reference area. Natural processes will determine the structure of the forest. Provide opportunities for research and education on the highest quality native northern wet-mesic forests.

Management approach

The native species are managed passively, which allows nature to determine the ecological characteristics of the site. Exceptions include control of invasive plants and animals, maintenance of existing facilities, and access to suppress fires. Salvage of trees after a major wind event is not considered compatible with management objectives.

Recreation

Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. Trails, if present, are typically undesignated footpaths. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the "Access" tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

Allowable activities

In general, the activities listed below are allowed on all DNR-owned SNA lands. Exceptions to this list of public uses, such as SNAs closed to hunting, are noted under the "Access" tab above and posted with signs on site.

  • Hiking
  • Fishing
  • Cross country skiing
  • Hunting
  • Trapping

Prohibited activities

  • Camping and campfires
  • Collecting of animals (other than legally harvested species), non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead. Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
  • Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
  • Drone use, unless authorized by a SNA research permit
  • Geocaching
  • Horseback riding
  • Rock climbing
  • Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use

For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code [exit DNR]

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Last revised: Thursday, October 19, 2017