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For information on State Natural Areas, contact:
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Wisconsin State Natural Areas Program Inch Lake (No. 499)


Overview

Location

Bayfield County. T46N-R8W, 2, 3, 11; T47N-R8W, Sections 34, 35. 626 acres.

Description

Description

Inch Lake SNA features two undeveloped lakes surrounded by wetlands and rolling upland forest. The property abuts the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest to the south. Inch Lake is a 31-acre undeveloped, soft-water seepage lake containing largemouth bass, yellow perch, and panfish. The 41-foot deep lake is classified as a "wild lake", an increasingly uncommon feature as development pressure intensifies in northern Wisconsin. No motors are allowed and only artificial lures may be used. These special regulations will provide important research opportunities related to fishing. Surrounding the southern portion of Inch Lake is a diverse northern mesic forest dominated by red pine, red oak, and aspen. Canopy associates include white spruce, white pine, and paper birch. The shrub layer contains abundant American hazelnut and sugar maple saplings. Understory species include Indian pipe, sweet fern, interrupted fern, and blueberries. North of the lake is a northern dry-mesic forest dominated by large red pine and red oak with a diverse ground flora. Species include bracken fern, wood betony, big-leaved aster, thimbleberry, American starflower, and wild sarsaparilla. The site also features scattered wetland depressions vegetated with wool grass, leather leaf, and sphagnum moss. Hildur Lake is a 66-acre hard-water drainage lake on the lower end of the Pike Lake chain. The lake and associated spring pond are the headwaters of the White River. The lake bottom is primarily gravel with a few scattered areas of sand and muck. Fish include northern pike, largemouth bass, muskie, yellow perch, bluegill, and crappie. Surrounding the lake is a narrow band of leatherleaf and alder with uplands comprised of mixed northern hardwoods. Rolling topography to the east supports a northern dry-mesic forest dominated by red pine with red oak and sugar maple. In addition, this area contains a diversity of other natural community types including a small wetland that supports nesting common loons. Bald eagles also occur here. Inch Lake was donated to the DNR by Jill and Jerry Martin their second donated State Natural Area property. In 2007, the adjacent Hildur Lake parcel was acquired by the West Wisconsin Land Trust and later donated to the DNR for incorporation into the State Natural Area Program. Acquisition was assisted by a partial donation from the Harris family. Inch Lake was designated a State Natural Area in 2006.

Access

Driving directions

From the intersection of US Highway 2 and County H in Iron River, go south on H 6.6 miles to Scenic Drive, then south 0.9 mile to a parking area east of the road. A lane leads northeast to the lake and affords carry-in canoe/kayak access. Another small parking area is located 0.5 miles southeast of Scenic Drive off County H.
Special Regulations apply to Inch Lake: Inch Lake is catch and release only. No use of live bait is permitted. Motors, including electric, are not permitted.

Ownership

Inch Lake is owned by:

  • WDNR

Maps

The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities. Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details.

The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries.

Objectives

Site objectives

Manage the site as an aquatic preserve and as an ecological reference area. Natural processes will determine the structure of the aquatic communities and associated uplands. Provide opportunities for research and education on the highest quality aquatic communities.

Management approach

The native aquatic and upland species are managed passively, which allows nature to determine the ecological characteristics of the lake. Exceptions include control of invasive plants and animals, and maintenance of existing facilities.

Site-specific considerations

  • Special fishing restrictions apply: Inch Lake is catch and release only. No use of live bait is permitted.
  • Motors, including electric, are not permitted.
  • Roadside easement area may be managed sporadically by township and county.
  • Although maintaining the walk-in canoe access trail and parking areas is allowed, manipulation/removal of vegetation and soil disturbance should be minimized to the extent possible. Mowing should be timed to avoid dispersal of invasive plant seeds, and mowing equipment should be cleaned if invasive plant seeds are present.

Recreation

Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. Trails, if present, are typically undesignated footpaths. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the "Access" tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

Allowable activities

In general, the activities listed below are allowed on all DNR-owned SNA lands. Exceptions to this list of public uses, such as SNAs closed to hunting, are noted under the "Access" tab above and posted with signs on site.

  • Hiking
  • Fishing
  • Cross country skiing
  • Hunting
  • Trapping

Prohibited activities

  • Camping and campfires
  • Collecting of animals (other than legally harvested species), non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead. Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
  • Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
  • Drone use, unless authorized by a SNA research permit
  • Geocaching
  • Horseback riding
  • Rock climbing
  • Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use

For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code [exit DNR]

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Last revised: Thursday, October 19, 2017