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Wisconsin State Natural Areas Program Pokegama Carnegie Wetlands (No. 516)

Pokegama Carnegie Wetlands

Photo by E. Judziewicz


Overview

Location

Douglas County. T48N-R14W, Sections 8, 9, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. 1,516 acres.

Description

Description

Situated on level clay flats between the Pokegama and Little Pokegama Rivers, Pokegama Carnegie Wetlands features an extensive mosaic of wetland vegetation containing many rare plant species. A tall complex of shrub wetlands composed of speckled alder and willows has the greatest coverage with small patches of open sedge meadow dominated by coarse leaved sedges and bluejoint grass also present. Widely scattered small pools support a variety of emergent and submergent aquatic plant species. Small "islands" of trees dot the wetland with tamarack, white pine, white spruce, red pine, trembling aspen, and balsam poplar. Of special significance are the numerous populations of rare plants occurring within the wetlands. Many are represented by large or multiple populations throughout the complex and some are not generally widespread within the Lake Superior region. A diversity of animals inhabit the site. Amphibians include wood frog, spring peeper, green frog, leopard frog eastern gray tree frog, and American toad. Yellow warbler, golden-winged warbler, alder flycatcher, sora, Virginia rail, woodcock, sharp-shinned hawk, and common raven are some of the birds present here. Pokegama Carnegie Wetlands is owned by Douglas County and the DNR. It was designated a State Natural Area in 2006.

Access

Driving directions

From the intersection of State Highway 35 and 105 in Superior, go west on 105 nearly 2 miles, then south on South Pokegama Road 0.7 miles. Walk east into the site. To reach the Douglas County Forest SNA, from Highway 105 and County W (Chicago Avenue) in Oliver, go south on W 2.7 miles, then north on E. Kimmes Road 0.7 miles. Walk northeast 0.5 miles into the site.

Ownership

Pokegama Carnegie Wetlands is owned by:

  • Douglas County
  • WDNR

Maps

The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities. Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details.

The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries.

Objectives

Site objectives

Manage the site as a reserve for tamarack (poor) swamp, alder thicket, and northern sedge meadow, as a boreal forest and wetland restoration site, as an aquatic reserve, and as a rare plant habitat site. Natural processes and prescribed vegetation manipulation will determine the structure of the wetlands.

Management approach

Former forested wetland areas that were historically logged are being converted back to boreal forest through brushing and native tree planting. To the extent possible, local genotype trees will be planted. The sedge meadow species are managed actively through tree/shrub control using tree harvest, brushing and fire to mimic natural disturbance patterns. Rare plants are most often found in managed corridors; mowing of the corridor should enhance the rare plant populations. Other allowable activities across the entire site include control of invasive plants and animals, maintenance of existing facilities, and access to suppress fires. Salvage of trees after a major wind event is not considered compatible with management objectives.

Site-specific considerations

  • Utility corridor management occurs sporadically within utility easement areas.

Recreation

Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. Trails, if present, are typically undesignated footpaths. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the "Access" tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

Hunting and trapping

This SNA has multiple landowners: Opportunities for hunting and trapping depend on the land owner. In general, most DNR-owned land allows hunting and trapping. Partner-owned land may have other rules (for example, university-owned lands do not allow hunting or trapping). Please contact them directly to find out about their rules for hunting and trapping. You can find a link to other owner websites under the "Resource links" heading above. More details regarding allowable uses on the non-DNR land may be found under the "Access" tab above, if available.

Allowable activities: DNR-owned land

In general, the activities listed below are allowed on all DNR-owned SNA lands. Exceptions to this list of public uses, such as SNAs closed to hunting, are noted under the "Access" tab above and posted with signs on site.

  • Hiking
  • Fishing
  • Cross country skiing
  • Hunting
  • Trapping

Prohibited activities: all SNAs

  • Camping and campfires
  • Collecting of animals (other than legally harvested species), non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead. Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
  • Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
  • Geocaching
  • Horseback riding
  • Rock climbing
  • Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use

For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code [exit DNR]

Last revised: Thursday, October 19, 2017